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Extract from Eucheuma cottonii Induces Apoptotic Cell Death on Human Osteosarcoma Saos-2 Cells via Caspase Cascade Apoptosis Pathway
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  • Journal title : Journal of Life Science
  • Volume 26, Issue 2,  2016, pp.147-154
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Life Science
  • DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.2.147
 Title & Authors
Extract from Eucheuma cottonii Induces Apoptotic Cell Death on Human Osteosarcoma Saos-2 Cells via Caspase Cascade Apoptosis Pathway
Kang, Chang-Won; Kang, Min-Jae; Kim, Kyong Rok; Kim, Nan-Hee; Seo, Yong Bae; Kang, Keon-Hee; Kim, Sang-Ho; Kim, Gun-Do;
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Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common and malignant bone tumors. Although many types of resection surgery and experimental agents were developed, median survival and clinical prognosis are poorly investigated. Recently, several researches have reported that Eucheuma cottonii has potent as protective effects of coal dust-induced lung damage via inhibition of malondialdehyde (MDA) and oxidative stress in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF). However, anti-cancer effects and specific molecular mechanism of extract from Eucheuma cottonii (EE) has not been clearly studied yet. This study evaluated that anti-cancer potential of EE in human osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells. EE indicated cytotoxicity on Saos-2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Morphological degradation and nucleic condensation were also observed under the EE treatment. However, it did not significantly affect on non-cancerous kidney HEK-293 cells under the same concentration which is shown cytotoxicity on Saos-2 cells. The phosphorylation of Fas-Associated Death Domain (FADD) and expression of cleaved caspase-8, -7 and -3 were upregulated in a dose-dependent manner. In immunofluorescence staining, expression level of Fas and cleaved PARP were upregulated by EE treatment. Furthermore, treatment of EE induces upregulation of sub G1 phase by flow cytometry analysis. The results demonstrated that EE has a therapeutic potential against osteosarcoma via FADD mediated caspase cascade apoptosis signal pathway.
Apoptosis;Eucheuma cottonii;FADD;Saos-2 cells;sub G1 phase;
 Cited by
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