JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Backward Walking Exercise on ROM, VAS score and Proprioception in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Patients
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Backward Walking Exercise on ROM, VAS score and Proprioception in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Patients
Moon, Dae-Hyung; Oh, Du-Hwan; Zhang, Seok-Am; Lee, Jang-Kyu;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study examined the effects of 4-weeks of backward walking exercise on ROM, VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) score and proprioception in anterior cruciate reconstruction patients. Fourteen subjects were randomly assigned to either a backward walking group (BWG, n
 Keywords
ACL reconstruction;Backward walking;Proprioception;ROM;VAS score;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
"Number of gym club and number of member", Korea Council of Sport for all, 2012.

2.
Nordin M, & Frankel V. H. "Basic biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system" Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, 1982.

3.
Yoon S. W. "Anterior cruciate ligament damage and rehabilitation exercise", Sport Science. 80(0), pp. 21-29, 2002.

4.
Barry C. S, & Joan M. M. "The role of weight bearing in the clinical assessment of knee joint position sense", Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 47(4), pp. 247-253, 2001. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0004-9514(14)60272-5 crossref(new window)

5.
Bilko T. E, Paulos L. E, Feagin J. A, Jr Lambert K. L, & Cunningham H. R. "Current trends in repair and rehabilitation of complete (acute) anterior cruciate ligament injuries", American Journal of Sports Medicine, 14(2), pp. 143-147, 1986. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/036354658601400209 crossref(new window)

6.
Smith F. W, Rosenlund E. A, Aune A. K, Maclean J. A, & Hills S. W. "Subjiective functional assessments and the return to competitive sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction", British Journal of Sports Medicine, 8(3), pp. 279-284, 2004. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2002.001982 crossref(new window)

7.
Giugliano D. N, & Solomon J. L. "ACL tears in female athletes. physical medicine and rehabilitation", Clinics of North America. 18(3), pp. 417-38, 2007.

8.
Paulos L, Noyes F. R, Grood E, & Butler D. L. "Knee rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and repair", American Journal of Sports Medicine, 9(3), pp. 140-149, 1981. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/036354658100900303 crossref(new window)

9.
Shelbourne K. D, & Nitz P. "Accelerated rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction", American Journal of Sports Medicine, 18(3), pp. 292-299, 1990. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/036354659001800313 crossref(new window)

10.
Kim J. K, & Jang J. H. "Differences in the recovery of muscular function in knee joint according to application time of exercise rehabilitation program after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction", The Korea Journal of Sports Science, 21(2), pp. 1045-1058, 2012.

11.
Lee I. S, Lim J. Y, Kin Y. S, Jung S. K, Han T. R, & Kim T. K. "New isokinetic parameters for the outcome assessment of accelerated rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction", The korea Journal of Sports Medicine, 23(3), pp. 251-256, 2005.

12.
Kim T. S, Kim S. H, & Hwang B. G. "Biomechanical for rehabilitation of the knee", The Journal of Korean Society of Physical Therapy, (12)2, pp. 239-247, 2000.

13.
Goradia V. K, Rochat M. C, Kida M, & Grana W. A. "Natural history of a hamstring tendon autograft used for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in a sheep model", American Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(1), pp. 40-46, 2000. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/03635465000280011901 crossref(new window)

14.
Jo S. H, & Kim S. K. "The effect of depending on variations of speed in backward walking on lower extremities muscle", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society. 13(5), pp. 2199-2105, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.5.2199 crossref(new window)

15.
Thorstensson A. "How is the normal locomotor program modified to produce backward walking?", Experimental Brain Research, 61(3), pp. 664-668, 1986. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00237595 crossref(new window)

16.
Threlkeld A. J, Horn T. S, Wojtowitcz G. M, Rooney J. G, & Shapiro R. "Kinematics, ground reaction force, and muscle balance produced by backward running", The Journal of Othopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 11(2), pp. 56-62, 1989. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.1989.11.2.56 crossref(new window)

17.
Devita P, & Stribling J. "Lower extremity joint kinetics and energetics during backward running." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23(5), pp. 602-610, 1991. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199105000-00013 crossref(new window)

18.
Flynn T. W, & Soutas-Little R. W. "Mechanical power and masculation during forward and backward running", The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 17(2), pp. 108-112, 1993. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.1993.17.2.108 crossref(new window)

19.
Cynthia C, Norkin D, & Joyce W. "Measurement of joint motion", A Guide to Goniometry, 2011.

20.
Akarcali I, Tugay N, Erden Z, Atay A, Leblebicioglu G, & Doral M. N. "Patellofemoral pain rehabilitation: outcomes of a home based program", Journal of Arthroplasty Arthroscopic Surgery, (12), pp. 56-60, 2001.

21.
Gottlob C. A, Baker C. L, Jr Pellissier J. M, & Colvin L. "Cost effectiveness of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in young adults", Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, (367), pp. 272-282, 1999. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199910000-00034

22.
Hooper T. L, Dunn D. M, & Props J. E. "The effect of graded forward and backward walking on heart rate and oxygen consumption", The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 34(2), pp. 65-71, 2004.

23.
Delfico A. J, & Garrett W. E. Jr. "Mechanisms of injury of the anterior cruciate ligament in soccer players", Clinics in Sports Medicine, 17(4)779-485, 1998. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-5919(05)70118-6 crossref(new window)

24.
Cosgarea A. J, Sebastianelli W. J, & DeHaven K. E. "Prevention of arthrofibrosis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the central third patellar tendon autograft", The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 23(1), pp. 87-92, 1995. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/036354659502300115 crossref(new window)

25.
Henriksson M, Rockborn P, & Good L. "Range of motion training in brace vs plaster immobilization after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction : a prospective randomized comparison with a 2-year follow-up", Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 12(2), pp. 73-80, 2002. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0838.2002.120203.x crossref(new window)

26.
David J. M. "Jumper's knee", The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 11(4), pp. 137-141, 1989. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.1989.11.4.137 crossref(new window)

27.
McArdle W. F, Katch F, & Katch V. "Exercise physiology: energy, nutrition, and human performance", Philadelphia, 483-511, 2001.

