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Effect of Exercise Type and Intensity on Insulin Resistance and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Obese Middle Aged Women
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Exercise Type and Intensity on Insulin Resistance and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Obese Middle Aged Women
Lee, Dae-Hee; Oh, Du-Hwan; Zhang, Seok-Am; Lee, Jang-Kyu;
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This study examined the effects of exercise intensity and type on insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and exercise time. Obese thirty-two subjects (>body fat 30%) were randomly assigned one of four experimental groups: VO2 max 50% aerobic exercise group (MAE, n=8), VO2 max 80% aerobic exercise group (VAE, n=8), VO2 max 50% + resistance exercise group (MARE, n=8), and VO2 max 80% + resistance exercise group (VARE, n=8). Body fat significantly decreased in all groups and insulin resistance decreased significantly in MARE and VARE (p<.05 & p<.01) after exercise. CRP and IL-6 were slightly reduced after exercise, although these did not reach statistical significance, whereas the IL-6 level of the VAE group decreased significantly (p<.05). TNF- significantly decreased in the MAE group (p<.05) but significantly increased in the VARE group after exercise (p<.05). For exercise time, higher intensity exercise groups were significantly less than the lower intensity exercise groups (p<.001). These results suggest that body fat is affected by all kinds of exercise intensity and type while CRP is not. Insulin resistance and TNF- were affected by exercise type, whereas IL-6, TNF-, and exercise time were affected by exercise intensity.
Cardiovascular disease risk factor;Exercise intensity;Exercise type;Insulin resistance;
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Statistics Korea, 2014 Social Survey in Busan, 2015.

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