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Characteristics of indoor air quality in the overground and underground railway stations
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 Title & Authors
Characteristics of indoor air quality in the overground and underground railway stations
Namgung, Hyeong-Kyu; Song, Ji-Han; Kim, Soo-Yeon; Kim, Hee-Man; Kwon, Soon-Bark;
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In this study, the air quality of underground and overground railway stations was evaluated focusing on the degree of influence of the outside air quality. The measured components were particulate matter (), carbon dioxide (), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (), formaldehyde (HCHO), ozone (), total airborne bacteria (TAB), total volatile organic carbon (TVOC), and Radon (Rn), which are included in the maintenance standards and recommended standards of the Indoor Air Quality Management Act. Also, the indoor/outdoor concentration ratios of , , and were calculated to estimate the influence of the outdoor air quality. The concentrations of HCHO, TVOC, , and Rn in the underground stations were found to be higher than those in the overground stations. These results indicate that the (present) generation of contaminants are caused by the indoor source of the underground station. The ozone concentration of the overground stations was higher than that of the underground stations, which indicates that the outdoor ozone concentration influenced that of the overground stations directly. Thus, methods of improving the IAQ should take into consideration the types of contamination.
Railway;Overground station;Underground station;Indoor Air Quality;I/O ratio;
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