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Consumption of Dairy Foods and Risk of Pre-Diabetes in Subjects that Visited Health Examination Center in Gwangju
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Consumption of Dairy Foods and Risk of Pre-Diabetes in Subjects that Visited Health Examination Center in Gwangju
Kim, Kyoung Yun; Yun, Jung Mi; Yang, Soo Jin;
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The prevalence of diabetes is increasing worldwide, particularly in Asian regions such as Korea. It is estimated that the number of diabetic patients will exceed 5 million by 2030 and that about 30% of people with diabetes are unaware of their condition. A comparative analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between dairy food intake and pre-diabetes risk factors in subjects that visited the health examination center of Sunhan Hospital, Republic of Korea. Subjects were classified into two groups according to fasting blood glucose concentrations: 1) normal (fasting blood glucose <100 mg/dL, n=57) and 2) pre-diabetes (100 mg/dL fasting blood glucose , n=56). Total dairy food intake tended to be lower in females and subjects with pre-diabetes compared with males and normal subjects, respectively; however, differences between groups were not significant due to a wide range of variations. HbA1c, systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly associated with the prevalence of pre-diabetes. Odds ratios for pre-diabetes were significantly reduced per incremental increases in dairy food intakes after adjusting for confounding factors. Findings in the current study suggest that appropriate intake of dairy foods may need to be considered for the prevention of pre-diabetes.
blood pressure;dairy foods intake;fasting blood glucose;pre-diabetes;
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