Publisher : The Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2016.17.5.26
Title & Authors
Dispersion Characteristics of Hydrogen Gas by the Effect of Leakage Hole Size in Enclosure Space Choi, Jinwook; Li, Longnan; Park, Chul-Woo; Lee, Seong Hyuk; Kim, Daejoong;
As a potential clean energy resource, the production and consumption of hydrogen gas are expected to gradually increase, so that hydrogen related studies are also increasing. The thermal and chemical properties of hydrogen result in its high flammability; in particular, there is a high risk if leaks occur within an enclosed space. In this study, we applied the computational fluid dynamics method to conduct a numerical study on the leakage behavior of hydrogen gas and compared these numerical study results with an experimental study. The leakage hole diameter was selected as an important parameter and the hydrogen gas dispersion behavior in an enclosed space was investigated through various analytical methods. Moreover, the flammable regions were investigated as a function of the leakage time and leakage hole size. We found that the growth rate of the flammable region increases rapidly with increasing leakage hole size. We also investigated the relation between the mass flow rate and the critical time when the hydrogen gas reaches the ceiling. The analysis of the monitoring points showed that the hydrogen gas dispersion behavior is isotropic and independent of the geometry. We found that the concentration of gas in an enclosed space is affected by both the leakage flow rate and amount of gas accumulated in the enclosure.
Gas Dispersion;Enclosure Space;Leakage Hole;Mole Fraction;Lower Flammable Limit;
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