Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Impacts of Soil Microbial Populations on Soil Chemical and Biological Properties under Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest, Coromandel Coast, India
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Impacts of Soil Microbial Populations on Soil Chemical and Biological Properties under Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest, Coromandel Coast, India
Sudhakaran, M.; Ramamoorthy, D.; Swamynathan, B.; Ramya, J.;
  PDF(new window)
There are very few studies about soil chemical and biological properties under tropical dry evergreen forest Coromandel Coast, India. The present study was conducted in six tropical dry evergreen forests sites such as Oorani, Puthupet, Vadaagram, Kotthatai, Sendrakillai and Palvathunnan. We measured the quantity of soil chemical, biological properties and selected soil microorganisms for investigating the impacts of soil microbial populations on soil chemical and biological properties. The result showed that total N, P, Ca, S, Fe, Mn, Cu, Co, exchangeable K, Olson P, extractable Ca and phosphobacterial population were higher in the soil from Kothattai forest site. Organic carbon, total Mg, extractable Na, soil respiration, -glucosidase activity, bacterial population, fungi population and actinomycetes population were higher in the soil from Palvathunn forest site. Total K, -N, -N, exchangeable K, extractable Ca, extractable Na, azotobacter population, bacillus population and rhizobacteria population were higher in the soil from Sendrakillai. Beijerinckia population, rhizobacteria and soluble sodium were higher in Puthupet forest soil. Total Si, total Na and exchangeable K were higher in soil from Oorani forest site. Total Mo and exchangeable K were higher in the soil from Vadaagaram forest site. The results showed that organic carbon, total N, -N, -N, extractable P, extractable Ca, soil respiration and -glucosidase were significantly correlated with soil microbial populations. Therefore soil microorganisms are important factor for maintaining soil quality in tropical dry evergreen forest.
Soil microorganism;-glucosidase;tropical dry evergreen forest;soil chemical properties and soil biological properties;
 Cited by
Bashour II, Sayegh AH. 2007. Methods of analysis for soils of arid and semi-arid regions. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Beckhoff B, Kanngiesser B, Langhoff N, Wedell R, Wolff H. 2006. Handbook of Practical X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis. Springer, Berlin.

Das DK. 2004. Introductory soil science. Kalyani, Ludhiana, pp 240-260.

Dick RP. 1992. A review: long-term effects of agricultural systems on soil biochemical and microbial parameters. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 40: 25-36. crossref(new window)

Doran JW, Sarrantonio M, Liebig MA. 1996. Soil Health and Sustainability. Advances in Agronomy 56: 1-54. crossref(new window)

Doran JW, Zeiss MR. 2000. Soil health and sustainability: managing the biotic component of soil quality. Applied Soil Ecology 15: 3-11. crossref(new window)

Eivazi F, Tabatabai MA. 1998. Glucosidases and galactosidases in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20: 601-606.

Germida JJ. 1993. Cultural methods for soil microorganisms. In: Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis. A Special Publication of the Canadian Society of Soil Science (Carter MR, ed). Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, pp 263-275.

Grieve IC. 1984. Concentrations and annual loading of dissolved organic matter in a small moorland stream. Freshwater Biology 14: 533-537. crossref(new window)

Harmsen GW, van Schreven DA. 1955. Mineralization of organic nitrogen in soil. Advances in Agronomy 7: 299-398. crossref(new window)

Hassink J, Neutel AM, De ruiter PC. 1994. C and N mineralization in sandy and loamy grassland soils: The role of microbes and microfauna. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 26: 1565-1571. crossref(new window)

Hassink J. 1995. Density fractions of soil macroorganic matter and microbial biomass as predictors of C and N mineralization. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 27: 1099-1108. crossref(new window)

Hesse PR. 1971. A text book of soil chemical analysis. John Murray, London.

Hopkins DW, Gregorich EG. 2005. Carbon as a substrate for soil organisms. In: Biological Diversity and Function in Soils, British ecological society ecological reviews. (Bardgett RD, Usher MB, Hopkins DW, eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 57-79.

Isermeyer H. 1952. Eine einfache Methode zur Bestimmung der Bodenatmung und der Karbonate im Boden. Z Pflanzenernah Bodenk 56: 26-38. crossref(new window)

Meher-Homji VM. 1992. A document to help formulate a conservation strategy for peninsular India in relation to vegetation status and bioclimatic conditions. Final Tech. Report Pitambar Pant. Natl. Environ. Fel, Ministry of Environment and forest, New Delhi.

Morris SJ, Boerner REJ. 1999. Spatial distribution of fungal and bacterial biomass in southern Ohio hardwood forest soils: scale dependency and landscape patterns. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31: 887-902. crossref(new window)

Ndiaye EL, Sandeno JM, McGrath D, Dick RP. 2000. Integrative biological indicators for detecting change in soil quality. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 15: 26-36. crossref(new window)

Olsen SR, Sommers LE. 1982. Phosphorus. In: Methods of soil analysis, Agron. No. 9, part 2: Chemical and microbiological properties (Page AL, ed). 2nd ed. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, USA, Phosphorus, pp 403-430.

Piper CS. 1966. Soil and Plant Analysis. Hans Publishers, Bombay.

Pragasan LA, Parthasarathy N. 2005. Litter production in tropical dry evergreen forests of south India in relation to season, plant life-forms and physiognomic groups. Current Science 88: 1255-1263.

Saffigna PG, Powlson DS, Brookes PC, Thomas GA. 1989. Influence of sorghum residues and tillage on soil organic matter and soil microbial biomass in an australian vertisol. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 21: 759-765. crossref(new window)

Sims JR, Jackson GD. 1971. Rapid analysis of soil nitrate with chromotropic acid. Soil Science Society of America Journal 35: 603-606. crossref(new window)

Stanford G, English L. 1949. Use of the Flame Photometer in Rapid Soil Tests for K and Ca. Agronomy Journal 41: 446-447.

Tabatabai MA. 1982. Soil enzymes. In: Methods of Soil Analysis. Parr I (Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR, Eds), Agronomy 9, pp 903-947.

Tandon HLS. 1991. Sulphur research and agricultural production in India. 3rd ed. The Sulphur Institute, Washington, D.C. USA.

Thien SJ. 1979. A flow diagram for teaching texture-by-feel analysis. Journal of Agronomic Education 8: 54-55.

Venkateswaran R, Parthasarathy N. 2003. Tropical dry evergreen forests on the coromandel coast of India: structure, composition and human disturbance. Ecotropica 9: 45-58.

Waldrop MP, Balser TC, Firestone MK. 2000. Linking microbial community composition to function in a tropical soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 32: 1837-1846. crossref(new window)

Walkley A, Black IA. 1934. An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37: 29-38. crossref(new window)

Webster EA, Chudek JA, Hopkins DW. 2000. Carbon transformations during decomposition of different components of plant leaves in soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 32: 301-314. crossref(new window)

Yao H, He Z, Wilson MJ, Campbell CD. 2000. Microbial biomass and community structure in a sequence of soils with increasing fertility and changing land use. Microbial Ecology 40: 223-237.