JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Tree Diversity Changes over a Decade (2003-2013) in Four Inland Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest Sites on the Coromandel Coast of India
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Tree Diversity Changes over a Decade (2003-2013) in Four Inland Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest Sites on the Coromandel Coast of India
Pandian, Elumalai; Parthasarathy, Narayanaswamy;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Forest tree diversity inventory and its periodical monitoring are important to understand changes in tree population structure and to provide information useful for biodiversity conservation and reserve management. In a long-term forest dynamics program in Indian tropical dry evergreen forest, this communication deals with tree diversity changes at decadal interval. The initial inventory of tree diversity was carried out in 2003, in four tropical dry evergreen forest sites - (much disturbed sites Shanmuganathapuram - SP and Araiyapatti - AP and moderately disturbed sites - Karisakkadu - KR and Maramadakki - MM) on the Coromandel Coast of peninsular India, by establishing four 1ha permanent plots, one in each site. In 2013, the four plots were re-inventoried for tree diversity () changes which yielded 56 species from 46 genera and 26 families. The studied forest sites are threatened by disturbance due to multiple reasons; cutting of trees inside of the forest, grazing by goats, construction of temple approach road, and some aspects cultural attachment of local people like constructing new, additional strctures of temple by denuding a portion of forest etc.. Tree species richness over a decade increased by four species in site SP, two species in site AP, and one species in site KR, but decreased by one species in site MM. Tree density decreased drastically by 480 (28.92%) and 102 (12.63%) stems respectively in sites SP and AP, but moderately increased by 82 (12.09%) stems in site KR and 26 (3.46%) stems in site MM. Tree basal area declined in site KR from to and in site SP from 21.1 to , but increased from to and from 15.5 to in sites AP and MM respectively. Three tree species (Allophylus serratus, Maytenus emarginata and Ehretia pubescens) were lost out of the 57 species recorded in 2003, and two species (Jatropha gossypiifolia and Streblus asper) were new additions in ten years. The long-term forest monitoring data will be valuable to understand forest dynamics and for conservation and management of this and similar tropical forests.
 Keywords
decadal change;permanent plot;re-census;tree species density;tropical dry evergreen forest;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Acharya B. 1999. Forest biodiversity assessment. A spatial analysis of tree species diversity of Nepal. International Institute for Aerospace survey and Earth Science, The Netherlands, 199 pp.

2.
Anbarashan M, Parthasarathy N. 2012. Tree diversity and forest stand structure along disturbance gradients in Indian tropical dry evergreen forest. Ecotropica 18: 119-136.

3.
Appiah M. 2013. Tree population inventory, diversity and degradation analysis of a tropical dry deciduous forest in Afram Plains, Ghana. For Ecol Manage 295: 145-154. crossref(new window)

4.
Arjunan M, Puyravaud JP, Davidar P. 2005. The impact of resource collection by local communities on the dry forests of the Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve. Trop Ecol 46: 135-144.

5.
Attiwill PM. 1994. The disturbance of forest ecosystems: the ecological basis for conservative management. For Ecol Manage 63: 247-300. crossref(new window)

6.
Baithalu S, Anabarashan M, Parthasarathy N. 2012. Changes in Tree Diversity and Stand Structure of Two Tropical Dry Evergreen Forests on the Coromandel Coast of Peninsular India over a Decade (2001-2011). Int J Ecol Environ Sci 38: 87-96.

7.
Baithalu S, Anbarashan M, Parthasarathy N. 2013. Two-decadal changes in forest structure and tree diversity in a tropical dry evergreen forest on the Coromandel Coast of India. Trop Ecol 54: 397-403.

8.
Baker TR, Phillips OL, Malhi Y, Almeida S, Arroyo L, Di Fiore, Erwin T, Higuchi N, Killeen T J, Laurance SG, Laurance WF, Lewis SL, Monteagudo A, Neill DA, Vargas PN, Pitman N CA, Silva JNM, Martinez RV. 2004. Increasing biomass in Amazonian forest plots. Phil Trans Royal Soc London Series B Biol Sci 359: 353-365. crossref(new window)

9.
Barlow J, Peres CA, Lagan BO, Haugaasen T. 2003. Large tree mortality and the decline of forest biomass following Amazonian wildfires. Ecol Lett 6: 6-8.

10.
Battles JJ, Fahey TJ, Siccama TG, Johnson AH. 2003. Community and population dynamics of spruce fir forests on Whiteface Mountain, New York: recent trends, 1985 2000. Can J For Res 33: 54-63. crossref(new window)

11.
Bhat DM, Naik MB, Patagar SG, Hegde GT, Kanade YG, Hegde GN, Shastri CM, Shetti DM, Furtado RM. 2000. Forest dynamics in tropical rain forests of Uttara Kannada district in Western Ghats, India. Curr Sci 79: 975-985.

