JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Change in the Bourse Shoot and Fruit Growth due to the Gibberellins Paste in the Young Fruit of Niitaka Pear
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Food Preservation
  • Volume 18, Issue 4,  2011, pp.497-501
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Food Preservation
  • DOI : 10.11002/kjfp.2011.18.4.497
 Title & Authors
Change in the Bourse Shoot and Fruit Growth due to the Gibberellins Paste in the Young Fruit of Niitaka Pear
Choi, Jin-Ho; Park, Yeon-Ok; Choi, Jang-Jeon; Kim, Myung-Su; Yim, Sun-Hee; Lee, Han-Chan;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The object of this study was to evaluate the effect of gibberellins (GA) pasting on the bourse shoot, and not just on the fruit characteristics but also on the quality, of Niitaka pear (Pyrus pyryfolia L). The fruit stalk was treated with GA (control, 25mg/fruit stalk) 35 days after reaching full bloom. In the GA-treated tree, the occurrence of abnormal bourse shoot (52.5%) increased, and the spur bud and flower number decreased. The diameter of the GA-paste-treated fruit increased during the pear growth period with GA treatment. The diameter, length, and weight of the GA-paste-treated fruit increased at harvest time, but the hardness was lower than that of the control. The differences in soluble solid, acidity, and fruit color between the control and the GA-paste-treated fruit were not significant. Post-harvest, during the storage period, the hardness of the GA-paste-treated fruit was lower than that of the control, and its weight loss ratio was higher than that of the control on the days of storage.
 Keywords
abnormal-bourse shoot;gibberellin;hardness;weight-loss;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
한국자생 만병초의 온도, 광, 복토 깊이, 관수횟수 및 $GA_3$ 처리가 발아에 미치는 영향,이정호;송천영;황용;문자영;

화훼연구, 2014. vol.22. 2, pp.68-73 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Hwang HS (2010) New agriculture skill and prospect. Pear Experimental Station, NIHHS, p 2-5

2.
Shim HK, Seo JH, Moon SJ, Han CH, Matsumoto K, Hwang YS and Chun JP (2007) Cell wall characteristics of pithiness tissues in 'Niitaka' pears during storage. Korean J Hort Sci Technol, 25, 223-229

3.
Peter H and Phillips AL (2000) Gibberellin metabolism: new insights revealed by the genes. Trends in Plant Sci, 5, 523-530 crossref(new window)

4.
Weaver RJ (1972) Plant growth substances in agriculture. W H Freeman and Company, p 250-290

5.
Byun JK (1980) The effects of gibberellin A4 (GA4) and folithion (MEP) treatment on the abscission of young fruits of 'Fuji' apple. J Korean Soc Hort Sci, 21, 42-47

6.
Choi JJ, Choi JH, Han JH, Hong KH, Lee SH, Kang SS, Son DS and Tanabe K (2007) Changes of GA content in flesh during fruit development in 'Niitaka' and 'Shinkou' pear. Korean J Hort Sci Technol, 25, 90

7.
Youn CK, Lim SC, Kim HH, Kim YH, Lee CH and Choi KS (2000) Effect of GA paste and calcium chloride on tree growth, fruit quality, and storability of 'Niitaka' pear. J Korean Soc Hort Sci, 41, 517-522

8.
Choi JH, Choi JJ, Han JH, Hong KH, Lee SH, Son DS and Tanabe K (2007) Changes of sugar metabolism related enzyme activity by GA paste treatement in 'Kousui' pear. Korean J Hort Sci Technol, 25, 90

9.
Byun JK (1979) Effects of gibberellin A4+7 and benzyladenine treatment to the fruit stalks on the fruit development and quality in several apple cultivars. J Korean Soc Hort Sci, 20, 47-54

10.
Hwang HS and Byun KB (1985) Effect of gibberellins and their treating positions on the development of apple fruits. J Res Dev, 4, 35-42

11.
Hong KH, Kim GK, Choi JH, Han JH, Youn SK and Gang HY (1994) Harvest promotion test of pear according to growth regulator. Hort Ann (Fruit), 1043-1061

12.
Choi DG (2004) Changes of fruit characteristics and storage by gibberellin and polyamine treatment of Oriental pear (Pyrus pyriflia). J Bio-Environ Cont, 3, 185-193

13.
Kim HG, Choi DG, Yoo DH and Choi DC (2002) Changes of fruit quality by gibberellin and polyamine treatment of pear. J Bio-Environ Cont, 11, 233-240

14.
Bertelsen MG and Tustin DS (2002) Suppression of flower bud formation in light cropping trees of 'Pacific Rose' apple using gibberellin sprays. J Hort Sci Biotech, 77, 753-757 crossref(new window)

15.
Kim JG and Lee CH (2009) Effect of gibberellin treatment on enlargement and mature promotion in 'Niitaka' pear (Pyrus pyryfolia L.). J Agr Life Sci, 43, 23-30

16.
Kim GK (1996) Effect of gibberellin paste treatment on fruit characteristics of pear. Hort Ann (Fruit), 675-686

17.
Kim JH (2001) Recent pear cultivation. Osung Books, Seoul, Korea, p 266-267