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Study of the Status of Naturalized Plants in Busan City, South Korea
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  • Journal title : Journal of Life Science
  • Volume 25, Issue 11,  2015, pp.1244-1254
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Life Science
  • DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.11.1244
 Title & Authors
Study of the Status of Naturalized Plants in Busan City, South Korea
Lee, Chang-Woo; Cho, Hye-Jeong; Kang, Min-Jung; Huh, Man-Kyu; Hwang, In-Chun; Choi, Byoung-Ki;
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Naturalized plants were identified and recorded in Busan city based on field surveys and related literature. These plants consisted of 156 taxa in total, belonging to 31 families, 95 genera, 147 species, and 9 varieties. The Compositae had the highest diversity among 31 families, with 44 taxa, followed by Gramineae, with 24 taxa, and Leguminosae, with 10 taxa Among the plants, 68.6% (107 taxa) were annuals and biennials, and 30.1% (47 taxa) were perennials. There was one shrub (Amorpha fruticosa) and one tree (Robinia pseudoacacia). Naturalized degree 5 plants, as common and abundant plant, founded 26 taxa (96.3%) were most highly ratio from Korean naturalized plants. According to the results of the analysis based on place of origin, 50 (32.1%) taxa were from Europe, and 48 (30.8%) taxa were from North America. Epecophyten was the most common of the naturalized plants, with 123 taxa Sixty-six (42.3%) taxa were introduced during period 1, and 15 (9.6%) were introduced during period 4. Ergasiophygophyten (50.6%) and Kenophyten (32.1%) were the dominant plants in these introduction periods. In conclusion, Busan city acts as a conduit for the introduction of naturalized plants. A sustainable management and monitoring strategy may be needed to prevent the introduction and naturalization of plants.
Exotic plant;invasive alien species;phytogeography;species pool;
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