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Reduction of Acrylamide Formation in Potato Chips Fermented by Bacillus sp.
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 Title & Authors
Reduction of Acrylamide Formation in Potato Chips Fermented by Bacillus sp.
Lee, Joongjae; Oh, Myeonggeun; Chang, Yoon Hyuk; Lee, Youngseung; Jin, Yong-Ik; Chang, Dong-Chil; Kim, Sung-Hwan; Jeong, Yoonhwa; Kim, Misook;
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The market for potato chips has expanded due to increased consumption of seasoned potato chips. However, the deep-frying process facilitates development of a browning color and formation of acrylamide. The objective of this work was to minimize browning color and acrylamide formation by fermentation prior to deep-frying. Potato slices were fermented by using three Bacillus strains, B. licheniformis (BL), B. methylotrophicus (BM), and B. subtilis, for 6 h at . In all fermentation groups, contents of total sugars in potato slices decreased. The color of fermented potato chips improved compared to the control. BM potato chips showed the best color values (76.33 in L value, 5.67 in a value, and 34.79 in b value). All fermentation processes reduced levels of acrylamide in deep-fried potato chips. Fermentation of potato slices for 2 h by BL reduced up to 96.1% acrylamide content. It was concluded that the fermentation process can positively affect color development and acrylamide formation.
acrylamide;color development;Bacillus;fermentation;potato chip;
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