12.
Bhat DM, Ravindranath NH. 2011. Above-Ground Standing Biomass and Carbon Stock Dynamics under a Varied Degree of Anthropogenic Pressure in Tropical Rain Forests of Uttara Kannada District, Western Ghats, India. Taiwania 56: 85-96.

13.
Bhuyan P, Khan ML, Tripathi RS. 2003. Tree diversity and population structure in undisturbed and human-impacted stands of tropical wet evergreen forest in Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalayas, India. Biodivers Conserv 12: 1753-1773. crossref(new window)

14.
Brown S, Gillespie AJ, Lugo AE. 1989. Biomass estimation methods for tropical forests with applications to forest inventory data. For Sci 35: 881-902.

15.
Brown SL, Schroeder P, Kern JS. 1999. Spatial distribution of biomass in forests of the eastern USA. For Ecol Manage 123: 81-90. crossref(new window)

16.
Bunker DE, Declerck F, Bradford JC, Colwell RK, Perfecto I, Phillips OL, Sankaran M, Naeem S. 2005. Species loss and aboveground carbon storage in a tropical forest. Science 310: 1029-1031. crossref(new window)

17.
Burslem DF, Whitmore TC. 1999. Species diversity, susceptibility to disturbance and tree population dynamics in tropical rain forest. J Veg Sci 10: 767-776. crossref(new window)

18.
Cairns MA, Olmsted I, Granados J, Argaez J. 2003. Composition and aboveground tree biomass of a dry semi-evergreen forest on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. For Ecol Manage 186: 125-132. crossref(new window)

19.
Champion SH, Seth SK. 1968. A revised survey of the forest types of India. Govt. of India Press, New Delhi, 402 pp.

20.
Chandrashekara UM, Muraleedharan PK, Sibichan V. 2005. Anthropogenic pressure on structure and composition of a shola forest in Kerala, India. J Mount Sci 3: 58-70.

21.
Change IPOC. 2006. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Hayama, Kanagawa, Japan.

22.
Chave J, Andalo C, Brown S, Cairns MA, Chambers JQ, Eamus D, lster F, Fromard F, Higuchi N, Kira T, Lescure P, Nelson BW, Ogawa H, Puig H, Yamakura T. 2005. Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests. Oecologia 145: 87-99. crossref(new window)

23.
Chave J, Olivier J, Bongers F, Chatelet P, Forget PM, van der Meer P, Norden N, Riera B, Charles-Dominique P. 2008. Above-ground biomass and productivity in a rain forest of eastern South America. J Trop Ecol 24: 355-366. crossref(new window)

24.
Chittibabu CV, Parthasarathy N. 2000. Attenuated tree species diversity in human-impacted tropical evergreen forest sites at Kolli hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Biodivers Conserv 9: 1493-1519. crossref(new window)

25.
Clark DA, Clark DB. 1984. Spacing dynamics of a tropical rain forest tree: evaluation of the Janzen-Connell model. Am Nat 124: 769-788. crossref(new window)

26.
Clark DB. 1992. The role of disturbance in the regeneration of neotropical moist forests. In: Reproductive Ecology of Tropical Forest Plants (Bawa KS, Hadley M, eds). Man and the Biosphere Series, Vol. 7. UNESCO-Parthenon, New York, pp 291-315.

27.
Condit R. 1995. Research in large, long-term tropical forest plots. Trends Ecol Evol 10: 18-22. crossref(new window)

28.
Condit R, Hubbell SP, Foster RB. 1996. Changes in tree species abundance in a neotropical forest: impact of climate change. J Trop Ecol 12: 231-256. crossref(new window)

29.
Connell JH, Tracey JG, Webb LJ. 1984. Compensatory recruitment, growth, and mortality as factors maintaining rain forest tree diversity. Ecol Monogr 54: 141-164. crossref(new window)

30.
Davidar P, Arjunan M, Mammen PC, Garrigues JP, Puyravaud JP, Roessingh K. 2007. Forest degradation in the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot: Resource collection, livelihood concerns and sustainability. Curr Sci 93: 1573-1578.

