Publisher : The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2016.45.5.717
Title & Authors
Quality Characteristics of Madeleine Added with Organic Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) Leaf Kim, Ki-Ppum; Kim, Kyoung-Hee; Yook, Hong-Sun;
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of madeleine added with different concentrations (0, 1, 3, 5, and 7%) of organic ginseng leaves. The study results found that the pH and moisture of madeleine with control were higher than those of the samples. On the other hand, specific gravity of madeleine was highest at 7% leaf content (1.04). The loss rate of madeleine was not significantly different among the samples. The Hunter L, a, and b values of crust decreased as the concentration of organic ginseng leaves increased. The Hunter L and a values of crumb decreased as the concentration of organic ginseng leaves increased, whereas b values of crumb increased. The hardness of madeleine increased after addition of organic ginseng leaves, whereas adhesiveness, chewiness, gumminess, and cohesiveness of madeleine decreased. 2,2'-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity of madeleine was significantly elevated with increasing content of organic ginseng leaves (P<0.05). In a sensory evaluation, healthy image and color were highest at 3% leaf content, whereas moistness, softness, and chewiness decreased as the concentration of organic ginseng leaves increased. The flavor and overall acceptability of madeleine added with 3% organic ginseng leaves were higher than those of both control and other samples. Therefore, the results suggest that 3% organic ginseng leaves addition to madeleine could be helpful for improving physical quality and taste.
organic ginseng leaf;sensory evaluation;texture analysis;DPPH radical scavenging activity;Hunter's color value;
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