Lesch M, Nyhan WL : A familial disorder of uric acid metabolism and central nervous system function. Am J Med, 36:561-570, 1964.
Cusumano FJ, Penna KJ, Panossian G : Prevention of self-mutilation in patients with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, Review of literature. ASDC J Dent Child, 68:175-178, 2001.
Jenkins EA, Hallet RA, Hall RG : Lesch-Nyhan syndrome presenting with renal insufficiency in infancy and transient neonatal hypothyroidism. Br J Rheumatol, 5:392-396, 1996.
Chen LR, Liu JF : Successful treatment of selfinflicted oral mutilation using an acrylic splint retained by a headgear. Pediatr Dent, 18:408-410, 1996.
Nyhan WL, Wong DF : New approaches to understanding Lesch-Nyhan disease. N Eng J Med, 334:1602-1604, 1996.
전진용, 이제호, 최형준 등 : Lesch-Nyhan syndrome 환아의 oral self-mutilation에 대한 증례보고. 대한소아치과학회지, 26(1):151-156, 1999.
Turley PK, Henson JL : Self-injurious lip-biting: etiology and management. J Pedo, 7:209-220, 1983.
Shapira J, Zilberman Y, Becker A : Lesch-Nyhan syndrome: a nonextracting approach to prevent mutilation. Dental Health, 25:6-7, 1987.
Sugahara T, Mishima K, Mori Y : Lesch-Nyhan syndrome: successful prevention of lower lip ulceration caused by self-mutilation by use of mouth guard. Int J Oral Surg, 23:37-38, 1994.
Evans J, Sirikumara M, Gregory M : Lesch-Nyhan syndrome and the lower lip guard. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol, 76:437-440, 1993.
Macpherson DW, Wolford LM, Kortebein MJ : Orthognathic surgery for the treatment of chronic self-mutilation of the lips. Int J Oral Surg, 21:133- 136, 1992.
Seegmiller JE, Rosenbloom FM, Kelly WN : Enzyme defect associated with a sex-linked human neurological disorder and excessive purine synthesis. Science, 155:1682-1684, 1967.
Cusumano FJ, Penna KJ, Panossian G : Prevention of selfmutilation in patients with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome: review of literature. J Dent Child, 68:175-178, 2001.
Shoptaw JT, Reznik JI. Lesch-Nyhan syndrome : Report of three cases in one family. J Dent Child, 45:403-407, 1978.
Bundick J : Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. J Dent Child, 36:277-280, 1969.
Scully C : The orofacial manifestation of the Lesch- Nyhan syndrome. Int J Oral Surg, 10(5):380-383, 1981.
Fardi K, Topouzelis N, Kotsanos N : Lesch-Nyhan syndrome: a preventive approach to self-mutilation. Int J Pediatr Dent, 13:51-56, 2003.
Saemundsen SR, Roberts MW : Oral self-injurious behaviour in the developmentally disabled: Review and a case. ASDC J Dent Child, 64:205-209, 1997.
Benz CM, Reeka-Bartschmid AM, Agostini FG : Case report: the Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. Eur J Paediatr Dent, 5:110-114, 2004.
Cusumano FJ, Penna KJ, Panossian G : Prevention of selfmutilation in patients with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome: Review of literature. ASDC J Dent Child , 68:175-178, 2001.
Rashid N, Yusuf H : Oral self-mutilation by a 17- month-old child with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. Int J Pediatr Dent, 7:115-117, 1997.
김지희, 최병재, 김성오 등 : Lesch-Nyhan syndrome 증후군 환아의 자해에 의한 혀의 외상 : 대한소아치과학회지, 35(3):532-537, 2008.
R.G.E.C. Cauwels, L. C : Marten Self-multilation behaviour in Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. J Oral Pathol Med, 34:573-575, 2005.
Hall S, Oliver C, Murphy G : Self-injurious behaviour in young children with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. Dev Med Chil Neurol, 43:745-749, 2001.