Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The relationship between young children's attachment to their mothers and teachers respectively and teachers' responsiveness
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The relationship between young children's attachment to their mothers and teachers respectively and teachers' responsiveness
Kim, Sook-Ryong;
  PDF(new window)
The subjects of this study were 64 young children aged 12 to 36 months old and their mothers and teachers. The attachment Q-set and an instrument for teachers' responsivity were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0, and Cronbach's and Pearson's r were calculated. The results were as follows. Teachers' consistency, warmth, and sensitivity were significantly correlated with the children's attachment to teachers. In addition, teachers' warm and sensitive responses were related to the children's attachment to mothers. Teachers' warm, sensitive, and responsive characteristics are emphasized for quality interactions between young children and teachers, since they contribute to the children's secure attachment to their mothers as well as teachers.
Attachment;Child-care;Child-care teacher;Sensitivity;Responsivity;
 Cited by
M. S. Ainsworth, M. Blehar, E. Waters, S. Wall, Patterns of attachment. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 1978.

J. Bowlby, Attachment and loss: Vol. 1, Attachment. London: Hogarth, 1969.

S. R. Kim, "Influence of Infant-teacher Interaction Quality and Teachers' Sensitivity on Infancts' Attachment to Parents and Teachers and Social Behaviors", Korean Journal of Child Care and Education, 61, pp. 197-215, 2010.

Y. Kim, S, Shin, "The Effects of infant attachment to mothers and teachers on adjustment to child care center", Korean Child Care and Education, 9(5), pp. 229-249, 2013. crossref(new window)

I. Kim, Infant Attachment Security and Socioemotional behaviors, Unpublished master's thesis, Chungnam University, Kwangju, 2010.

M. S. Cho, Infant Attachment Security to mothers and teachers and Socioemotion, Unpublished master's thesis, Inhah University, Inchon, 2007.

J. Belsky, M. J. Rovine, "Nonmaternal care in the first year of life and the security of infant-parent attachment. Child Development", 59, pp. 157-167, 1988. crossref(new window)

C. Howes, C. E. Hamilton, C. Matheson, "Children's relationships with peers: Differential associations with aspects of the teacher-child relationship", Child Development, 65, pp. 253-263. 1994. crossref(new window)

S. Kontos, C. Howes, B. Shinn, E. Galinsky, Quality in family child care and relative care. New York: Teachers College Press, 1994.

E. Melhuish, E. Loyd, S. Martin, A. Mooney, "Type of child care at 18 months-II. Relations with cognitive and language development", Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, pp. 15-31, 1990.

L. Hestenes, S. Kontos, Y. Bryan, "Children's emotional expression in child care centers varying in quality", Childhood Research Quarterly, 8, pp. 293-307, 1993.

H. H. Lee, Study on the Social play participation and Infant-teacher attachment security, Unpublished master's thesis, Konkook University, Seoul, 1997.

I. O. Kwon, The relationship between infants' attachment security score for their nursery teacher and infants' socio-emotional ability. Unpublished master's thesis, Keimyung University, Daegu, 2008.

M. S. Choi, A Study on the young children's play behaviors. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Chonnam University, Kwangju, 1992.

Y. O. Kim, The relationship between young children's attachment to their mothers and teachers and their adjustment behavior. Unpublished master's thesis, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, 2003.

S. M. Lim, The effects onf infants' attachment security and teacher-infant interaction on infant's early adjustment in day care. Unpublished master's thesis, Kyungnam University, Changwon, 2014.

Y. S, Cha, "The story on young children's early social life", The Journal of Future Early Childhood Education. 6(4), pp. 227-257, 2009.

S. Kontos, A. Wilcox-Herzog, "Influence on children's competence in early childhood classrooms", Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 12, pp. 247-262. 1997. crossref(new window)

Y. Lee, Developmentally appropriate infant program. Samsung Foundation Conference, 1999.

K. M. Zanolli, R. A. Saudargas, S. Twardosz, "The development of toddler's response to affectionate teacher behavior", Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 12, pp. 99-116, 1997. crossref(new window)

T. M. Field, J. Harding, B. Soliday, D. Lasko, "Touching in infant, toddler, and preschool nurseries. Early Childhood Development and Care", 98, pp. 113-120, 1994. crossref(new window)

G. Mahoney, Family/child curriculum: A relationship focused approach to parent education/early intervention. OH: Family Child Learning Center, 1999.

R. C. Pianta, Enhancing relationships between children and teachers. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1999.

I. O. Kwon, The effects of infants' temperament, maternal parenting and infant's attachment to mothers and teacher on the infant's adjustment to child care. Unpublished master's thesis, Dong-A University, Busan, 2015.

F. Goosen, M. van Ijzendoorn, "Quality of infantsl attachment to professional caregivers: Relation to infant-parent attachment and daycare characteristics", Child Development, 61, pp. 832-83, 1990. crossref(new window)

W. Stephenson, The study of behavior: Q-technique and its methodology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953.

E. Waters, K. E. Deane, Difining and assessing individual differences in attachment relationships: Q-methodology and the organization of behavior in infancy and early childhood. In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.). Growing points of attachment theory and research. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50(1-2, Serial No. 209), pp. 41-65, 1985.

Y. Lee, K. J. Park, Y. M. Lah, "A study on the development of criterion scores for the attachment Q-set in Korea", Korean Journal of Child Studies, 18(2), pp. 131-148, 1997.

J. M. Kim, The development and effects of program for improvement of Parent-child responsive interaction, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Choonang University, Daejeon, 2001.