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Characteristics of Sourdough Bread Prepared using Bifidobacterium longum, Enterococcus faecium, and Lactobacillus acidophilus as a Combination Starter
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Food Preservation
  • Volume 18, Issue 1,  2011, pp.91-97
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Food Preservation
  • DOI : 10.11002/kjfp.2011.18.1.091
 Title & Authors
Characteristics of Sourdough Bread Prepared using Bifidobacterium longum, Enterococcus faecium, and Lactobacillus acidophilus as a Combination Starter
Chae, Dong-Jin; Lee, Kwang-Suck; Jang, Ki-Hyo;
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The influence of two process parameters (starter and fermentation period) on sourdough bread qualities was investigated. Bifidobacterium longum/Enterococcus faecium/Lactobacillus acidophilus (a mixed culture) was used as a starter. The five production conditions tested were: Control (sourdough fermentation with yeast); LAB 1(fermentation with mixed culture); LAB 2 (fermentation with yeast and mixed culture, respectively); LAB 3 (fermentation with yeast and mixed culture); and LAB 4 (first fermentation with yeast and mixed culture, respectively, followed by a second fermentation using the combination). The LAB 4 process showed the most favorable fermentation characteristics upon CrumbScan analysis, and the highest specific bread volume (5.14 mL/g). These results were reflected in the sensory evaluation of bread produced by the LAB 4 process; the bread achieved an excellent overall acceptance ranking of 3.7. Upon firmness analysis, the LAB 2, LAB 3, and LAB 4 bread figures were 113.67 g, 111.97 g, and 113.50 g, respectively. Thus, the firmness of LAB 2, LAB 3, and LAB 4 bread was higher than that of the control (93.20 g), although the aroma compounds of bread produced by the five processes did not differ. These results show that LAB 4 bread had improved sourdough properties, compared to control.
Bifidobacterium;probiotics;sourdough bread;sourdough starter;
 Cited by
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