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Characteristics of Alcohol Fermentation in Oriental Melon by Different Yeast
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Food Preservation
  • Volume 18, Issue 5,  2011, pp.779-785
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Food Preservation
  • DOI : 10.11002/kjfp.2011.18.5.779
 Title & Authors
Characteristics of Alcohol Fermentation in Oriental Melon by Different Yeast
Jo, Yong-Jun; Park, Chan-Woo; Jang, Se-Young; Kim, Ok-Mi; Jeong, Yong-Jin;
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 Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate and compare the characteristics of alcohol fermentation in oriental melon by different yeast. As a result, no significant difference in pH, total acidity and sugar content was found in alcohol fermentation of oriental melon by different yeast. The pH was shown to be constantly maintained but the total acidity was shown to increase during fermentation process. The sugar content was rapidly decrease starting from 3 day of fermentation, and it was reduced to be approximately 7 oBrix after fermentation. For organic acid content, lactic and citric acid contents were shown to be the highest in all periods of fermentation, which revealed that lactic and citric acid were major organic acids. Free sugar content were shown to gradually decrease during the fermentation and to be rarely detected at 9 days of fermentation. Alcohol content was shown to be 14.20% at (C) S. cerevisiae RC-212, which was the highest content. It was shown to be more than 12% at other periods, which showed that no significant difference in alcohol content was found according to different yeast. For alcohol components, acetaldehyde content was shown to be the highest at (E) S. cerevisiae K1-V1116, and methanol content was shown to be relatively higher at (C) S. cerevisiae RC-212 and (D) S. bayanus EC-1118. N-propanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol and isoamyl alcohol, which belong to fusel oil, were shown to be produced at 3 day of fermentation and gradually increase. These results, no significant difference in physicochemical properties of alcohol fermentation in oriental melon by different yeast.
 Keywords
oriental melon;wine;alcohol;fermentation;yeast;
 Language
Korean
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