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Different Patterns of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia and Caregiver Burden according to Dementia Type in Nursing Home Residents
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 Title & Authors
Different Patterns of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia and Caregiver Burden according to Dementia Type in Nursing Home Residents
Gang, Min-Suk; Choi, Hyun-A; Hyun, Jin-Sook;
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 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine different patterns of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and caregiver burden according to dementia type. Data were collected from June 2014 to December 2014 from five nursing homes. In all, 214 patients [131 patients with Alzheimer`s disease (AD) and 83 patients with Vascular dementia (VD)] were included in the study. BPSD and caregiver burden data were examined using NPI-NH (Neuropsychiatric Inventory Nursing Home Version). According to the results, both the AD and VD group showed the highest frequency in apathy/indifference and the frequency of anxiety, elation/euphoria, and irritability/lability was significantly higher in the AD group than in the VD group. The difference in total BPSD composite scores between the AD and VD groups was not significant but agitation/aggression was significantly higher in the AD group than in the VD group. The mean score for caregiver burden was significantly higher in the AD group than in the VD group, particularly in agitation/aggression. In conclusion, BPSD differed according to dementia type, and nurses should provide specific interventions to control BPSD; a program to reduce caregiver burden according to dementia type is also needed.
 Keywords
Alzheimer`s disease;BPSD;Caregiver burden;Dementia;Vascular dementia;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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