JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Implications of Impacts of Climate Change on Forest Product Flows and Forest Dependent Communities in the Western Ghats, India
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Implications of Impacts of Climate Change on Forest Product Flows and Forest Dependent Communities in the Western Ghats, India
Murthy, Indu K.; Bhat, Savithri; Sathyanarayan, Vani; Patgar, Sridhar; M., Beerappa; Bhat, P.R.; Bhat, D.M.; Gopalakrishnan, Ranjith; Jayaraman, Mathangi; Munsi, Madhushree; N.H., Ravindranath; M.A., Khalid; M., Prashant; Iyer, Sudha; Saxena, Raghuvansh;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The tropical wet evergreen, tropical semi evergreen and moist deciduous forest types are projected to be impacted by climate change. In the Western Ghats region, a biodiversity hotspot, evergreen forests including semi evergreen account for 30% of the forest area and according to climate change impact model projections, nearly a third of these forest types are likely to undergo vegetation type change. Similarly, tropical moist deciduous forests which account for about 28% of the forest area are likely to experience change in about 20% of the area. Thus climate change could adversely impact forest biodiversity and product flow to the forest dependent households and communities in Uttara Kannada district of the Western Ghats. This study analyses the distribution of non-timber forest product yielding tree species through a network of twelve 1-ha permanent plots established in the district. Further, the extent of dependence of communities on forests is ascertained through questionnaire surveys. On an average 21% and 28% of the tree species in evergreen and deciduous forest types, respectively are, non-timber forest product yielding tree species, indicating potential high levels of supply of products to communities. Community dependence on non-timber forest products is significant, and it contributes to Rs. 1199 and Rs. 3561/household in the evergreen and deciduous zones, respectively. Given that the bulk of the forest grids in Uttara Kannada district are projected to undergo change, bulk of the species which provide multiple forest products are projected to experience die back and even mortality. Incorporation of climate change projections and impacts in forest planning and management is necessary to enable forest ecosystems to enhance resilience.
 Keywords
climate change;non-timber forest products;yield;tropical forests;Western Ghats;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Appasamy PP. 1993. Role of non-timber forest products in a subsistence economy: The case of a joint forestry project in India. Econ Bot 47: 258-267. crossref(new window)

2.
Bhat PR, Murthy IK, Ravindranath NH. 2005. Diversity of non-timber forest produce and their significance in rural areas of Western Ghats. Diversity of non-timber forest produce and their significance in rural areas of Western Ghats. Int J For Usuf Mgmt 6: 1-10.

3.
Champion H, Seth SK. 1968. A revised survey of the forest types of India. Govt. of India Publication, New Delhi.

4.
Chapin FS 3rd, Danell K, Elmqvist T, Folke C, Fresco N. 2007. Managing climate change impacts to enhance the resilience and sustainability of Fennoscandian forests. Ambio 36: 528-533. crossref(new window)

5.
Chaturvedi RK, Ranjith Gopalakrishnan, Mathangi Jayaraman, Govindasamy Bala, Joshi NV, Raman Sukumar, Ravindranath NH. 2011. Impact of climate change on Indian forests: a dynamic vegetation modeling approach. Miti Adap Strat GL 16: 119-142. crossref(new window)

6.
Davidson DJ, Williamson T, Parkins JR. 2003. Understanding climate change risk and vulnerability in northern forest-based communities. Can J For Res 33: 2252-2261. crossref(new window)

7.
FAO. 1997. Technology scenarios in the Asia-Pacific forestry sector. Working Paper Series No: APFSOS/WP/25. Forestry Policy and Planning Division, Rome, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok.

8.
Gopalakrishnan Ranjith, Mathangi Jayaraman, Govindasamy Bala, Ravindranath NH. 2011. Climate Change and Indian Forests. Cur Sci 101: 348-355.

9.
IPCC. 1996. Climate Change 1995; Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

10.
Kodandapani Narendran, Indu K Murthy, Suresh HS, Dattaraja HS, Ravindranath NH, Sukumar R. 2001. Non timber Forest Product Extraction, Utilization and Valuation: A Case Study from the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Southern India. Econ Bot 55: 528-538. crossref(new window)

11.
Krebs CJ. 1999. Ecological methodology. Addison Wesley Longman, Menlo Park, CA.

12.
Kucharik CJ, Foley JA, Delire C, Fisher VA, Coe MT, Lenters JD, Young-Molling C, Ramankutty N, Norman JM, Gower ST. 2000. Testing the performance of a dynamic global ecosystem model: Water balance, carbon balance and vegetation structure. Glo Biogeochem Cy 14: 795-825. crossref(new window)

13.
Malhotra KC, Deb D, Dutta M, Vasula TS, Yadav G, Adhikari M. 1991. Role of non-timber forest produce in local economy: A household survey in Jamboni Range, Midnapore, West Bengal. Indian Institute of Bio-Social Research and Development.

14.
Martin A. 1999. Background to Western Ghats of Karnataka. De Montfort University, Leicester, UK.

15.
MEA. 2005. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC.

16.
Murthy IK, Bhat PR, Ravindranath NG, Sukumar R. 2002. Non-timber forest product gathering in Uttara Kannada District, Western Ghats: social and gender differences. Myforest 38: 237-246.

17.
Murthy IK, Bhat PR, Ravindranath NH, Sukumar R. 2005. Financial valuation of non-timber forest product flows in Uttara Kannada District, western Ghats, Karnataka. Cur Sci 88: 1573-1579.

18.
Murthy IK, Rakesh Tiwari, Ravindranath NH. 2011. Mainstreaming Adaptation: Climate change and forests in India: adaptation opportunities and challenges. Miti Adap Strat GL 16: 161-175. crossref(new window)

19.
Ravindranath NH, Joshi NV, Sukumar R, Saxena A. 2006. Impact of climate change on forests in India. Cur Sci 90: 354-361.

20.
Ravindranath NH, Sukumar R, Deshingkar P. 1996. Climate change and forests: Impacts and adaptation. A regional assessment for the Western Ghats, India, Stockholm Environment Institute.

21.
Tewari DD, Campbellb JY. 1995. Developing and sustaining non-timber forest products. J Sustain For 3: 53-79. crossref(new window)