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A Study on the Christianization of Roman Basilica and Romanization of Christian Building on the Early Christian Church Architecture - Focused on the 4th Century Constantinus Basilica Churches -
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 Title & Authors
A Study on the Christianization of Roman Basilica and Romanization of Christian Building on the Early Christian Church Architecture - Focused on the 4th Century Constantinus Basilica Churches -
Hong, Soon-Myung;
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 Abstract
This study which analyzed 4th century Constantinus basilica church architecture is on how the Roman basilica architecture became to christianized and christian architecture became romanized. Basilica architecture of Rome which has strong public characteristic had approach from various direction, especially it has formed inter communicable open space to center forum. Even though, the early christian church has became to bigger size on the process of domus ecclesia centered growth, but it has formed essencially unhierarchy community of home based, it also seemed to have loose religious community below hundred. The result of analyzing 22 of 4 century basilica churches had been shown that more than 60% of them were built on historical place such as tomb of martyr, nearly 70% of them were long axis type, the size of church showed up of average total area. In conclusion, this study concluded the result of christianized showed closeness pursue holiness by separation from the secular world, and long axis it was revealed as mass for the procession ceremony of catholic church. The result of romanized occurred from the process that the basilica church abandoned the unhierarchy, small sizing, worship simplicity of early domus ecclesia characteristics and accept hierarchy, big sizing, worship formalism and complexity of Roman empire system in the roman basilica churches. Through this study it could be grasp that the romanized of early christianity bring not only the change of church architecture but also degeneration of christian itself.
 Keywords
Basilica Church;Christianization;Romanization;
 Language
Korean
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