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A Study on the Characteristics of Male`s and Female`s Spatial Composition of the Upper Class Houses in Gyong-gi Province in the Late of the Chosun Dynasty
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 Title & Authors
A Study on the Characteristics of Male`s and Female`s Spatial Composition of the Upper Class Houses in Gyong-gi Province in the Late of the Chosun Dynasty
Park, Hyung-Jin;
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 Abstract
The spatial separation of male`s and female`s area due to the law of `Naeoei` is one of the trademark features of residence by the building principle of `Confucianism` in the upper class house in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. Thanks to modernized agriculture and commerce, the residence of `Sinheung-Yangban` developed. And they were influenced by the economic and living characteristics than traditional custom. So the residence of `Sinheung-Yangban` is very important in terms of the course of modernizing of the korean traditional residence. Researcher figures out the influences of the law of `Naeoei` in residence and the characteristics of male`s and female`s field in terms of daily life with investigating the residence of `Sinheung-Yangban` as the upper class house in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. Through this, the goal of this study is to find the properties of male`s and female`s field of upper class houses in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. With this study, the followings are the characteristics of male`s and female`s spatial composition of upper class houses in Gyong-gi Province in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. First, the traditional law of `Naeoei` plays a primary role as the principle of building of upper class houses in Gyong-gi Province in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. With a natural result, there is a clear spatial separation as the male`s and female`s social role. Second, `An-Chae` and `Sarang-Chae` as male`s and female`s living space are separated physically, but real living life tends to be syntagmatically made with `An-Madang` as the center. Third, spatial integration of `An-Madang` as the center results in the development of architectural connection factors of `An-Chae` and `BaKat-Chae` adjoining `An-Madang`, facing `Toei-Gan`, `Maru`, and `door`. Forth, the boundary of male`s and female`s areas is relatively clear between dwellers and visitors, but on the other hand, the separation of male`s and female`s spaces between family members has little significance.
 Keywords
Gyong-gi Province;Upper Class House;Mael`s and Female`s Spatial Composition;
 Language
Korean
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