31.
Dixon RK, Solomon AM, Brown S, Houghton RA, Trexier MC, Wisniewski J. 1994. Carbon pools and flux of global forest ecosystems. Science 263: 185-190. crossref(new window)

32.
Elouard C, Pascal JP, Pelissier R, Ramesh BR, Houllier F, Durand M, Aravjy S, Moravie MA Gimaret-Carpentier. 1997. Monitoring the structure and dynamics of a dense moist evergreen forest in the Western Ghats (Kodagu District, Karnataka, India). Trop Ecol 38: 193-214.

33.
Enquist BJ, Enquist CA. 2011. Long-term change within a Neotropical forest: assessing differential functional and floristic responses to disturbance and drought. Glob Chang Biol 17: 1408-1424. crossref(new window)

34.
Fashing PJ, Forrestel A, Scully C, Cords M. 2004. Long-term tree population dynamics and their implications for the conservation of the Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Biodivers Conserv 13: 753-771. crossref(new window)

35.
Fauset S, Baker TR, Lewis SL, Feldpausch TR, Affum-Baffoe K, Foli EG, Hamer KC, Swaine MD. 2012. Drought-induced shifts in the floristic and functional composition of tropical forests in Ghana. Ecol Lett 15: 1120-1129. crossref(new window)

36.
Feeley KJ, Davies SJ, Perez R, Hubbell SP, Foster RB. 2011. Directional changes in the species composition of a tropical forest. Ecology 92: 871-882. crossref(new window)

37.
Felfili JM. 1995. Growth, recruitment and mortality in the Gama gallery forest in central Brazil over a six-year period (1985- 1991). J Trop Ecol 11: 67-83. crossref(new window)

38.
Felfili JM, Rezende AV, Da Silva Junior MC, Silva MA. 2000. Changes in the floristic composition of cerradosensustricto in Brazil over a nine-year period. J Trop Ecol 16: 579-590. crossref(new window)

39.
Ge J, Xiong G, Zhao C, Shen G, Xie Z. 2013. Short-term dynamic shifts in woody plants in a montane mixed evergreen and deciduous broadleaved forest in central China. For Ecol Manage 310: 740-746. crossref(new window)

40.
Grace J. 2004. Understanding and managing the global carbon cycle. J Ecol 92: 189-202. crossref(new window)

41.
Hitimana J, Legilisho Kiyiapi J, Thairu Njunge J. 2004. Forest structure characteristics in disturbed and undisturbed sites of Mt. Elgon Moist Lower Montane Forest, western Kenya. For Ecol Manage 194: 269-291. crossref(new window)

42.
Houghton RA. 2005. Aboveground forest biomass and the global carbon balance. Glob Chang Biol 11: 945-958. crossref(new window)

43.
Htun NZ, Mizoue N, Yoshida S. 2011. Tree species composition and Diversity at different levels of disturbance in Popa Mountain Park, Myanmar. Biotropica 43: 597-603. crossref(new window)

44.
Hubbell SP, Foster RB. 1990. Structure, dynamics, and equilibrium status of old-growth forest on Barro Colorado Island. In: Four Neotropical Rainforests (Gentry AH, ed). Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, pp 522-541.

45.
Hubbell SP, Foster RB. 1992. Short-term dynamics of a neotropical forest: why ecological research matters to tropical conservation and management. Oikos 63: 48-61. crossref(new window)

46.
Hubbell SP, Foster RB, O'Brien ST, Harms KE, Condit R, Wechsler B, Wright SJ, de Lao SL. 1999. Light-Gap disturbances, recruitment limitation, and tree diversity in a neotropical forest. Science 283: 554-557. crossref(new window)

47.
James A, Gaston KJ, Balmford A. 2001. Can we afford to conserve biodiversity. Bio Sci 51: 43-52.

48.
Janzen DH. 1970. Herbivores and the number of tree species in tropical forests. Am Nat 104: 501-528. crossref(new window)

49.
Kale M, Singh S, Roy PS, Deosthali V, Ghole VS. 2004. Biomass equations of dominant species of dry deciduous forest in Shivpuri district, Madhya Pradesh. Curr Sci 87: 683-687.

