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The Effects of the Fruits of Foeniculum vulgare on Skin Barrier Function and Hyaluronic Acid Production in HaCaT Keratinocytes
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  • Journal title : Journal of Life Science
  • Volume 25, Issue 8,  2015, pp.880-888
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Life Science
  • DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.880
 Title & Authors
The Effects of the Fruits of Foeniculum vulgare on Skin Barrier Function and Hyaluronic Acid Production in HaCaT Keratinocytes
Yu, Hak Yin; Yang, In Jun; Lincha, V.R; Park, In Sik; Lee, Dong-Ung; Shin, Heung Mook;
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Foeniculum vulgare (FV) has long been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. In addition, it is usually known as an important medicinal and aromatic plant widely used as a carminative, digestive, lactogogue, and diuretic, and for treating respiratory and gastrointestinal disorders. The skin barrier protects against the invasion of pathogens, fends off chemical and physical assaults, and protects against extensive water loss. In this study, the effects of solvent-fractionated FV fruits on strengthening the skin barrier and maintaining moisture, as well as their antifungal activity, were investigated in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells. The expression of involucrin, loricrin, filaggrin, hyaluronic acid synthase, human β defensin, and cathelicidin genes and proteins was measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting. The production of hyaluronic acid was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The butanol fraction increased the expression of involucrin and filaggrin. Both the ethyl acetate and the butanol fractions increased hyaluronic acid production by promoting the expression of hyaluronic acid synthase-1. Although the antimicrobial peptides were increased by FV crude extract and its fractions, the samples did not show a significant effect compared to the normal group. These results suggest that the butanol fraction of FV could be very useful in cosmetics for the treatment of dermatological diseases.
Cornified envelopment peptide;Foeniculum vulgare;HaCaT cell;hyaluronic acid;skin barrier function;
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