JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Study on the Biodegradable ability of Biodegradable Plastics PLA(Polylactic acid) by composting
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Study on the Biodegradable ability of Biodegradable Plastics PLA(Polylactic acid) by composting
Moon, Jayoung; Kim, Myung-Hyun; Lee, Young-Tae; Lee, Hyun-Hee; Rho, You-Han;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In previous years, practice hand grenades were composed of non-degradable plastics and caused environmental pollution. Therefore, this study applied PLA(Polylactic acid) to practice hand grenades that would biodegradable within a short time. High expectations are being placed on PLA as a substitute for plastics because it can decompose to water and carbon dioxide. The aim of this study was to confirm that the PLA material of a practice hand grenade has biodegradability in a pilot-scale composting unit and estimate the applicability for other items. A composting test was progressed according to ISO 16929(2013). The test process was found to be valid. At the end of the composting test (after 12 weeks), the entire content of the test bin with the test sheet was sieved, sorted and analyzed. A disintegration percentage of 99.2% was obtained after 12 weeks of composting. Therefore, the 90% pass level required by ISO 17088(2013), EN 13432(2000), and ASTM D 6400-12 was easily reached. On the other hand, more research will be needed to determine additional applications of PLA material for consumables.
 Keywords
Biodegradable;composting;PLA;Plastic;disintegration;polylactic acid;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Young-Sun You, Kyu-Ho So, and Myong-Soo Chung. "Trends in development and marketing of degradable plastics," Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology pp. 365-374, 2008.

2.
David T. "Plastic Waste Management," Marcel Dekker Inc., New York pp. 1-35, 1993.

3.
Guillet JE. "Polymers and Ecological Problems," Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA. pp. 45-60, 1973. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-0871-3 crossref(new window)

4.
Eun-Jo park, Hern-Jin Park and Dong-Hak Kim, "Effects of nucleating agents and plasticizers on the crystallization and crystal structure of PLA(Polylactic acid)," Soon chunhyang University, Korea academia -Industrial cooperation society pp. 914-920, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2015.16.1.914 crossref(new window)

5.
Sodergard, Anders, and Mikael Stolt. "Industrial production of high molecular weight poly (lactic acid)," Poly (Lactic Acid): Synthesis, Structures, Properties, Processing, and Applications, pp. 27-41, 2010.

6.
Parichat Intaraksa, Yosita Rudeekit, Ponsak Siriyota and Tanawadee Leejarkpai. "Comparative Study of the Bio-disintegration Behavior of Polylactic acid under Laboratory and Pilot-Scale Composting Conditions," National Metal and Materials Technology center, 114 Thailand science park, Thailand Advanced Materials Research, pp. 678-681, v.747, 2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.747.678 crossref(new window)

7.
Suk-In Hong. "Development of biodegradable packaging material by starch," Korean society of food science and Technology, Korea. pp. 93-94, 1993.

8.
Jeong-Soo Park, Hung-Soo Joo, Jae-Young Ryu, Chae-Gun Phae and Young-Seung Jeon, "Study of Biodegradable Ability of Biodegradable Plastic in Anaerobic Digestion," Journal of KOWREC, pp. 109-119, 2002.

9.
Koran Institute of science and technology. "Standard of eco-friendly biodegradable polymer and development of test method", Ministry of Environment, pp 37-51, 1999.

10.
Jung-Uk Kim. "[Special Issue : Recycling of waste] Composting of waste," Chemical Industry and Technology, pp. 57-61, 1989.

11.
Nelson, D. W. and L_E Sommers. "Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter," Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties methods of soilan 2, pp. 539-579, 1982.