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Characteristics of Charcoal in Different Carbonization Temperatures
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 Title & Authors
Characteristics of Charcoal in Different Carbonization Temperatures
Kwon, Sung-Min; Kwon, Gu-Joong; Jang, Jae-Hyuk; Kim, Nam-Hun;
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 Abstract
Characteristics of charcoals manufactured in each temperature as 400, 600 800, 1,000 and were examined. Sapwood and heartwood of Quercus variabilis that one of major species in charcoal materials were used for this experiment. Charcoal density was decreased highly 38-60% compared with wood density and density of sapwood was slightly decreased but heartwood was not changed with increasing carbonization temperature increase. Weight loss of sapwood and heartwood charcoal increased as carbonization temperature increases, and there is no difference between sapwood and heartwood charcoal. Refining degree of sapwood and heartwood charcoal was zero in charring over . Moisture and ash of sapwood and heartwood charcoal in each carbonization temperature were not differed between sapwood and heartwood. Volatile of sapwood charcoal was slightly higher than that of heartwood, and decreased as carbonization temperature increases. As the carbonization temperature increased, fixed carbon of sapwood and heartwood charcoal increased. Calorific values of charcoal prepared at were 7,200-7,300 cal/g and then decreased slightly as carbonization temperature increased.
 Keywords
Charcoal;weight loss;ash;calorific values;carbonization temperature;
 Language
Korean
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