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The Influence of Emotional Labor, Job Stress, and Burnout on Turnover Intention of Care Worker's at Long-Term Care Hospitals
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 Title & Authors
The Influence of Emotional Labor, Job Stress, and Burnout on Turnover Intention of Care Worker's at Long-Term Care Hospitals
Youn, Soon-Chul; Kwon, Suhye; Kang, Hyo-Jeong;
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The purpose of this study was to identify the extent of and relationships among emotional labor, job stress, burnout and turnover intention and the factors influencing the turnover intention of care workers at long-term care hospitals. The study was approved by KUIRS, and the data were collected from August 12 to September 30, 2015, and analyzed using the SPSS WIN 18.0 program. The participants of this study were 200 care workers at ten different long-term care hospitals in B city and G province. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires and analyzed by descriptive statistics, the t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and Stepwise multiple regression. The turnover intention was significantly correlated with emotional labor (r=.372, p<.001), job stress (r=.471, p<.001), and burnout (r=.411, p<.001). In the multiple regression, job stress (, p<.001), burnout (, p<.001), type of employment (, p<.001), and emotional labor (, p=.017) were identified as factors influencing the turnover intention. These factors explained 32.6% of the total variance in the turnover intention. Based on the results, in order to reduce the turnover intention, the improvement of work environment and clear job-descriptions are needed to reduce the job stress, and the development and implementation of proactive psycho-social interventions are necessary to reduce burnout and emotional labor in care workers at long-term care hospitals.
Burnout;Care Worker;Emotional Labor;Job Stress;Long-Term Care;Turnover Intention;
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