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Characterization of β-agarase from Isolated Simiduia sp. SH-4
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  • Journal title : Journal of Life Science
  • Volume 26, Issue 4,  2016, pp.453-459
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Life Science
  • DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.453
 Title & Authors
Characterization of β-agarase from Isolated Simiduia sp. SH-4
Kim, Jae-Deog; Lee, Sol-Ji; Jo, Jeong-Gwon; Lee, Dong-Geun; Lee, Sang-Hyeon;
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 Abstract
Agarases are classified into α-agarase and β-agarase that produce agarooligosaccharides and neoagarooligosaccharides, respectively. Neoagarooligosaccharides have whitening effect of skin, delay of starch degradation, and inhibition of bacterial growth etc. Hence, the object of this study was to isolate a novel agarase producing marine bacterium and characterization of its β-agarase. A novel agar-degrading bacterium was isolated from seashore of Namhae at Gyeongnamprovine, Korea and purely cultured with Marine agar 2216 media. The isolated bacterium was identified as Simiduia sp. SH-4 after 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The enzymatic sample was obtained from culture media of Simiduia sp. SH-4. Enzymatic activity was highly increased from 20(30% relative activity) to 30℃ (100%) and decreased from 30 to 40℃(75%) and so more. Relative activity was 100% at pH 6 while those were about 91% and 59% at pH 5.0 and 7.0, respectively, meaning the enzyme possesses narrow optimal pH range. Hence, the enzyme exhibited the maximal activity with 120.4 units/l at pH 6.0 and 30℃ in 20 mM Tris-HCl buffer. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) analysis showed that Simiduia sp. SH-4 produces β-agarase, which hydrolyze agarose to produce biofunctional neoagarooligosaccharides such as neoagarotetraose and neoagarobiose. Hence, broad applications would be possible using Simiduia sp. SH-4 and its enzyme in the food industry, cosmetics and medical fields.
 Keywords
β-Agarase;marine bacterium;neoagarobiose;neoagarotetraose;Simiduia sp. SH-4;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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