50.
Kariuki M, Kooyman RM, Smith RGB, Wardell-Johnson G, Vanclay JK. 2006. Regeneration changes in tree species abundance, diversity and structure in logged and unlogged subtropical rainforest over a 36-year period. For Ecol Manage 236: 162-176. crossref(new window)

51.
Keller M, Palace M, Hurtt G. 2001. Biomass estimation in the Tapajos National Forest, Brazil: examination of sampling and allometric uncertainties. For Ecol Manage 154: 371-382. crossref(new window)

52.
Ketterings QM, Coe R, van Noordwijk M, Ambagau Y, Palm CA. 2001. Reducing uncertainty in the use of allometric biomass equations for predicting above-ground tree biomass in mixed secondary forests. For Ecol Manage 146: 199-209. crossref(new window)

53.
Kolb A, Diekmann M. 2004. Effects of environment, habitat configuration and forest continuity on the distribution of forest plant species. J Veg Sci 15: 199-208. crossref(new window)

54.
Korner C, Paulsen J. 2004. A world-wide study of high altitude tree line temperatures. J Biogeogr 31: 713-732. crossref(new window)

55.
Korning J, Balslev H. 1994. Growth and mortality of trees in Amazonian tropical rain forest in Ecuador. J Veg Sci 5: 77-86. crossref(new window)

56.
Krisnawati H, Wahjono D, Imanuddin R. 2011. Changes in the spesies composition, stand structure and aboveground biomass of lowland dipterocarp forest in Samboja, East Kalimantan. J For Res 8: 1-16.

57.
Kucbel S, Saniga M, Jaloviar P, Vencurik J. 2012. Stand structure and temporal variability in old-growth beech-dominated forests of the northwestern Carpathians: A 40-years perspective. For Ecol Manage 264: 125-133. crossref(new window)

58.
Lalfakawma SK, Roy S, Vanlalhriatpuia K, Vanalalhluna PC. 2009. Community composition and tree population structure in undisturbed and disturbed tropical semi-evergreen forest stands of north-east India. Appl Ecol Environ Res 7: 303-318. crossref(new window)

59.
Laurance SG, Laurance WF, Nascimento HE, Andrade A, Fearnside PM, Rebello ER, Condit R. 2009. Long-term variation in Amazon forest dynamics. J Veg Sci 20: 323-333. crossref(new window)

60.
Laurance WF, Delamonica P, Laurance SG, Vasconcelos HL, Lovejoy TE. 2000. Rainforest fragmentation kills big trees. Nature 404: 836. crossref(new window)

61.
Laurance WF, Laurance SG, Delamonica P. 1998. Tropical forest fragmentation and greenhouse gas emissions. For Ecol Manage 110: 173-180. crossref(new window)

62.
Lewis SL, Lloyd J, Sitch S, Mitchard ET, Laurance WF. 2009. Changing ecology of tropical forests: evidence and drivers. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 40: 529-549. crossref(new window)

63.
Lieberman D, Lieberman M. 1987. Forest tree growth and dynamics at La Selva, Costa Rica(1969-1982). J Trop Ecol 3: 347-358. crossref(new window)

64.
Lodhiyal N, Lodhiyal LS. 2003. Biomass and net primary productivity of Bhabar Shisham forests in Central Himalaya, India. For Ecol Manage 176: 217-235. crossref(new window)

65.
Lwanga JS, Butynski TM, Struhsaker TT. 2000. Tree population dynamics in Kibale National park, Uganda 1975-1998. Afr J Ecol 38: 238-247. crossref(new window)

66.
Magurran AE. 2004. Measuring biological diversity. Afr J Aquat Sci 29: 285-286. crossref(new window)

67.
Malhi Y, Wright J. 2004. Spatial patterns and recent trends in the climate of tropical rainforest regions. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359: 311-329. crossref(new window)

68.
Mani S, Parthasarathy N. 2005. Biodiversity assessment of trees in five inland tropical dry evergreen forests of peninsular India. Syst Biodivers 3: 1-12. crossref(new window)

69.
Mani S, Parthasarathy N. 2009. Tree population and above-ground biomass changes in two disturbed tropical dry evergreen forests of peninsular India. Trop Ecol 50: 249-258.

70.
Marimon BS, Felfili JM, Fagg CW, Marimon-Junior BH, Umetsu RK, Oliveira-Santos C, Morandi SP, Lime SH, Terra Nascimento RA. 2012. Monodominance in a forest of BrosimumrubescensTaub. (Moraceae): Structure and dynamics of natural regeneration. Acta Oecol 43: 134-139. crossref(new window)

71.
Masaki T, Tanaka H, Tanouchi H, Sakai T, Nakashizuka T. 1999. Structure, dynamics and disturbance regime of temperate broadleaved forests in Japan. J Veg Sci 10: 805-814. crossref(new window)

72.
Mayaux P, Holmgren P, Achard F, Eva H, Stibig HJ, Branthomme A. 2005. Tropical forest cover change in the 1990s and options for future monitoring. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360: 373-384. crossref(new window)

73.
Monakaran N, Kochummen KM. 1987. Recruitment, growth and mortality of tree species in a lowland dipterocarp forest in peninsular Malaysia. J Trop Ecol 3: 315-330. crossref(new window)

