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Effects of Soybean. Cheonggukjang and Doenjang on Serum Cholesterol Level and Weight Reduction in Rats Fed a High-Fat/High-Cholesterol Diet
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Food Preservation
  • Volume 18, Issue 2,  2011, pp.226-235
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Food Preservation
  • DOI : 10.11002/kjfp.2011.18.2.226
 Title & Authors
Effects of Soybean. Cheonggukjang and Doenjang on Serum Cholesterol Level and Weight Reduction in Rats Fed a High-Fat/High-Cholesterol Diet
Lee, Jae-Joon; Kim, Ah-Ra; Lee, Hwan; Kim, Cheol-Ho; Chang, Hae-Choon; Lee, Myung-Yul;
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This study was conducted to investigate the cholesterol lowering effect and weight reduction of autoclaved soy flour, cheonggulgang and doenjang, which are fermented using Bacillus subtilis DJI, in rats fed a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet. Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 250 g, were divided into five groups; a normal diet group (N), a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet group (HFC), a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet with 5% autoclaved soy flour group (HFC-S), a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet with 5% cheonggulgang group (HFC-CJ), and a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet with 5% deonjang group (HFC-DJ). The body weight gain and adipose tissues weights increased in rats fed a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet, but decreased significantly in rats fed autoclaved soy flour, cheonggulgang and doenjang, compared with the HFC group. Food intake was lower in the all HFC groups (HFC, HFC-S.HFC-CJ and HFC-DJ) than that of the N group, However, there was no differences in the food intake between HFC diet groups. Serum triglyceride level increased with a high-fat/high-cholesterol dietgroup whereas HFC-CJ and HFC-DJ groups were markedly decreased serum triglyceride levels compared with N group. Levels of serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol, and level of total cholesterol in the liver were significantly lower in the HFC-S group, the HFC-CJ group and the HFC-DJ group than that of the HFC group, but exerted no significant change between the HFC groups on levels of total lipid and triglyceride in the liver. Fecal total lipid content increased in the HFC-CJ group and the HFC-DJ group than those of the HFC group and HFC-S group. The activities of heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase (HR-LPL) and total-extractable LPL in adipose tissues decreased in the HFC-S group, the HFC-CJ group and the HFC-DJ group compared with the HFC group. These results suggest that dietary cheonggulgang and doenjang may exert cholesterol-lowering effect and prevent obesity.
autoclaved soy flour;Cheonggukjang;Doenjang;cholesterol;obesity;
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