Korea National Statistical Office. Korean Statistical Information Service. Available from: http://www.kosis.kr. [cited 2015 December 31].
Joo AJ, Kim HW. Effects of health-related characteristics, social support, and depression on cognitive function in elders resident in community health post Areas. J Korean Gerontol Nurs, 13(2):154-162, 2011.
Shin ES, Kwon IS, Cho YC. Analysis of the influence of physical function and social support on depressive symptom in the community elderly using the structural equation model. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 12(11):4995-5004, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2011.12.11.4995
Kim SH, Kim HS. The Meta analysis of the effects of self-esteem and depression programs of the elderly. Journal of Social Science, 40(3):77-97, 2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15820/khjss.2014.40.3.004
World Health Organization. Fact sheets/Mental disorders/Depression. [Updated October 2015]. Available from:http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs396/en/ [cited 2015 December 31].
Jang, MH, Won JS. Association of anger and anger expression, social support, self-esteem, and depression in elderly. Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs, 18(3):259-268, 2009.
Shin ES, Cho YC. Relationship between depressive symptoms and physical function(ADL, IADL) among the rural elderlies. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 13(1):201-210, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.1.201
Song MS, Kim NC, Lee DH. Factors related to depression and activities of daily living in elders with symptoms of depression. J Korean Gerontol Nurs, 10(1):20-26, 2008.
Ormel J, Rijsdijk FV, Sullivan M et al. Temporal and reciprocal relationship between IADL/ADL disability and depressive symptoms in late life. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci, 57(4):P338-P347, 2002. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geronb/57.4.P338
Park SY. A study on depression, ADL, IADL, and QOL among community-dwelling, low income elderly. Journal of Korean Academy of Public Health Nursing, 23(1):78-90, 2009.
Chang KO. Effect of self-esteem and life satisfaction on quality of life of elderly school program participants. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 15(8):5078-5087, 2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2014.15.8.5078
Choi HI, Chae HT, Song IU. The effect of self-esteem and social support on relationship between elderly's stress life events and hopelessness. Journal of Welfare for the Aged, 43:183-202, 2009.
Lim JC, Ju KH, Lim BW. Effects of work participation on the depression of the elderly; focusing on the mediating role of self-esteem. Journal of Welfare for the Aged, 57:29-50, 2012.
Lee IJ. Sex Differences in the effects of psychosocial factors on depression and life satisfaction of the persons. Journal of Welfare for the Aged, 36:159-179, 2007.
Bae JY, Kim WH, Yoon KA. Depression, suicidal thoughts and the buffering effect of social support among the elderly. Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, 25(3):59-73, 2005.
Boerema AM, Kleiboer A, Beekman AT et al. Determinants of help-seeking behavior in depression: a cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry, 16(78):1-9, 2016. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-0790-0
Lim HS, Cho YC. Relationship between depressive symptom and social and family support among the elderly people in urban areas. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 12(4):1721-1731, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2011.12.4.1721
Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang AG et al. G*power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and science. Behav Res Methods, 39(2):175-191, 2007. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03193146
Won CW, Rho YG, Kim SY et al. The development of Korean activities of daily living(K-ADL) and Korean instrumental activities of daily living(K-IADL) scale. WebHealth Research 5:1-20, 2002.
Kang WS, Moon JW, Park JS. The relationship among abuse, self-esteem, ADL, psychosocial factors and depression in the elderly. Korean Association of Health and Medical Sociology, 29:153-183, 2011.
Yoo YR, Lee JY. Adult attachment and help-seeking intention: The mediating roles of self concealment, perceived social support, and psychological distress. The Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 18(2):441-460, 2006.
Chon KK, Choi SC, Yang BC. Integrated adaptation of CES-D in Korea. Korean Journal of Health Psychology, 6(1):59-76, 2001.
Stopa SR, Malta DC, Oliveira MM, et al. Prevalence of self-reported depression in Brazil: 2013 National Health Survey results. Rev Bras Epidemiol, 18(2):170-180, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5497201500060015
Bretanha AF, Facchini LA, Nunes BP et al. Depressive symptoms in elderly living in areas covered by Primary Health Care Units in urban area of Bage, RS. Rev Bras Epidemiol, 18(1):1-12, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5497201500010001
Li LW, Liu J, Zhang Z et al. Late-life depression in rural China: do village infrastructure and availability of community resources matter? Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 30(7):729-736, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.4217
Kwon MJ. Convergence study on the relation between cognition, depression and aggression in the elderly. Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 6(6):171-176, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15207/JKCS.2015.6.6.171
Kim ES, Lee SK, Yoon HJ et al. Subjective health status and relative factors of old-old elderly of more than 75-year-old: Based on 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 15(77):4279-4289, 2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2014.15.7.4279
Fujita K, Fujiwara Y, Chaves PH et al. Frequency of going outdoors as a good predictors for incident disability of physical function as well as disability recovery in community-dwelling older adults in rural Japan. J Epidemiol, 16(6):261-270, 2006. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2188/jea.16.261
Yoon HS, Ji EM, Cho YC. Depression symptoms and its related factors among the elderly people affiliated with long-term care insurance services in urban Areas. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 16(4): 2674-2683, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2015.16.4.2674
Sandberg M, Kristensson J, Midlov P et al. Prevalence and predictors of healthcare utilization among older people (60+): Focusing on ADL dependency and risk of depression. Arch Gerontol Geriatr, 54(3):e349-363, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2012.02.006
Park, YR, Park KS, Jung EH. The effects of social support and social negativity on depressive symptoms of the rural elderly. The Korean Academy of Mental Health Social Work, 42(2):151-177, 2014.
Yeo YO, Yoo EK. The relationship among depression, self-esteem and ADL in the case of the hospitalized elderly patients with chronic disease. J Korean Acad Adult Nurs, 22(6):676-686, 2010.
Choi Y. Economic and health status, social support and depression of the elderly living alone. Social Science Research, 24(4):103-123, 2008.
Lee MS. Chronic diseases, depressive symptoms and the effects of social networks in Korean elderly population. Korean Association of Health and Medical Sociology, 27:5-30, 2010.
Ang S, Malhotra R. Association of received social support with depressive symptoms among older males and females in Singapore: Is personal mastery an inconsistent mediator? Soc Sci Med, 153:165-173, 2016. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.02.019