JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Modeling the Natural Occurrence of Selected Dipterocarp Genera in Sarawak, Borneo
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Modeling the Natural Occurrence of Selected Dipterocarp Genera in Sarawak, Borneo
Teo, Stephen; Phua, Mui-How;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Dipterocarps or Dipterocarpaceae is a commercially important timber producing and dominant keystone tree family in the rain forests of Borneo. Borneo's landscape is changing at an unprecedented rate in recent years which affects this important biodiversity. This paper attempts to model the natural occurrence (distribution including those areas with natural forests before being converted to other land uses as opposed to current distribution) of dipterocarp species in Sarawak which is important for forest biodiversity conservation and management. Local modeling method of Inverse Distance Weighting was compared with commonly used statistical method (Binary Logistic Regression) to build the best natural distribution models for three genera (12 species) of dipterocarps. Database of species occurrence data and pseudoabsence data were constructed and divided into two halves for model building and validation. For logistic regression modeling, climatic, topographical and edaphic parameters were used. Proxy variables were used to represent the parameters which were highly (p>0.75) correlated to avoid over-fitting. The results show that Inverse Distance Weighting produced the best and consistent prediction with an average accuracy of over 80%. This study demonstrates that local interpolation method can be used for the modeling of natural distribution of dipterocarp species. The Inverse Distance Weighted was proven a better method and the possible reasons are discussed.
 Keywords
Borneo;GIS;interpolation;Inverse Distance Weighted;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Achard F, Eva HD, Stibig HJ, Mayaux P, Gallego J, Richards T, Malingreau JP. 2002. Determination of deforestation rates of the world's humid tropical forests. Science 297: 999-1002. crossref(new window)

2.
Anon. 2011. Multicollinearity in Logistic Regression. http:// www.uky.edu/ComputingCenter/SSTARS/Multicollinearityin-LogisticRegression.htm. Accessed on 28 July 2011.

3.
Anon. 2012. Tree Species Distribution. European Union Joint Research Centre - Forest. (accessed on http://forest.jrc.ec. europa. eu/climate-change/species-distribution)

4.
Ashton PS. 1972. The Quaternary geomorphological history of western Malesia and lowland forest phytogeography. In: Transactions of the second Aberdeen-Hull symposium and Malesian ecology (Ashton P, Ashton M, eds). Hull, University of Hull, pp 35-49.

5.
Ashton PS. 1995. Biogeography and Ecology. In: Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak (Soepadmo E, Wong KM, eds). Sabah Forestry Department, Forest Research Institute of Malaysia and. Sarawak Forestry Department, Kuala Lumpur, pp 43-51.

6.
Ashton PS. 2004. Dipterocarpaceae. In: Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 5 (Soepadmo E, Saw LG, Chung RCK, eds). Sabah Forestry Department, Forest Research Institute of Malaysia and Sarawak Forestry Department, Kuala Lumpur, pp 63-388.

7.
Crawford RM. 1989. Studies in Plant Survival. Blackwell, Oxford, pp 356.

8.
Chua LSL, Suhaida M, Hamidah M, Saw LG. 2010. Malaysia Plant Red List. Peninsular Malaysian Dipterocarpaceae. Forest Research Institute of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. pp 136.

9.
Dirnbock T, Dullinger S. 2004. Habitat distribution models, spatial autocorrelation, functional traits and dispersal capacity of alpine plant species. J Veg Sci 15: 77-84. crossref(new window)

10.
Earls J. 2007. Spatial Interpolation of Rainfall Data Using ArcGis: A Comparative Study. Proceedings of the 27th Annual ESRI International User Conference. http://proceedings.esri.com/library/ userconf/proc07/papers/papers/pap_1451.pdf. Accessed on 10 June 2011.

11.
Elith J, Leathwick JR. 2009. Species Distribution Models Across Space and Time. Ann Rev Ecol Evol Systematic 40: 677-697. crossref(new window)

12.
FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC. 2009. World Harmonised Soil Map. http://www.iiasa.ac.at/Research/LUC/External-World-soildatabase/ HTML. Accessed on 26 August 2009.

13.
Harmon ME, Bratton SP, White PS. 1983. Disturbance and vegetation response in relation to environmental gradients in the Great Smoky Mountains. Vegetation 55: 129-139.

14.
Hershey RR, Ramirez MA, Drake DA. 2012. Using Geostatistical Techniques to Map the Distribution of Tree Species from Ground Inventory Data. http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/rsb/nant.html. Accessed on 3 July 2012.

