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Current status and prospects of genomics and bioinformatics in grapes
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  • Journal title : Journal of Plant Biotechnology
  • Volume 42, Issue 4,  2015, pp.298-311
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology
  • DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2015.42.4.298
 Title & Authors
Current status and prospects of genomics and bioinformatics in grapes
Hur, Youn Young; Jung, Sung Min; Yun, Hae Keun;
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Grape is one of the important fruit crops around the world, and exposed to disease and pests, and internal or environmental stresses in the vineyards. Breeding and cultivation of new varieties of high quality-grapes resistant to diseases and pests and tolerant to stresses are the most important steps in the grape production. However, conventional breeding has laborious and time-consuming procedures in maintaining and selecting seedlings in the fields. Development of molecular breeding technology through understanding of molecular mechanism of useful traits can be used as an alternative strategy to improve the efficiency of grape breeding program by cross hybridization in grape development programs. The completion of the grape genome sequencing project provided the way to discover the novel genes and to analyze their functions. Comparative genomics, transcriptomic analysis, and the genome-wide identification and analysis of useful genes as well as development of molecular marker for valuable traits could provide novel insights into fruit quality and the responses to diseases and stresses, and can be used as important information in molecular breeding programs for grape development.
Grape;Genome;Transcriptome;Molecular Markers;Genetic Map;Molecular Breeding;
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