Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Sugar Contents Analysis of Retort Foods
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Sugar Contents Analysis of Retort Foods
Jeong, Da-Un; Im, Jun; Kim, Cheon-Hoe; Kim, Young-Kyoung; Park, Yoon-Jin; Jeong, Yoon-Hwa; Om, Ae-Son;
  PDF(new window)
The purpose of this study was to provide trustworthy nutritional information by analyzing sugar contents of commercial retort foods. A total of 70 retort food samples were collected, which included curry (n=21), blackbean- sauce (n=16), sauce (n=17), and meat (n=16) from markets in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Contents of sugars such as glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose, and lactose were analyzed in retort foods by using a high performance liquid chromatography-refractive index detector and compared to their assigned values on nutritional information labels. Analyzed sugar contents of curries, black-bean-sauces, sauces, and meats ranged from 1.05~4.63 g/100 g, 1.76~5.16 g/100 g, 0.35~25.44 g/100 g, and 1.98~11.07 g/100 g, respectively. Sauces were found to contain the highest amounts of total sugar. These analysis values were equivalent to the reference values indicated on nutrition labels, which were 40~119.5% for curries, 29~118% for black-bean-sauces, 18~118% for sauces, and 70~119.8% for meats. Therefore, this study provides reliable analytical values for sugar contents in retort foods.
retort food;total sugar content;nutrition label;analysis;
 Cited by
Mattews R, Pehrsson P, Farhat-Sabet M. 1987. Sugar content of selected foods: individual and total sugars. In Home Economics Research Report No. 48. U.S Department of Agriculture (USDA), Hyattsville, MD, USA. p 1.

Havel PJ. 2005. Dietary fructose: implications for dysregulation of energy homeostasis and lipid/carbohydrate metabolism. Nutr Rev 63: 133-157. crossref(new window)

Ahn BC, Joung H. 2005. Socioeconomic cost of obesity in Korea. Korean J Nutr 38: 786-792.

Choi HM. 2006. 21 Century nutrition. Kyomunsa, Paju, Korea. p 51.

Chung CE. 2007. Association of total sugar intakes and metabolic syndrome from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2002. Korean J Nutr 40: 29-38.

Lustig RH, Schmidt LA, Brindis CD. 2012. Public health: The toxic truth about sugar. Nature 482: 27-29. crossref(new window)

Nakamura J, Hamada Y, Sakakibara F, Hara T, Wakao T, Mori K, Nakashima E, Naruse K, Kamijo M, Koh N, Hotta N. 2001. Physiological and morphometric analyses of neuropathy in sucrose-fed OLETF rats. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 51: 9-20. crossref(new window)

Cho SH, Chung CE, Kim SH, Chung HK. 2007. Establishment of total sugar reference value for Koreans. Korean J Nutr 40: 3-8.

Welsh JA, Sharma A, Cunningham SA, Vos MB. 2011. Consumption of added sugars and indicators of cardiovascular disease risk among US adolescents. Circulation 123: 249-257. crossref(new window)

Chung SJ, Kim JH, Lee JS, Lee DH, Yu CH. 2004. A suggestion to develop a nutrition policy on food and nutrition labelling and education systems for fast food and carbonated soft drinks in Korea. Korean J Nutr 37: 394-405.

MHW. 2013. The sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [KNHANE VI-1]. Ministry of Health and Welfare, Sejong, Korea. p 48,50,54.

WHO. 2009. Population nutrient intake goals for preventing diet-related chronic disease. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. p 57.

USDA. 2011. Dietary guidelines for Americans 2010. Appendix 7. US Department of Agriculture. Washington, DC, USA. 2010/PolicyDoc/Appendices.pdf (accessed May 2015).

McLean-Meyinsse PE. 2001. An analysis of nutritional label use in the Southern United States. J Food Distribution Research 32: 110-114.

Lee MS. 2010. Lipid composition and differences in crude fat contents in wheat flour and dry noodles according to determination methods. Korean J Food & Nutr 23: 381-385.

KFDA. 2015. Korea Food and Drug Administration Notification No. 2015-20 revised; 2015. Korea Food and Drug Administration, Cheongju, Korea.

Kwon KL, Park SH, Lee JH, Kim JY, Yoo KS, Lee JS, Kim SY, Sung H, Nam HS, Kim JW, Lee HY, Park HK, Kim MC. 2007. Prevalence of nutrition labeling and claims on processed, and packaged foods. Korean J Community Nutr 12: 206-213.

Oh HS, Park HO. 2000. A study on dietary intakes of elementary school children according to school foodservice type in Won-Ju. Korean J Dietary Culture 15: 338-348.

Kim GH. 2007. Investigation of sugar contents in children's foods. Korea Food and Drug Administration Report, Seoul, Korea. p 7.

Park YG, Lee EM, Kim CS, Eom JH, Byun JA, Sun NK, Lee JH, Heo OS. 2010. Survey on the content and intake pattern of sugar from elementary and middle school foodservices in Daejeon and Chungcheong province. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 39: 1545-1554. crossref(new window)

Kim HY, Park SJ, Chung SY, Choi SH, Oh SW, Lee JS, Choi IS, Shin MS, Song JS. 2011. Monitoring the sugar content and intake in school meals from Incheon and Chuncheon. Korean J Food Sci Technol 43: 58-64. crossref(new window)

Jung HR, Park YB, Lee MJ, Kim KC, Kim JB, Kim DH, Kang SH, Park IB, Park JS, Kwon KI, Kim MH. 2011. A survey on sugar intake in meals from nursery schools in Gyeonggi-Do. Korean J Food Sci Technol 43: 182-188. crossref(new window)

Choi MH, Kwon KI, Kim JY, Lee JS, Kim JW, Park HK, Kim MC, Kim GH. 2008. Monitoring of total sugar contents in processed foods and noncommercial foodservice foods. Korean J Food Sci Technol 40: 337-342.

KFDA. 2013. Food code. Korea Food and Drug Administration, Cheongju, Korea. jsp/menu_02_01_01.jsp (accessed Sep 2015).

FDA. 2013. Guidance for Industry: A food labeling guide. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Washington, DC, USA. labelingnutrition/ucm 2006828.htm (accessed Jul 2015).

Lee JW, Hwang JB, Nahmgung B, Park JW. 2014. A study on total sugar content in cooked rice and side dishes of eat-out Korean food. Food Eng Prog 18: 124-129. crossref(new window)

Nishida C, Uauy R, Kumanyika S, Shetty P. 2004. The joint WHO/FAO expert consultation on diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases: process, product and policy implications. Public Health Nutr 7: 245-250.

WHO. 2015. Sugars intake for adults and children guideline. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. p 4.