Physiological Functions of Lactic Acid Bacteria Fermented Broth Containing Fagopyrum esculentum and Saccharina japonica Jeon, Sung-Jong; Kim, Ae-Ryoung; Lee, Jong-Hwan;
In this study, we investigated the potential of Lactobacillus brevis AR1 fermented broth containing various grains (Fagopyrum esculentum, Scotch oat, Sesamum indicum, Glycine max Merr, Castanea crenata, Oryza sativa L., Hordeum vulgare L., Perilla frutescens var. japonica Hara, or Triticum aestivum L.) or Saccharina japonica as a source of collagen synthesis in cosmetic products. The treatment of Lb. brevis AR1 fermented broths containing F. esculentum or S. japonica water extracts was markedly increased the synthesis of collagen in fibroblasts. The collagen synthesis capacity of the S. japonica fermentation product was higher than that of β-glucan, which was used as a positive control. Under controlled conditions in broths containing F. esculentum or the S. japonica extracts with 4% monosodium glutamate (MSG), Lb. brevis AR1 produced γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) at a concentration of 180 mM, with an 84.5% GABA conversion rate after 72 h. Both the F. esculentum and S. japonica fermentation broths produced by Lb. brevis AR1 reduced inflammatory responses on mouse skin and did not show cell cytotoxicity in fibroblasts. These results suggest that both the F. esculentum and S. japonica fermentation products of Lb. brevis AR1 could be used as functional materials in cosmetic products to combat wrinkles and skin inflammation.