Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Determinants of Re-participation for Rural Responsible Tourism
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Determinants of Re-participation for Rural Responsible Tourism
Kim, Kyung-Hee; Lee, Sun-Min;
  PDF(new window)
Responsible tourism has become an established area of the tourism industry. This study aims to identify the factors that influence re-participation in responsible tourism in rural Korea. On-site survey was conducted on 436 tourists by seven responsible tourism agencies in Korea. The motivation for responsible tourists was categorized into seven types: family togetherness, escape and relaxation, personal growth, social interaction, various experiences, learning, and natural experience. The estimation of a binary logistic regression model determined the characteristics of responsible tourists who are most likely to opt for re-participation in responsible tourism. Results indicated that important factors for re-participation in responsible tourism were `age`, `educational level`, `accompany`, `length of stay`, and `motivation`. The results implied that tourists` internal and external factors are important for re-participation in responsible tourism. It is expected that this study will contribute to the market expansion of responsible tourism.
rural;responsible tourism;re-participation;determinant;binomial logistic regression;
 Cited by
Alegre J, Mateo S, Pou L(2013) Tourism participation and expenditure by Spanish households: the effects of the economic crisis and unemployment. Tourism Manage 39, 37-49 crossref(new window)

Beerli A, Martin JD(2004) Factors influencing destination image. Ann Tourism Res 31(3), 657-681 crossref(new window)

Beh A, Bruyere BL(2007) Segmentation by visitor motivation in three Kenyan national reserves. Tourism Manage 28(6), 1464-1471 crossref(new window)

Benson A, Seibert N(2009) Motivations of German participations in South Africa. Ann Leisure Res 12(3-4), 295-314 crossref(new window)

Berry S, Ladkin A(1997) Sustainable tourism: a regional perspective. Tourism Manage 18(7), 433-440 crossref(new window)

Blackstock KL, White V, McCrum G, Scott A, Hunter C(2008) Measuring responsibility: an appraisal of a Scottish National Park's sustainable tourism indicators. J Sus Tourism 16(3), 276-297 crossref(new window)

Boluk KA(2011) Fair trade tourism South Africa : consumer virtue or moral selving?. J Ecotourism 10(3), 235-249 crossref(new window)

Caruana R, Glozer S, Crane A, McCabe S(2014) Tourists' accounts of responsible tourism. Ann Tourism Res 46, 115-129 crossref(new window)

Center for Responsible Travel(2015) Publications. Available from [cited 2015 December 1]

Cho MH, Jeong SJ(2012) A study on values of tourist's and perceived consequence of fair tourism: the mediation effect of ethical consumption. J Tourism Sci 36(1), 91-114

Choi SM, Park JS(2013) A difference analysis of domestic family travel participation by demographics of family. J Korea Contents Assoc 13(8), 433-442

Choi SY, Kim JT(2002) The study on the actual conditions of a tourist visiting a national park. Korean Soc Leis Sport 6, 13-26

Cleverdon R, Kalisch A(2000) Fair trade in tourism. Int J Tourism Res 2(3), 171-187 crossref(new window)

Cooper CP, Ozdil I(1992) From mass to 'responsible' tourism: the Turkish experience. Tourism Manage 13(4), 377-386 crossref(new window)

Crompton J(1979) Motivations for pleasure vacation. Ann Tourism Res 6(4), 408-424 crossref(new window)

Crompton JL, McKay SL(1997) Motives of visitors attending festival events. Ann Tourism Res 24(2), 425-439 crossref(new window)

Darnell AC, Johnson PS(2001) Repeat visits to attractions: a preliminary economic analysis. Tourism Manage 22(2), 119-126 crossref(new window)

Dolnicar S, Leisch F(2008) Selective marketing for environmentally sustainable tourism. Tourism Manage 29(4), 672-680 crossref(new window)

Fennell DA, Malloy DC(1999) Measuring the ethical nature of tourism operators. Ann Tourism Res 26(4), 928-943 crossref(new window)

Fluker MR, Turner LW(2000) Needs, motivations, and expectations of a commercial whitewater rafting experience. J Tourism Res 38(4), 380-389

Frey N, George R(2010) Responsible tourism management: the missing link between business owners' attitudes and behaviour in the Cape Town tourism industry. Tourism Manage 31(5), 621-628 crossref(new window)

