JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Variations in Growth Characteristics and Stress-wave Velocities of Zelkova serrata Trees from Eight Half-sib Families Planted in Three Different Initial Spacings
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Variations in Growth Characteristics and Stress-wave Velocities of Zelkova serrata Trees from Eight Half-sib Families Planted in Three Different Initial Spacings
Prasetyo, Agung; Endo, Ryota; Takashima, Yuya; Aiso, Haruna; Hidayati, Fanny; Tanabe, Jun; Ishiguri, Futoshi; Iizuka, Kazuya; Yokota, Shinso;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Zelkova serrata is an important hardwood species for the timber industry in Japan. Tree breeding programs for this species have mainly focused on growth characteristics such as stem diameter (D), tree height (TH), stem form, and branching. In order to fulfill timber industry needs, wood quality improvement should be included in the tree breeding program of this species. In the present study, growth characteristics, such as D and TH, and the stress-wave velocity (SWV), which is highly correlated with Young's modulus of wood, were measured for 20-year-old Z. serrata from eight half-sib families planted in a progeny test site with three different initial spacings. Significant differences in all the measured characteristics were found among the eight half-sib families. The variance components of the half-sib families for D, TH, and SWV were 27.2%, 47.3%, and 33.5%, respectively. These results indicate that all the measured characteristics of this species could be improved by tree breeding programs. In addition, only low correlation coefficients were obtained between the growth characteristics and SWV, indicating that extensive selection on SWV in tree breeding programs may not always lead to a reduction in yield volume.
 Keywords
Zelkova serrata;wood quality;stress-wave velocity;spacing effect;growth characterists;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Bucur V. 2006. Acoustics of Wood. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.

2.
Dickson RL, Raymond CA, Joe W, Wilkinson CA. 2003. Segregation of Eucalyptus dunnii Logs using acoustics. For Ecol Manag 179: 243-251. crossref(new window)

3.
Endo R, Kodaira T, Akasi T. 1998. Characters of Excellent Family of Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino in Chiba Prefecture: Narrow-sense Heritability of age-4. Res Rep Chiba Pref For Res Inst 9: 1-4. (in Japanese)

4.
Falconer DS, Mackay TFC. 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics. 4th ed. Pearson Prentice Hall, Harlow.

5.
Hai PH, Hannrup B, Harwood C, Jansson G, Do VB. 2010. Wood stiffness and strength as selection traits for sawn timber in Acacia auriculiformis. Can J For Res 40: 322-329. crossref(new window)

6.
Hai PH, Jansson G, Harwood, Hannrup B, Thinh HH. 2008. Genetic variation in growth, stem straightness and branch thickness in clonal trials of Acacia auriculiformis at three contrasting sites in Vietnam. For Ecol Manag 255: 156-167. crossref(new window)

7.
Hidayati F, Ishiguri F, Iizuka K, Makino K, Tanabe J, Marsoem SN, Na'iem M, Yokota S, Yoshizawa N. 2013. growth characteristics, stress-wave velocity, Pilodyn penetration of 15 clones of 12-year-old Tectona grandis trees planted at two different sites in Indonesia. J Wood Sci 59: 249-254. crossref(new window)

8.
Isamoto N. 2000. Anatomical characteristics on wood quality of the three strain of keyaki (Zelkova serrata). J Jpn For Soc 82: 87-90. (in Japanese with English summary).

9.
Ishiguri F, Eizawa J, Saito Y, Izuka K, Yokota S, Priadi D, Sumiasri N, Yoshizawa N. 2007. Variation in the wood properties of Paraserianthes falcataria planted in Indonesia. IAWA J 28: 339-348. crossref(new window)

10.
Itoh T, Sano Y, Abe H, Utsumi Y, Yamaguchi K. 2011. Useful trees of Japan: a color guide. Kaiseisha Press, Otsu. (in Japanese)

11.
Kidoguchi S, Yomogida H, Kamiyama H. 2010. Selection of keyaki (Zelkova serrata) plus trees and establishment of exhibition forest. Bull Iwate Pref For Technol Center 18: 1-6. (in Japanese)

12.
Kollmann FFP, Cote WA. 1984. Principles of wood science and technology vol. I: Solid Wood, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

13.
Lynch M, Walsh B. 1998. Genetics and analysis of quantitative traits. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

14.
Mertz M. 2011. Wood and traditional woodworking in Japan. Kaiseisha Press, Otsu.

15.
Ratcliffe B, Hart FJ, Klapste J, Jaquish B, Mansfield SD, El-Kassaby Y. 2014. Genetics of wood quality attributes in Western Larch. Ann For Sci 71: 415-424. crossref(new window)

16.
Volker PW, Dean CA, Tibbits WN, Ravenwood IC. 1990. Genetic parameters and gains expected from selection in Eucalyptus globulus in Tasmania. Silvae Genet 39: 18-21.

17.
Wang X, Ross RJ, McClellan M, Barbour RJ, Erickson JR, Forsman JW, McGinnis GD. 2001. Nondestructive Evaluation of Standing Trees with a Strees Wave Method. Wood Fiber Sci 33: 522-533.

18.
Warren E, Smith GB, Apiolaza LA, Walker JCF. 2009. Effect of stocking on juvenile wood stiffness for three Eucalyptus species. New For 37: 241-250. crossref(new window)

19.
Wu S, Xu J, Li G, Risto V, Du Z, Lu Z, Li B, Wang W. 2011. Genotypic variation in wood properties and growth traits of Eucalyptus hybrid clones in Southern China. New For 42: 35-50. crossref(new window)

20.
Yoshino Y, Maeda M, Taniguchi S. 2006. Progeny test trial of open-pollinated Zelkova serrata families: growth of trees 12 years after planting. Res Rep Hyogo Pref Technol Center Agri For and Fish 53: 52-55. (in Japanese)

21.
Zobel BJ, Jett JB. 1995. Genetics of wood production. Springer, Berlin.

22.
Zobel BJ, van Buijtenen JP. 1989. Wood variation, its causes and control. Springer, Berlin.