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NMDA (n-methyl-d-aspartate) Change Expression Level of Transcription Factors (Egr-1, c-jun, Junb, Fosb) mRNA in the Cerebellum Tissue of Balb/c Mouse
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  • Journal title : Journal of Life Science
  • Volume 25, Issue 9,  2015, pp.1043-1050
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Life Science
  • DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1043
 Title & Authors
NMDA (n-methyl-d-aspartate) Change Expression Level of Transcription Factors (Egr-1, c-jun, Junb, Fosb) mRNA in the Cerebellum Tissue of Balb/c Mouse
Ha, Jong-Su; Kim, Jae-Wha; Song, Jae-Chan;
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Glutamate is one of the principle transmitters in the CNS. Ionotropic receptors of glutamate, selectively activated by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), play an important role in the processes of cell development, learning, memory, and etc. On the other hand, many studies discovered that over-activation of glutamate receptors leads to neurodegeneration and are known to be implicated in major areas of brain pathology. Any sustained effect of a transient NMDA receptor activation is likely to involve signaling to the nucleus and to trigger coordinated changes in gene expression. Classically, a set of immediate-early genes are induced first; some of genes are by themselves transcription factors that control expression of other target genes. This study provides understanding of changes of inducible transcription factors mRNA levels with RT-PCR by inducing over-activation of NMDA receptor with intraperitoneal NMDA injection. The experimental conditions were varied by 1, 5, 25, and 125 g/ of body weight NMDA and measured transcription factors mRNA levels are Egr-1, c-Jun, JunB, and FosB. Based on result obtained, inducible transcription factors mRNA in NMDA injection to mice with 5 g/body weight showed the greatest change. And ITF mRNA showed greatest change 24 hr after injection. The expression level of JunB mRNA was markedly changed. Up to the present days, no study clearly understood how ITF mRNA affected the apoptosis of purkinje cells in the cerebellum. The current study improves the understanding of the mechanism of apoptosis of purkinje cells in the cerebellum.
Inducible transcription factors;mRNA level;neurodegeneration;NMDA;over-activation;
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