Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Ecological Characteristics of Classified Forest Cover Types in the Natural Forest of Sobaeksan
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Ecological Characteristics of Classified Forest Cover Types in the Natural Forest of Sobaeksan
Lim, Seon-Mi; Kim, Ji Hong;
  PDF(new window)
This study was conducted to evaluate the ecological characteristics of forest cover types which were classified by cluster analysis in the natural forest of Sobaeksan on the basis of the vegetation data from the point-quarter sampling method. Recognized forest cover types were 1) Mixed mesophytic forest, 2) Taxus cuspidata forest, 3) Fraxinus rhynchophylla-Quercus mongolica forest, 4) Betula ermanii forest, 5) Pinus densiflora forest, 6) Quercus mongolica mixed forest, and 7) Quercus mongolica pure forest. For those of classified types, the species composition was expressed by importance value (IV) to describe the community floristically. The species diversity was quantified using the Shannon`s diversity index. The results showed that the forest cover types were characteristically different from one another in growing species and compositional rates, depending upon the type which was formed by a number of similar vegetational sample points. Species diversity indices (H`) of total and overstory both were the highest in the mixed mesophytic forest (3.530 and 2.880, respectively), and lowest in the Q. mongolica pure forest (2.122 and 0.000, respectively) with only one canopy species. The highest species diversity in the mixed mesophytic forest may due to the relatively high species richness and evenness in the forest cover types. The description on ecological characteristics were suggested to understand the formation and development of forest cover types in this study area.
cluster analysis;forest cover type;importance value;species diversity;sobaeksan;
 Cited by
Barbour MG, Billings WD. 1988. North Americal terrestrial vegetation. Cambridge University Press, pp 434.

Braun EL. 1950. Deciduous Forest of Eastern North America. Blakiston, Philadelphia, pp 596.

Brower JE, Zar JH. 1977. Field and laboratory methods for general ecology. W. C. Brown Company Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa, USA, pp 73.

Choi SH, Song KJ, Lee KJ. 1998. The vegetation structure of Fraxinus mandshurica community in Mt. Minjuji, Youngdonggun, Chungcheongbuk-do. Journal of Ecology and Field Biology 11: 166-176.

Chung SH, Kim JH. 2013. The classification of forest cover types by consecutive application of multivariate statistical analysis in the natural forest of western Mt. Jiri. Journal of Korean Forest Society 102: 407-414.

Chung SH. 2015. The classification of forest cover types in natural forests of the Baekdudaegan, South Korea. Ph.D Dissertation, Kangwon National University, Korea. pp 140.

Chung YS. 1998. Characteristic species distribution of the Baekdoo Great Mountain chain at Kangwon province, Korea. Environmental Research 21: 105-112.

Curtis JT, Mclntosh RP. 1951. An upland forest continuum in the prairie-forest border region of Wisconsin. Ecology 32: 476-496. crossref(new window)

Daubenmire RF. 1976. The use of vegetation in assessing the productivity of forest lands. Bot Rev 42: 115-143. crossref(new window)

European Environment Agency. 2006. European forest types: Categories and types for sustainable forest management reporting and policy. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, pp 111.

Everitt B. 1973. Cluster analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

Eyre FH. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington DC, pp 148.

Han SS, Sim JS. 1989. Characterisitcs of photosynthesis and respiration in Fraxinus rhynchophylla Hance and Fraxinus mandshurica Rupr. Leaves. Journal of Korean forest Society 78: 280-286.

Hartigan JA. 1975. Clustering algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

Hwang KM, Lee JM, Kim JH. 2012. Community classification and successional trends in the natural forest of Baekdudaegan in Gangwon Province. Journal of Agriculture & Life Science 46: 41-55.

Ishikawa Y, Ito K. 1989. The regeneration process in a mixed forest in central Hokkaido, Japan. Vegetation 79: 75-84.

