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Physicochemical Properties of Diverse Rice Species
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Food Preservation
  • Volume 19, Issue 4,  2012, pp.532-538
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Food Preservation
  • DOI : 10.11002/kjfp.2012.19.4.532
 Title & Authors
Physicochemical Properties of Diverse Rice Species
Choi, Ok-Ja; Kim, Yong-Doo; Shim, Jae-Han; Noh, Myeong-Hee; Shim, Ki-Hoon;
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Seven rice varieties (Dasan, Keunseon, Goami, Baekjinju, Seolgaeng, Hangangchal and Heukseol) were used to study the physicochemical properties of dry milled (200-mesh) rice flour species. The moisture and crude protein contents of rice were 15.00-15.10% and 6.09-8.21%, respectively. The crude lipid and crude ash of rice were 0.21-1.02% and 0.37-1.62%, respectively. As for the Hunter's color value, the L value was highest in the Dasan flour (96.47); the a value was highest in the Heukseol flour (5.03); and the b value was highest in the Baekjinju flour (3.36). The water aborption index was highest in the Goami flour (1.45), and the water solubility index was highest in the Hangangchal flour (9.16%). The amylose contents of the rice flour species were highest in the Goami (26.42%) rice flour, followed by the Dasan (19.39%), Seolgaeng (19.24%), Keunseon (18.06%), Heukseol (15.52%), Baekjinju (9.16%), and Hangangchal (0.84%) rice flour. In the X-raydiffractin patterns of the diverse species, seven tice varieties showed A-type crystallinity. As for the amylogram properties, the initial pasting temperature was 58.00-. The maximum viscosity was highest in the Dasan flour. The Heukseol flour had the lowest maximum viscosity, breakdown, and setback. In terms of the thermal properties of the differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), the onset temperature was 59.03-; the peak temperature, 66-70-; and the end temperature, 74.06-. The enthalpy () was lowest in the Heukseol flour (7.59 J/g) and highest in the Seolgaeng flour (11.36J/g).
rice varieties;amylose content;X-ray;amylogram;DSC;
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