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Micropropagation of Aronia (Aronia melaocarpa Elliot, black chokeberry) and its 5 varieties
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  • Journal title : Journal of Plant Biotechnology
  • Volume 42, Issue 4,  2015, pp.380-387
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology
  • DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2015.42.4.380
 Title & Authors
Micropropagation of Aronia (Aronia melaocarpa Elliot, black chokeberry) and its 5 varieties
Kwak, Myoung-Chul; Choi, Chung-Ho; Choi, Yong-Eui; Moon, Heung-Kyu;
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Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa, Black chokeberry) is an important cash crop in domestic agriculture. We investigated the effects of plant growth regulators on shoot proliferation and rooting using in vitro tissue culture. The most effective shoot multiplication was observed on WPM (woody plant medium) supplemented with 1.0 mg/L zeatin ( shoots/explant), while the highest rooting rate was obtained from half-strength WPM with 3.0 mg/L IBA (8.8 roots/explant). The rooted plantlets all survived in the artificial soil mixture (with a mixture of peat moss : perlite : vermiculite, 1:1:1, v/v/v) and grew up relatively uniform, ranging from 14 to 16 leaves, 8 to 10 cm in stem height, and 2.3 to 2.8 mm in stem diameter. While experimenting with 5 different varieties of Aronia, we found out that each variety had different characteristics of shoot proliferation and rooting. The total numbers of proliferated shoots per variety is as follows: for Nero, 14 to 15 for Purple and Mackenzie, and 10 for both Viking and Odamamachiko. Rooting rates were also various depending on the variety: 88% of Odamamachiko, 80% of Viking and Purple, and 76% of Nero and 60% of Mackenzie shoots rooted. The survival rate of the rooted plantlets was from 92% to 100%, varying by type. Further growth appeared to be better in auxin-treated plantlets, compared to untreated ones. Our results showed the possibility of establishing an effective in vitro micropropagation system for Aronia melanocarpa.
shoot proliferation;rooting;soil acclimatization;mass propagation;
 Cited by
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