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Distribution of Bacterial Angular Leaf Spot of Strawberry and Characterization of Xanthomonas fragariae Strains from Korea
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  • Journal title : Research in Plant Disease
  • Volume 22, Issue 1,  2016, pp.9-17
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Plant Pathology
  • DOI : 10.5423/RPD.2016.22.1.9
 Title & Authors
Distribution of Bacterial Angular Leaf Spot of Strawberry and Characterization of Xanthomonas fragariae Strains from Korea
Yoon, Myung-Ju; Myung, Inn-Shik; Lee, Jae-Yeon; Kim, You-Shin; Lee, Yong-Hwan; Kim, Dae-Young; Lee, Young-Ki;
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Nationwide survey for angular leaf spot (ALS) of strawberry caused by Xanthomonas fragariae, a quarantine disease in Korea, was performed in November 2012. In the survey, ALS was observed in eighty eight farmers' fields of Sukok, Jinju and Okjong, Hadong in Gyeongnam Province, and one field in Namwon of Jeollabuk Province. The infected field of Namwon closed immediately after the disease diagnosed ALS. In detailed survey of Sukok and Okjong areas during February 2012 to January 2015, ALS occurrence decreased from 45% farmer's fields on December 2012 to 5% on January 2015, and from 38% on November 2013 to 5% on January 2015, respectively. Phenotypic characteristics of the Korean strains were similar to those of the type strain of X. fragariae. A multilocus sequence analysis of Korean strains of X. fragariae was conducted using four genes; dnaK, fyuA, gyrB, and rpoD. All the Korean strains had the same sequences of the four genes. The concatenated sequences of the Korean strains shared 100% with that of the type strain of X. fragariae. All strawberry cultivars tested were susceptible to the strains of X. fragariae two weeks after inoculation. The inoculated sites were necrosis and expanded, which were rated 4 based on evaluation of inoculation site.
Angular leaf spot;Characteristics;Distribution;Strawberry;Xanthomonas fragariae;
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