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Antioxidant Effect of Nelumbo nucifera G. Leaf Extract and Inhibition of MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2, and Tyrosinase Expression in a B16F10 Melanoma Cell Line
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  • Journal title : Journal of Life Science
  • Volume 25, Issue 10,  2015, pp.1115-1123
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Life Science
  • DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.10.1115
 Title & Authors
Antioxidant Effect of Nelumbo nucifera G. Leaf Extract and Inhibition of MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2, and Tyrosinase Expression in a B16F10 Melanoma Cell Line
Yoo, Dan-Hee; Joo, Da-Hye; Lee, Soo-Yeon; Lee, Jin-Young;
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 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of Nelumbo nucifera G. leaf (NNL) extract as a cosmetic additive. The electron-donating ability of the NNL extract at a concentration of 1,000 μg/ml was 67.83%. In xanthine oxidase, the inhibition effect of the NNL extract was 92.7% at the same concentration. For whitening effects, tyrosinase inhibition effect of NNL extract was 42.7% at a 1,000 μg/ml concentration. The cell toxicity of the NNL extract was examined in melanoma cells (B16F10) using a 3-[4, 5–dimethyl–thiazol–2–yl]-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) assay. The cell toxicity assay revealed that the NNL extract had a toxicity of 81.61% at a concentration of 1,000 μg/ml The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase related protein-1 (TRP-1), tyrosinase related protein-2 (TRP-2), and tyrosinase protein expression inhibitory effect by Western blot of NNL extract were measured by a Western blot at concentrations of 25, 50, and 100 μg/ml. At a 100 μg/ml concentration of the NNL extract, the expression of the MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2, and tyrosinase protein was decreased by 69.59%, 27.74%, 67.33%, and 67.78% respectively. The MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2 and tyrosinase mRNA expression inhibitory effect were measured by reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (PCR) at concentrations of 25, 50, and 100 μg/ml. GAPDH was used as a positive control. At a concentration of 100 μg/ml of the NNL extract, the expression of MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2, and tyrosinase mRNA was decreased by 67.51%, 71.36%, 85.74%, and 83.64%, respectively. These findings suggest that the NNL extract has antioxidant and whitening effects and that it has great potential as a cosmetic ingredient.
 Keywords
Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor;Nelumbo nucifera G. leaf;tyrosinase;tyrosinase related protein-1;tyrosinase related protein-2;
 Language
Korean
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