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Development of an Onion Vinegar Beverage Containing Yuza (Citrus junos Sieb ex Tanaka) and Its Biological Activity
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  • Journal title : Journal of Life Science
  • Volume 26, Issue 5,  2016, pp.563-570
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Life Science
  • DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.5.563
 Title & Authors
Development of an Onion Vinegar Beverage Containing Yuza (Citrus junos Sieb ex Tanaka) and Its Biological Activity
Jeong, Eun-Jeong; Cha, Yong-Jun;
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 Abstract
Onion vinegar has an undesirable flavor and taste that results from alcohol and acetic acid production from fermentation. In this study, we have used onion vinegar to develop an onion vinegar beverage with better sensory quality. The objective of this study was to determine the optimum blending ratio by using response surface methods to produce an onion vinegar beverage containing Yuza (Citrus junos Sieb ex Tanaka). The optimal formula for a fermented onion beverage was determined using a central composite design by the response surface methodology. The independent variables were obtained by regression analysis of the reaction surface of brown sugar, apple extracts and Yuza extracts. The optimum mixing ratio for onion vinegar:water:brown sugar:apple extracts:Yuza extracts was 6.0:77.6:4.9:9.2:2.3 (w/w). The actual overall acceptance was 7.08 under optimum conditions, which was close to the maximum predicted value of 6.96. The concentration of phenolic compounds, total flavonoids, and quercetin present in the onion vinegar beverage was 14.8 mg/100 g, 2.6 mg/100 g and 1.4 mg/100 g, respectively. The onion vinegar beverage showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium and Enterobacter aerogenes. It also showed antioxidant effects, with a DPPH radical inhibition rate of 18.2% and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity of 11.5%. In conclusion, the onion vinegar beverage described here seems to have nutritional value and potential biological activity.
 Keywords
Biological activities;onion vinegar;phenolic compound;total flavonoid;quercetin;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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