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How do Lung Cancer Patients Experience Stigma?: A Meta-synthesis of Qualitative Studies
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
  • Volume 28, Issue 1,  2016, pp.116-126
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Adult Nursing
  • DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.1.116
 Title & Authors
How do Lung Cancer Patients Experience Stigma?: A Meta-synthesis of Qualitative Studies
Jeong, Ji Yeon; Jeong, Gyeonghui; So, Hyang Sook;
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Purpose: Lung cancer patients are often stigmatized since lung cancer is closely associated with smoking, which is a self-administered life style. The stigma of lung cancer has been examined in some qualitative studies; however, their findings were diverse and not yet synthesized. Therefore, this meta-synthesis study aimed to explore how lung cancer patients experience stigma. Methods: A meta-synthesis method, as suggested by Sandelowski and Barroso in 2007, was applied by aggregating the findings after an evaluation according to consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ). Results: By synthesizing the findings of the selected seven papers, a synthesized theme was emerged as "experiencing external and internal distances, which mandates authentic and consistent supports." The four sub-themes included `experiencing some distance from the surrounded world,` `experiencing self-made distance between the disease and oneself,` `the disease experience causes social isolation and loneliness,` and `there is lack of supportive care for myself.` Conclusion: Health care providers should be more attentive to supporting lung cancer patients by providing more effective advocacy programs that improve patients` quality of life.
Lung cancer;Stigma;Qualitative study;Meta-synthesis;
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