Fridgen JD(1984) Environmental psychology and tourism. Ann Tourism Res 11(1), 19-39 crossref(new window)

Gitelson RJ, Crompton JL(1984) Insights into the repeat vacation phenomenon. Ann Tourism Res 11(2), 199- 217 crossref(new window)

Goodwin H, Francis J(2003) Ethical and responsible tourism: consumer trends in the UK. J Vacation Mark 9(3), 271-284 crossref(new window)

Goodwin H, Roe D(2001) Tourism, livelihoods and protected areas: opportunities for fair trade tourism in and around National parks. Int J Tourism Res 3(5), 377-391 crossref(new window)

Gwak GH(2013) Core demand market by visitor's characteristics of mountain types of a National park -focused on demographic and social economical factors-. J Korea Contents Assoc 13(7), 361-368

Gyte DM, Phelps A(1989) Patterns of destination repeat business: British tourists in Mallorca, Spain. J Travel Res 28(1), 24-28 crossref(new window)

Hair JF, Black WC, Babin BJ, Anderson RE, Tatham RL(2006) Multivariate data analysis(6th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Hosmer DW, Hosmer T, le Cessie S, Lemeshow S(1997) A comparison of goodness-of-fit tests for the logistic regression model. Stat Med 16, 965-980 crossref(new window)

Hosmer DW, Lemeshow S(1980) Goodness-of-fit tests for the multiple logistic regression model. Comm Stat Am 9, 1043-1069 crossref(new window)

Hughes M, Morrison-Saunders A(2002) Repeat and first time visitation in an experience specific context: the valley of the Giants Tree Top Walk. J Tour Stud 13(1), 20-25

Hwang HJ, Lee H(2011) Analysis on the concepts of fair tourism: studying for the theorization. J Tourism Sci 35(7), 77-101

Intrepid Travel(2015) Destinations. Available from [cited 2015 December 1]

Jeon CH, Choi SM(2011) Analysis on foreign tourists visit fact ors by using tobit model. J Tourism Stud 23(3), 151-169

Kim KH, Kagn SJ(2015) A qualitative study on responsible tour operators' perception and operation status. J Agricultural Extension Community Dev 22(1), 15-24 crossref(new window)

Kim KH, Lee SM(2015a) Structural relationships between quality, satisfaction, and behavioral intentions in rural responsible tourism: moderating effects of age. Korean J Community Living Sci 26(3), 523-540 crossref(new window)

Kim KH, Lee SM(2015b) Segmenting responsible tourists by motivation -focusing on domestic tourism-. J Agricult Extension Community Dev 22(3), 245- 260 crossref(new window)

Kozak M(2001) Repeaters' behavior at two distinct destinations. Ann Tourism Res 28(3), 784-807 crossref(new window)

Lau AL, McKercher B(2004) Exploration versus acquisition: a comparison of first-time and repeat visitors. J Travel Res 42(3), 279-285 crossref(new window)

Lee HC(2004) Determinants of demand for rural tourism: estimating participation and consumption. Korean J Agr Econ 45(4), 53-78

Lee HS, Lim JH(2008) SPSS 14.0 Manual. PaJu: Bobmunsa

Lee JK, Han KH, Kim JA(2013) A comparative study on the motivation & behavioral Intentions according to visit experience of tourism -comparison between first-time visitors and repeat visitors. Tourism Stud 28(3), 269-289

Lee YJ(1991) Multivariate analysis using SPSS PC. Seoul: Sukjung

Lue CC, Crompton JL, Fesenmaier DR(1993) Conceptualization of multi-destination pleasure trips. Ann Tourism Res 20(2), 289-301 crossref(new window)

Mahrouse G(2011) Feel-good tourism: an ethical option for socially-conscious Westerners?. Int E-J Crit Geograph 10(3), 372-391

Manente M, Minghetti V, Mingotto E(2012) Ranking assessment systems for responsible tourism products and corporate social responsibility practices. Anatolia 23(1), 75-8 crossref(new window)

Mannell R, Iso-Ahola SE(1987) Psychological nature of leisure and tourism experience. Ann Tourism Res 14, 314-331 crossref(new window)

Mansfeld Y(1992) From motivation to actual travel. Ann Tourism Res 19(3), 399-419 crossref(new window)

Mayo EJ, Jarvis LP(1981) The psychology of leisure travel. Effective marketing and selling of travel services. Boston: CBI Publishing Company, Inc.

