Advanced SearchSearch Tips
First Report of Leaf Spot of Datura metel Caused by Alternaria tenuissima in Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Research in Plant Disease
  • Volume 21, Issue 4,  2015, pp.330-333
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Plant Pathology
  • DOI : 10.5423/RPD.2015.21.4.330
 Title & Authors
First Report of Leaf Spot of Datura metel Caused by Alternaria tenuissima in Korea
Aktaruzzaman, Md.; Kim, Joon-Young; Afroz, Tania; Kim, Byung-Sup;
  PDF(new window)
In June 2013, we collected leaf spot disease samples of Datura metel from Gangneung, Gangwon Province, Korea. The symptoms observed were small circular to oval dark brown spots with irregular in shape or remained circular with concentric rings. We isolated the pathogen from infected leaves and cultured the fungus on potato dextrose agar. We examined the fungus morphologically and confirmed its pathogenicity according to Koch`s postulates. The results of morphological examinations, pathogenicity tests, and the rDNA sequences of the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS1 and ITS4), glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH) and the RNA polymerase II second largest subunit (RPB2) gene sequence revealed that the causal agent was Alternaria tenuissima. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of leaf spot of D. metel caused by A. tenuissima in Korea as well as worldwide.
Alternaria tenuissima;Devil`s trumpet;Leaf spot;Pathogenicity;
 Cited by
First Report of Leaf Spot Caused by Alternaria tenuissima on Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) in Korea,;;;;;

Mycobiology, 2016. vol.44. 3, pp.187-190 crossref(new window)
First Report of Leaf Spot Caused byAlternaria tenuissimaon Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) in Korea, Mycobiology, 2016, 44, 3, 187  crossref(new windwow)
Ali, A. N., Ali, N., Al-rahwil, K. and Lindequist, U. 2004. Some medicinal plants used in Yemeni herbal medicine to treat Malaria. Afr. J. Tradit. Complem. 1: 72-76.

Berbee, M. L., Pirseyedi, M. and Hubbard, S. 1999. Cochliobolus phylogenetics and the origin of known, highly virulent pathogens, inferred from ITS and glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene sequences. Mycologia 91: 964-977. crossref(new window)

Cusido, R. M., Palazon, J., Pinol, M., Bonfill, M. and Morales, C. 1999. Datura metel: in vitro production of tropane alkaloids. Planta Medica 65: 144-148. crossref(new window)

Dabur, R., Ali, M., Singh, H., Gupta, J. and Sharma, G. 2004. A novel antifungal pyrrole derivative from Datura metel leaves. Pharmazie 59: 568-570.

Farr, D. F. and Rossman, A. Y. 2015. Fungal databases. Systematic Mycology & Microbiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Retrieved June 22, 2015, from

Fuentes, V. 1980. Solanaceas de Cuba I Datura L. Rev. Jard. Bot. Nac. Cuba 1: 61-81.

Islam, M. S., Rahman, M. M., Alam, M. J., Nurunnahar, Parvez, M. S., Anisuzzaman, M. and Alam, M. F. 2008. Screening of antitumor activity of Datura metel L. using potato disc bioassay. Plant Environ. Dev. 2: 87-92.

Kagalea, S., Marimuthua, T., Thayumanavanb, B., Nandakumara, R. and Samiyappana, R. 2004. Antimicrobial activity and induction of systemic resistance in rice by leaf extract of Datura metel against Rhizoctonia solani and Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 65: 91-100. crossref(new window)

Li, Y., Zhang, D., Xu, W., Wu, Z., Guo, M. and Cao, A. 2011. Alternaria tenuissima causing leaf spot and fruit rot on pepper (Capsicum annuum): first report in China. New Dis. Rep. 24: 3. crossref(new window)

Liu, Y. J., Whelen, S. and Hall, B. D. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships among ascomycetes: evidence from an RNA polymerase II subunit. Mol. Biol. Evol. 16: 1799-1808. crossref(new window)

Moosavi, M. R. 2012. Nematicidal effect of some herbal powders and their aqueous extracts against Meloidogyne javanica. Nematropica 42: 48-56.

Nasehi, A., Kadir, J. B., Abidin, M. A. Z., Wong, M. Y. and Mahmodi, F. 2012. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing leaf spot on eggplant in Malaysia. Plant Dis. 96: 1226.

Nazeema, B. B., Julie, J., Abirami, J., Kumareasan, R., Muthukumaran, T., Rajasree, S., Jeya, J. K. and Kumaran, S. 2014. Anti-cancer activity of Datura metel on MCF-7 cell line. Asian J. Pharmaceutic. Clinic. Res. 7: 181-183.

Satina, S. and Avery, A. G. 1959. A review of the taxonomy history of Datura. In: Blakeslee: the Genus Datura, eds. by A. G. Avery, S. Satina and J. Rietsema, pp. 16-47. Ronald Press, New York.

Simmons, E. G. 2007. Alternaria: An identification manual. CBS Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 775 pp.

Siva, S. S., Saranraj, P. and Geetha, M. 2011. Antibacterial evaluation and phytochemical screening of Datura metel leaf extracts against bacterial pathogens. Int. J. Pharm. Bio. Arch. 2: 1130-1136.

Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., Filipski, A. and Kumar, S. 2013. MEGA6: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0. Mol. Biol. Evol. 30: 2725-2729. crossref(new window)

White, T. J., Bruns, T., Lee, S. and Taylor, J. 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications, eds. by M. A. Innis, D. H. Gelfand, J. J. Sninsky, and T. J. White, pp. 315-322. Academic Press Inc, New York, USA.

You, M. P., Lanoiselet, V., Wang, C. P. and Barbetti, M. J. 2014. First report of Alternaria leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima on blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) in Western Australia. Plant Dis. 98: 423.

Yu, S. H. 2001. Korean species of Alternaria and Stemphylium. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Suwon, pp. 100-106. (In Korean)

Zheng, H. H. and Wu, X. H. 2013. First report of Alternaria blight of potato caused by Alternaria tenuissima in China. Plant Dis. 97: 1246.