Jang YS, Shin CS, Jung DJ. 2004. Vegetation structure of natural taxus cuspidata forests in Mt. SouBaik. Korean J Plant Res 17: 67-74.

Jo HJ, Lee BC, Shin JH. 2004. Forest vegetation structure and species composition of the Baekdudaegan mountain range in South Korea. The Journal of Korean Forestry Society 93: 331-338.

Kim HS, Lee SM, Song HK. 2011. Actual vegetation distribution status and ecological succession in the Deogyusan National Park. Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology 25: 37-46.

Kim JH, Jin G, Chung SH. 2015. Stand development patterns of forest cover types in the natural forests of northern Baekdudaegan in South Korea. J For Res 26: 381-390. crossref(new window)

Kim JH. 1999. Forest ecology; attributions and analysis of forest community. HyangMoonSa, pp 208.

Kim JH. 2002. Community ecological view of the natural deciduous forest in Korea. In: Ecology of Korea. Bumwoo Publishing Company, Seoul, Korea, pp 93-104.

Kimmins JP. 2004. Forest ecology--a foundation for sustainable forest management and environmental ethics in forestry. 3rd ed. Printes Hall Pub. Co., Upper Saddle River, N.J, pp 611.

Korea Forestry Research Institute. 1996. Hardwood Forest Inventory Report. Research Bulletin No. 122. Forestry Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.

Korea Meterological Administration. 2014. Statistical Database. Accessed 11 Mar 2015.

Korea National Park Service. 2014. Introductory description. Accessed 11 Mar 2015.

Korean Association for Conservation of Nature. 1995. A report on the scientific survey of the Mt. Sobaek National Park. No. 33. pp 259.

Lattin J, Carroll D, Green P. 2003. Analyzing multivariate data. Thomson Brooks/Cole, Pacific Grove, California, USA. pp 556.

Lee DK, Kim JH, Cho JC, Cha DH. 1990. Studies on the development and utilization of Korean oak rsources (III). pp 427.

Lee HJ, Bae BH Chun YM, Chung HL, Hong MP, Kim YO, Kil JH. 1998. Community structure and soil environment of Quercus mongolica forest on Mt. Chiljelbong. Journal of Basic Science 23: 83-95.

Lee JM, Hwang KM, Kim JH. 2014. The classification of forest by cluster analysis in the natural deciduous forest of the southern region of Baekdudaegan Mountains. J Korean For Soc 103: 12-22. crossref(new window)

Lee TB. 2003. Coloured flora of Korea. Hyangmoonsa, Seoul, Korea, pp 1928.

Lee WS. 2002. Abundance and growth of naturally regenerated Pinus koraiensis wildlings in four foest types. Ph.D. Thesis. Kangwon National University, Korea.

Ludwig JA, Reynolds JF. 1988. Statistical ecology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, pp 125-144.

McGee CE, Loftis DL. 1986. Planted oaks perform poorly in North Carolina and Tennessee. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 3: 114-116.

Orloci L. 1967. An agglomerative method for classification of plant communities. Journal of Ecology 55: 193-206. crossref(new window)

Osawa A. 1992. Development of a mixed-conifer forest in Hokkaido, northern Japan, following a catastrophic windstorm: a "parallel" model of plant succession. In: Ecology and silviculture of mixed-species forests (Kelty MJ, Larson BC, Oliver CD, eds). Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 29-52.

Suh MH. 1993. Stand Structure and Regeneration Pattern of Quercus mongolica forests. Ph.D Disseration. Seoul national University, Korea.

Vankat JL. 1979. The natural vegetation of North America. John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp 261.

Yeo US, Lee DK. 2006. Early regeneration of Fraxinus rhynchophylla in the understorey of Larix kaempferi stands in response to thinning. Forestry 79: 167-176. crossref(new window)

Yun CW, Kim HJ, Lee BC, Shin JH, Yang HM, Lim JH. 2011. Characteristic community type classification of forest vegetation in South Korea. The Journal of Korean Forestry Society 100: 504-521.