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Quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of makgeolli prepared using rice nuruk containing bitter melon (Momordica charantia)
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Food Preservation
  • Volume 23, Issue 2,  2016, pp.259-266
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Food Preservation
  • DOI : 10.11002/kjfp.2016.23.2.259
 Title & Authors
Quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of makgeolli prepared using rice nuruk containing bitter melon (Momordica charantia)
Cho, Kye Man; Hwang, Chung Eun; Ahn, Min Ju; Lee, Hee Yul; Joo, Ok Soo;
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Bitter melon powder (BMP) was used in the preparation of rice nuruk (RN) and makgeolli as one of raw materials. RN containing BMP (BMP-RN) was prepared by adding 0~2.0% (w/w) BMP into rice. Fermentative microbial, and antioxidant characteristics of makgeolli were determined during the fermentation process. pH during fermentation decreased from 4.52 (0% BMP-RN), 4.93 (0.5%), 4.80 (1.0%), and 4.88 (2.0%) on the initial fermentation day (day 0) to 4.15, 4.30, 4.57, and 4.59, respectively, corresponding to increases in acidity from 0.64~0.70% to 1.17~1.28%, respectively. Soluble solid contents increased from an initial 2.2~4.4 g/L (day 0) to 9.0~9.3 g/L, and alcohol level increased up to 13.0% by the end of fermentation (day 7). Soluble phenolic contents increased from 0.92, 1.01, 1.32, and 1.41 mg/mL on day 0, to 1.85, 2.03, 2.24, and 2.48 mg/mL on day 7, respectively, while the levels of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2`-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radical scavenging activities and ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) assay increased from 46.95~70.04%, 55.33~74.13%, and 0.629~1.243 on day 0, respectively, to 54.98~83.4%, 70.34~92.39%, and 0.964~1.455 on day 7, respectively. Makgeolli made with BMP-RN had higher soluble phenolic contents and antioxidant activity than those of makgeolli made without BMP-RN. These results suggested that BNP-RN made a functional makgeolli.
bitter melon;rice nuruk;makgeolli;soluble phenolics;antioxidant;
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