15.
Jantakat Y, Tessawat W, Koonto S. 2010. Forest Tree Distribution of Dry Dipterocarp Forest with Environmental Factors. Proceedings of 31st Asian Conference on Remote Sensing. Hanoi, Vietnam, pp 660-666.

16.
Langner A, Miettinen J, Siegert F. 2007. Land cover change 2002-2005 in Borneo and the role of fire derived from MODIS imagery. Glob Chang Biol 13: 2329-2340. crossref(new window)

17.
Malaysian Palm Oil Board. 2009. Planted Area and Yield. 2008. http://econ.mpob.gov.my/economy/annual/stat2008/ ei_area08.htm. Accessed on 26 August 2009.

18.
Nazeri, Mona, Jusoff, Kamaruzzaman and Madani, Nima. 2010. Habitat Models as a Research Gap in Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Rain Forest of Southeast Asia. In: International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs) 2010 (Swayne, David A, Yang, Wanhong, Voinov AA, Rizzoli A, Filatova T, eds). International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software Modelling for Environment's Sake, Fifth Biennial Meeting, Ottawa, Canada.

19.
Nour MH, Smit DW, Gamal El-Din M. 2006. Geostatistical mapping of precipitation: implications for rain gauge network design. Water Sci Technol 53: 101-110.

20.
Pausas JG, Austin MP. 2001. Patterns of plant species richness in relation to different environments: an appraisal. J Veg Sci 12: 153-166. crossref(new window)

21.
Pickett STA, White PS. 1985. The ecology of natural disturbance and patch dynamics. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

22.
Pielou EC, Routledge RD. 1976. Salt marsh vegetation: Latitudinal gradients in the zonation patterns. Oecologia 24: 311-321. crossref(new window)

23.
Raes N, Roos MC, Slik JWF, van Loon EE, ter Steege H. 2009. Botanical richness and endemicity patterns of Borneo derived from species distribution models. Ecography 32: 180-192. crossref(new window)

24.
Roos MC, Kessler PJA, Gradstein SR, Baas P. 2004. Species diversity and endemism of five major Malesian islands: diversity- area relationships. Journal of Biogeography 31: 1893-1908. crossref(new window)

25.
Slik JWF, Raes N, Aiba SI, Brearley FQ, Cannon CH, Meijaard E, Nagamasu H, Nilus R, Paoli G, Poulsen AD, Sheil D, Suzuki E, van Valkenburg JLCH, Webb CO, Wilkie P, Wulffraat S. 2009. Environmental correlates for tropical tree diversity and distribution patterns in Borneo. Diversity and Distributions 15: 523-532. crossref(new window)

26.
Smits WTM. 1983. Dipterocarps and mycorrhiza: an ecological adaptation and a factor in forest regeneration. Flora Malesiana Bull 36: 3926-3937.

27.
Smits WTM. 1994. Dipterocarpaceae: Mycorrhizae and regeneration. Tropenbos Foundation, Wageningen.

28.
Sumarga E. 2011. A comparison of logistic regression, geostatistics and maxent for distribution modeling of a forest endemic: a pilot study on lobels maple at MT Pizzalto, Italy. Masters Thesis. Twente University, The Netherlands.

29.
Symington CF. 1943. Foresters Manual on Dipterocarps. Malaysian Forest Record 16, Forestry Department of Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.

30.
Tsuyuki S, Goh MH, Teo SP, Kamlun KU, Phua MH. 2011. Monitoring deforestation in Sarawak, Malaysia using multitemporal Landsat data. Kanto Forest Research 62: 87-90.

31.
van Steenis CGGJ. 1981. Rheophytes of the World. An Account of the Flood-Resistant Flowering Plants and Ferns and the Theory of Autonomous Evolution.-With 23 photographs, 44 figs., 408 pp.-Alphen aan den Rijn, The Netherlands/Rockville, Maryland, USA: Sijthoff & Noordhoff.

32.
von Wehrden H, Zimmermann H, Hanspach J, Ronnenberg K, Wesche K. 2009. Predictive mapping of plant species and communities by using GIS and Landsat data in a southern Mongolian mountain range. Folia Geobotanica 44: 211-225. crossref(new window)

33.
Watkinson AR. 1978. The demography of a sand dune annual: Vulpia fasciculata JII. The dispersal of seeds. J Ecol 66: 483-498. crossref(new window)

34.
Yallop A. 2000. Biotic interactions in salt marsh communities with special reference to arbuscular mychorrhial fungi. PhD thesis. University of East Anglia, UK.