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The Detection and Diagnosis Methods of Infectious Viroids caused Plant Diseases
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  • Journal title : Journal of Life Science
  • Volume 26, Issue 5,  2016, pp.620-631
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Life Science
  • DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.5.620
 Title & Authors
The Detection and Diagnosis Methods of Infectious Viroids caused Plant Diseases
Lee, Se Hee; Kim, Yang-Hoon; Ahn, Ji-Young;
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Viroids are about 250-400 base pair of short single strand RNA fragments have been associated with economically important plant diseases. Due to the lack of protein expression capacity associated with replication, it is very difficult to diagnosis viroid diseases in serological methods. For detecting viroid at plants, molecular-based techniques such as agarose gel electrophoresis, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), DNA-hybridization, blotting analysis and conventional RT-PCR are reliable. Real-time RT-PCR methods that grafted on RT-PCR methods with improved confirmation methods have been also utilized. However, they are still labor-intensive, time-consuming, and require personnel with expertise. Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) method is a nucleic acid amplification method under the isothermal condition. The LAMP methodology has been reported to be simple, rapid, sensitive and field applicable in detecting a variety of pathogens. The results of LAMP method can be colorized by adding a visible material such as SYBR green I, Evagreen, Calcein, Berberine and Hydroxy naphthol blue (HNB) with simple equipment or naked eyes. The combination of LAMP method and nucleic pathogens, viroids, can be used to realize simple diagnosis platform for the genetic point-of care testing system. The aim at this review is to summary viroid-caused diseases and the simple visible approach for diagnosing viroids using Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) method.
Diagnosis;Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP);plant disease;RNA infectious agents;viroid;
 Cited by
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