28.
Kim Y. H, Kim G. W, Min H. J, Yoon Y. S, Cho K. H, Kim D. Y, & Kim S, L. "Analysis of the factors that Influence the range of motion after total knee Arthroplasty", Knee Surgery & Related Research. 11(1), pp. 20-25, 1999.

29.
Kisner C, & Colby L. A. "Therapeutic exercise. foundations and techniques", philadelphia, 61-108, 109-112, 1996.

30.
Seo H. D, & Nam H. C. "The effect of treadmill backward walking training on knee joint muscle strength, thigh circumference, soft lean mass, flexibility and body fat mass", Sports Science & Physical Therapy, 2(1), pp. 53-59, 2006.

31.
Park G. J. "Effect on flexibility of the body is agility", The Journal of Korean Olympic Committee, 103(0), pp. 44-47, 1971.

32.
Kang S. Y. "General conceptions of physical therapy", Human Science, 8(12), pp. 23-30, 1984.

33.
Lee H. J, & Park C. W. "Rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction", Knee Surgery & Related Research, 23(2), pp. 69-79, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5792/jkks.2011.23.2.69 crossref(new window)

34.
Cho J. H, & Kim R. B. "Effect of the MBT shoes on lower extremity joints dynamics during walking", Journal of Sports and Leisure Studies, 48(2), pp. 825-834, 2012.

35.
Kim R. B, & Cho J. H. "An analysis on the contribution of lower limb joint according to the gender and gait velocity". Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 23(2), pp. 159-167, 2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.2.159 crossref(new window)

36.
Katsavelis D, Mukherjee D. L, & Stergiou N. "Variability of lower extremity joint kinematics during backward walking in a virtual environment", Nonlinear Dynamics Psychology and Life Sciences, 14(2), pp. 165-179, 2010.

37.
Winter D. A, Pluck N. & Yang J. F. "Backward walking, a simple reversal of forward walking?", Journal of Motor Behavior, 21(3), pp. 291-305, 1989. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222895.1989.10735483 crossref(new window)

38.
Gondhalekar G. A, Deo M. V. "Retro walking as an adjunct to conventional treatment versus conventional treatment alone on pain and disability in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic knee osteoarthritis: a randomized clinical trial", North American Journal of Medical Sciences, 5(2), pp. 108-12, 2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.107527 crossref(new window)

39.
Lee M. H, Son J. S, Kim J. Y, & Kim Y. H. "Biomechanical analysis of lower-limb joint during backward walking", The Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, 2011(6), pp. 1421-1422, 2011.

40.
Christanell F, Hoser C, Huber R, Fink C, & Luomajoki H. "The influence of electromyographic biofeedback therapy on knee extension following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a randomized controlled trial", Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology, 4(1), pp. 41, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1758-2555-4-41 crossref(new window)

41.
Ji Y. S, Lee J. C, & Yang J. S. "The effect of rehabilitative exercise on musculoarticular functions and VAS in athletes with meniscus repair", Journal of Coaching Development, 8(4), pp. 209-218, 2006.

42.
Chaloupka E. C, Kang J, Mastrangelo M. A, & Donnelly M. S. "Cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses during forward and backward walking", The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, (25)5: 302-306, 1997. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.1997.25.5.302 crossref(new window)

43.
Witvrow E, Lysens R, Bellemans J, Peers K, & Vanerstraeten G. "Open versus closed kinetic chain exercises for patellofemoral pain; a prospective, randomized study", The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(5), pp. 687-694, 2000.

44.
Bae J. J, Lee J, C, Han S. W, "The effect of backward walking on respiratory factor and VAS in the rehabilitation training for knee injury", The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 44(4), pp. 347-346, 2005.

45.
Flynn T. W, & Soutas-Little R. W. "Patellofemoral joint compressive forces in forward and backward running", Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 21(5), pp. 277-282, 1995. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.1995.21.5.277 crossref(new window)

46.
Myatt G, Baxter R, Dougherty R, Williams G, Halle J, Stetts D. & Underwood F. "The cardiopulmonary cost of backward walking at selected speeds", The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 21(3), pp. 132-8, 1995. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.1995.21.3.132 crossref(new window)

47.
Oh S. J, Yang S. J, Ha J. K, Seo J. G, Choi J. Y, & Kim J. K. "Clinical article : the effectiveness of joint position sense test in evaluating the proprioceptive function after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction", The Korea Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(2), pp. 83-88, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2011.29.2.83 crossref(new window)

48.
Corrigan J. P, Cashman W. F, & Brady M. P. "Proprioception in the cruciate deficient knee", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 74(2), pp. 247-250, 1992.

49.
Mir S. M, Hadian M. R, Talebian S, & Nasseri N. "Functional assessment of knee joint position sense following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction", British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(4), pp. 300-303, 2008. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2007.044875 crossref(new window)

50.
Henriksson M, Ledin T, & Good L. "Postural control after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and functional rehabilitation", The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(3), pp. 359-366, 2001.

51.
Hyun D. S, & Choi J, D. "The effects of backward walking with rhythmic auditory stimulation on gait and balance in patients with stroke", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society", 14(12), pp. 6237-6245, 2013. crossref(new window)