McKercher B, Wong DY(2004) Understanding tourism behavior: examining the combined effects of prior visitation history and destination status. J Travel Res 43(2), 171-179 crossref(new window)

Mehmetoglu M(2007) Typologising nature-based tourists by activity -theoretical and practical implications. Tourism Manage 28(3), 651-660 crossref(new window)

Mill Rc, Morrison AM(1985) The tourism system: an introductory text. New Jersey: Prenrice Hall

Mody M, Day J, Sydnor S, Jaffe W, Lehto X(2014) The different shades of responsibility: examining domestic and international travelers' motivations for responsible tourism in India. Tourism Manage Perspect 12, 113- 124 crossref(new window)

Moscardo G, Morrison AM, Pearce PL, Lang CT, O'Leary JT(1996) Understanding vacation destination choice through travel motivation and activities. J Vacation Mark 2(2), 109-122 crossref(new window)

Nielsen (2012) The global, socially conscious consumer. Available from /reports/2012/the-global—socially-conscious-consumer.html [cited 2015 December 16]

Oh HC, Uysal M, Weaver PA(1995) Product bundles and market segments based on travel motivations: a canonical correlation approach. Int J Hosp Manage 14(2), 123-137 crossref(new window)

Ooi N, Laing JH(2010) Backpacker tourism: sustainable and purposeful? Investigating the overlap between backpacker tourism and volunteer tourism motivations. J Sus Tourism 18(2), 191-206 crossref(new window)

Oppermann M(1997) First-time and repeat visitors to New Zealand. Tourism Manage 18(3), 177-181 crossref(new window)

Oppermann M(1998) Destination threshold potential and the law of repeat visitation. J Travel Res 37(2), 131-137 crossref(new window)

Park DB, Kim KH(2011) Structural relationships among rural tourism motivation, satisfaction, and loyalty including the moderating effects of gender. Korean J Community Living Sci 22(2), 283-298 crossref(new window)

Park DB, Kim KH, Yoon YS(2010) Service quality satisfaction according to farm stay visitors preferences and segmentation by motivation. Korean J Community Living Sci 21(2), 163-177

Park DB, Yoon YS(2009) Segmentation by motivation in rural tourism: a Korean case study. Tourism Manage 30(1), 99-108 crossref(new window)

Pearce PL, Lee UI(2005) Developing the travel career approach to tourist motivation. J Travel Res 43(3), 226-237 crossref(new window)

Petrick JF, Backman SJ(2002) An examination of the construct of perceived value for the prediction of golf travelers' intentions to revisit. J Travel Res 41(1), 38-45 crossref(new window)

Pritchard MP(2003) The attitudinal and behavioral consequences of destination performance. Tourism Anal 8(1), 61-73 crossref(new window)

Reid LJ, Reid SD(1994) Communicating tourism supplier services: building repeat visitor relationships. J Travel Tour Mark 2(2-3), 3-19 crossref(new window)

Responsible Travel(2015) Travel guides. Available from [cited 2015 December 1]

Smith VL(1990) Alternative/responsible tourism seminar. Ann Tourism Res 17(3), 479-480 crossref(new window)

Spenceley A, Relly P, Keyser H, Warmeant P, McKenzie M, Mataboge A(2002) Responsible tourism manual for South Africa. Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism

Um S, Crompton JL(1990) Attitude determinants in tourism destination choice. Ann Tourism Res 17(3), 432-448 crossref(new window)

Uysal M, Gahan L, Martin BS(1993) An examination of event motivations: a case study. Festival Manage Event Tour 1(1), 5-10

Weeden C(2002) Ethical tourism: an opportunity for competitive advantage?. J Vacation Mark 8(2), 141-153 crossref(new window)

World Tourism Market Responsible Tourism(2013) About WTM responsible tourism. Available from[cited 2015 December 16]

Yoon Y, Uysal M(2005) An examination of the effects of motivation and satisfaction on destination loyalty: a structural model. Tourism Manage 26(1), 45-56 crossref(new window)