JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Mineral extraction from by-products of brown rice using electrodialysis and production of mineral salt containing lower sodium
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Food Preservation
  • Volume 22, Issue 6,  2015, pp.859-866
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Food Preservation
  • DOI : 10.11002/kjfp.2015.22.6.859
 Title & Authors
Mineral extraction from by-products of brown rice using electrodialysis and production of mineral salt containing lower sodium
No, Nam-Doo; Park, Eun-Jung; Kim, Mi-Lim;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to develop a supplemental healthy food that can help prevent high blood pressure-related diseases caused due to the excessive consumption of sodium in salt. This was achieved by using ion-displacement techniques to produce mineral salt with lower sodium content by using fermented brown rice by-products rich in minerals. Mineral salt containing 2019.2 mg/100 g of potassium, 678.5 mg/100 g of magnesium, 48.7 mg/100 g of calcium, and 19.5 mg/100 g of sodium was obtained by fermenting brown rice by-products to create a culture medium for the mineral salt. Mineral salt containing 1769.7 mg/100 g of potassium, 573.6 mg/100 g of magnesium, 35.3 mg/100 g of calcium, and 19.5 mg/100 g of sodium was obtained by filtering and refining the by-product extract of fermented brown rice. The results showed that when the stream velocity of the instrument used for electrolysis was 200 mL/min and the current and the concentration of the reactive liquid in the purified water chamber were higher, the effect of electrolysis was greater. Ion hot water extraction of the fermented brown rice by-products improved by up to 95% and was collected as purified water within 90 min of the reaction time. Chloride ions with pH 7.4 were produced by mixing sodium hydroxide in a purified saline water chamber with electro-analyzed water. The salt produced in this study contained low sodium, 5.7~30%, as compared to 40% sodium content of the normal salt.
 Keywords
low-sodium salt;mineral salt;electrolysis;ion replacement;electrodialysis;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Kim YS (2003) Functionality of fermented rice bran and its utilization. Ministry of Agriculture, Seoul, Korea, p 31-32

2.
Jang KH, Byun GI, Park SH, Kang WW (2008) Dough properties and bread qualities of wheat flour supplemented with rice bran. Korean J Food Preserv, 15, 209-213

3.
Jung EH, Hwang IK, Ha TY (2010) Properties and antioxidative activities of phenolic acid concentrates of rice bran. Korean J Food Sci Technol, 42, 593-597

4.
Bae SM, Kim JH, Cho CW, Jeong TJ, Yoon HS, Byun MW, Lee SC (2002) Effect of $\gamma$-irradiation on the antioxidant activity of rice hull, rice bran and bran. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr, 31, 246-250 crossref(new window)

5.
Chae GY, Kwon RH, Jang MW, Kim MJ, Ha BJ (2011) Whitening and antioxidative effect of rice bran fermented by Bacillus subtilis. J Soc Cosmet Scientists Korea, 37, 153-159

6.
Kim DJ, Choi SM, Kim HY, Kim JH, Ryu SN, Han SJ, Hong SG (2011) Evaluation of biological activities of fermented rice bran from novel black colored rice cultivar SuperC3GHi. Korean J Crop Sci, 56, 420-426 crossref(new window)

7.
Vander AJ, Sherman JH, Luciano DS (1990) Human Physiology. 5th ed. McGraw Hill Publishing Co., New York, NY, USA, p 471-512

8.
Ha JO, Park KY (1998) Comparison of mineral contents and external structure of various salts. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr, 27, 413-418

9.
Son SM, Heo KY (2002) Salt intake and nutritional problems in Korea. Korean J Commun Nutr, 7, 381-390

10.
Chung JH, Mok CK, Lim SB, Woo GJ, Baek HH, Park YS (2002) Desalination of traditional soy sauce using electrodialysis. Korean J Food Sci Technol, 34, 811-817

11.
Meyer KH, Strauss W (1940) Membrane permeability. VI. On the passage of electric current through selective membranes. Helv Chim Acta, 23, 795-800 crossref(new window)

12.
Juda W, McRae WA (1950) Coherent ion exchange gels and membranes. J Am Chem Soc, 72, 1044-1053 crossref(new window)

13.
Choi KH (1993) Desalination of seawater using membrane separation processes. Memb J, 3, 51-59

14.
Borgardts P, Krischke W, Trosch W (1994) Combined resource recovery and wastewater treatment through the use of membrane separation process using the example of lactic acid production from whey permeate. Chem Ing Tech, 66, 1270-1271

15.
Oh SW, Nam EJ, Jo JH, Kim EM, Kim YM (1997) Chemical changes during desalting of fish sauces using electrodialyzer. Korean J Food Sci Technol, 29, 992-998

16.
Kim SK, Lee EH, Oh HG (1987) Processing in practice of membrane separation technique in food industry. Ref Eng Air Con, 6, 16-30

17.
Nomura Y, Yamamoto K, Ishizaki A (1991) Factor affecting lactic acid production rate in the built-in electrodialysis fermentation and approach to high speed batch culture. J Ferment Bioeng, 71, 450-452 crossref(new window)

18.
Park PJ, Lee SH, Kim SK (2000) Desalination of boiled oyster extract by electrodialysis. Korean J Biotechnol Bioeng, 15, 167-173

19.
Chung JH, Mok CK, Lim SB, Woo GJ (2002) Desalination of traditional soy sauce using electrodialysis. Korean J Food Sci Technol, 34, 811-817

20.
Taddei C, Daufin G, Aimar P, Sanchez V (1991) Role of some whey components on mass transfer in ultrafiltration. Biotechnol Bioeng, 38, 528 crossref(new window)

21.
Patel PN, Mehaia MA, Cheryan M (1987) Cross-flow membrane filtration of yeast suspensions. J Biotechnol, 5, 1-5 crossref(new window)

22.
Kroner KH, Schutue H, Kula R (1984) Cross-flow filtration in the downstream processing of enzymes. Process Biochem, 19, 67-71

23.
Scott JA (1988) Application of cross-flow filtration to cider fermentation. Process Biochem, 23, 146-152

24.
Nagata N, Herouvis KJ, Dziewulski DM, Belfort G (1989) Crossflow membrane microfiltration of a bacterial fermentation broth. Biotechnol Bioeng, 34, 447-451 crossref(new window)

25.
Kim SG, Han CW, Kim HS, Jeon KY, Choi YI (1994) A study on the separation of electrolyte from amino acid solution through electrodialysis. Membrane J, 4, 163-170

26.
Ogutveren UB, Koparal S, Ozel E (1997) Electrodialysis for the removal of copper ions from wastewater. J Environ Sci Health, 32, 749-761