JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Analysis of driver behavior related to frontal vehicle collision direction
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Analysis of driver behavior related to frontal vehicle collision direction
Lee, Myung-Lyeol; Kim, Ho-Jung; Lee, Kang-Hyun; Kim, Sang-Chul; Lee, Hyo-Ju; Choi, Hyo-Jueng;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study investigates frontal crashes, analyzes the driver's action related to the change of the collision direction and determines the severity of (bodily injury). This study was conducted from August, 2013, to January, 2014, and the data for the car damage and human body damage were collected by emergency medical teams. In terms of data collection, we collected the accident vehicle, crash direction, body damage, etc., based on the Korea In-depth Accident Study (KIDAS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS). We used Minitab 17 and SPSS 22.0 to do the frequency analysis and ANOVA. In the analysis results, the prevalence of frontal collisions was 55.8% and mostly occurred in the 12 o'clock direction. In the analysis of the frontal crash direction according to age, the average ages for the 11, 12 and 1 o'clock directions were , and , respectively, so the older age drivers had a high probability of the accident occurring in the 1 o'clock direction. In the analysis of men's frontal collision direction according to age, the average ages in the 11, 12 and 1 o'clock directions were , and , respectively, so older aged men had a high probability of having collisions in the 1 o'clock direction. However, the statistical analysis of the frontal crash direction according to age in women didn't show any meaningful trend. When comparing the ISS according to age of the men and women in the collision direction, the men were less likely to have a 12 o'clock collision when and more likely to have a 1 o'clock collision when ISS<9. As a result, frontal crashes are more likely to occur in the 12 o'clock direction and the ISS decreases because the likelihood of frontal crashes in the 1 o'clock direction increases with increasing age. Therefore, when men recognize that they are heading for a 12 o'clock direction collision, they try to steer to the left to reduce the body damage.
 Keywords
Autonomous car;Car accident;Driver behavior;Frontal collision;Injury Severity Scorel;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Mattox KL, Feliciano DV, Moore EE. Trauma. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. p.131-133, 2000.

2.
Lee JD, McGehee DV, Brown TL, Reyes ML. 2002. Collision warning timing, driver distraction, and driver response to imminent rear-end collisions in a high-fidelity driving simulator. Hum Factors. vol.44, No.2, p.314-334, 2002. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1518/0018720024497844 crossref(new window)

3.
Abu-zidan FM, Eid HO. Factors affecting injury severity of vehicle occupants following road traffic collisions. Injury. vlo.46, No.1, p.136-141, 2015. crossref(new window)

4.
National Transportation Safety Board 2011. Special Investigation Report. Vehicle-and Infrastructure-Based Technology for the Prevention of Rear-End Collisions. NTSB/SIR-01/01, PB2001-917003.

5.
Frampton R, Page M, Thoman P. Factors related to fatal injury in frontal crashes involving European cars. Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med. vol.50, p.35-56, 2006.

6.
Korean National Police Agency 2014, (2013 Traffic Accident Statistical Analysis[2014 edition])

7.
Baddeley AD. Selective attention and performance in dangerous environments. British Journal of Psychology. vol.63, p.537-546, 1972. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1972.tb01304.x crossref(new window)

8.
Cicchino JB, McCartt AT. Critical older driver errors in a national sample of serious U.S. Accid Anal Prev. vol.80, p.211-219, 2015. crossref(new window)

9.
Borowsky A, Shinar D, Oron-Gilad T. Age, skill, and hazard perception in driving. Accid Anal Prev. vol.42, No.4, p.1240-1249, 2010. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.02.001 crossref(new window)

10.
Wetton MA, Horswill MS, Hatherly C, Wood JM, Pachana NA, Anstey KJ. The development and validation of two complementary measures of drivers' hazard perception ability. Accid Anal Prev. vol.42, No.4, p.1232-1239, 2010. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.01.017 crossref(new window)

11.
Hill JD, Boyle LN. Assessing the relative risk of severe injury in automotive crashes for older female occupants. Accid Anal Prev. vol.38, No.1, p.148-154, 2006. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2005.08.006 crossref(new window)

12.
Thomas JA, Walton D. 2007. Measuring perceived risk: Self-reported and actual hand positions of SUV and car drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. vol.10, No.3, p.201-207, 2007. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2006.10.001 crossref(new window)

13.
Keall MD, Newstead SV, Watson, L. Four-wheel Drive Vehicle Crash Involvement Patterns. Royal Automobile Club of Victoria Ltd, p.41, 2006.