74.
Murphy HT, Bradford MG, Dalongeville A, Ford AJ, Metcalfe DJ. 2013. No evidence for long-term increases in biomass and stem density in the tropical rain forests of Australia. J Ecol 101: 1589-1597. crossref(new window)

75.
Nepstad DC, Verssimo A, Alencar A, Nobre C, Lima E, Lefebvre, Schlesinger P, Potter C, Moutinho P, Mendoza E, Cochrane M, Brooks V. 1999. Large-scale impoverishment of Amazonian forests by logging and fire. Nature 398: 505-508. crossref(new window)

76.
Newbery DM, Kennedy DN, Petol GH, Madani L, Ridsdale CE. 1999. Primary forest dynamics in lowland dipterocarp forest at Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia, and the role of the understorey. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 354: 1763-1782. crossref(new window)

77.
Parthasarathy N. 1999. Tree diversity and distribution in undisturbed and human-impacted sites of tropical wet evergreen forest in southern Western Ghats, India. Biodivers Conserv 8: 1365-1381. crossref(new window)

78.
Parthasarathy N, Selwyn MA, Udayakumar M. 2008. Tropical dry evergreen forests of peninsular India: ecology and conservation significance. Trop Conserv Sci 1: 89-110.

79.
Peng C, Ma Z, Lei X, Zhu Q, Chen H, Wang W, Liu S, Li W, Fang X, Zhou X. 2011. A drought-induced pervasive increase in tree mortality across Canada's boreal forests. Nat Clim Chang 1: 467-471. crossref(new window)

80.
Pomeroy M, Primack R, Rai SN. 2003. Changes in Four Rainforest Plots of the Western Ghats, India, 1939-93. Conserv Soc 1: 113-135.

81.
Primack RB, Hall P. 1992. Biodiversity and forest change in Malaysian Borneo. Bio Sci 42: 829-837.

82.
Ramirez-Marcial N, Gonzalez-Espinosa M, Williams-Linera G. 2001. Anthropogenic disturbance and tree diversity in montane rain forests in Chiapas, Mexico. For Ecol Manage 154: 311-326. crossref(new window)

83.
Rees M, Condit R, Crawley M, Pacala S, Tilman D. 2001. Long-term studies of vegetation dynamics. Science 293: 650-655. crossref(new window)

84.
Richards PW. 1996. The Tropical Rain Forest: an Ecological Study. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 600 pp.

85.
Sabogal C. 1992. Regeneration of tropical dry forests in Central America, with examples from Nicaragua. J Veg Sci 3: 407-416. crossref(new window)

86.
Sagar R, Raghubanshi AS, Singh JS. 2003. Tree species composition, dispersion and diversity along a disturbance gradient in a dry tropical forest region of India. For Ecol Manage 186: 61-71. crossref(new window)

87.
Saldarriaga JG, West DC, Tharp ML, Uhl C. 1988. Long-term chronosequence of forest succession in the upper Rio Negro of Colombia and Venezuela. J Ecol 76: 938-958. crossref(new window)

88.
Sheil D. 1999. Tropical forest diversity, environmental change and species augmentation: after the intermediate disturbance hypothesis. J Veg Sci 10: 851-860. crossref(new window)

89.
Sheil D, Jennings S, Savill P. 2000. Long-term permanent plot observations of vegetation dynamics in Budongo, a Ugandan rain forest. J Trop Ecol 16: 865-882. crossref(new window)

90.
Silva JN, de Carvalho JD, Lopes JDCA, De Almeida BF, Costa DHM, de Oliveira LD, Vanclayc JK, Skovsgaard PJ. 1995. Growth and yield of a tropical rain forest in the Brazilian Amazon 13 years after logging. For Ecol Manage 71: 267-274. crossref(new window)

91.
Singhal RM, Kumar S, Jeeva V. 2003. Forests and forestry research in India. Trop Ecol 44: 55-61.

92.
Smiet AC. 1992. Forest ecology on Java: Human impact and vegetation of montane forest. J Trop Ecol 8: 129-152. crossref(new window)

93.
Stork NE. 2010. Reassessing current extinction rates. Biodivers Conserv 19: 357-371. crossref(new window)

94.
Sukumar R, Dattaraja HS, Suresh HS, Radhakrishnan J, Vasudeva R, Nirmala S, Joshi NV. 1992. Long term monitering of vegetation in a tropical deciduous forest in Mudumalai, southern India. Curr Sci 62: 608-616.

95.
Sussman RW, Rakotozafy A. 1994. Plant diversity and structural analysis of a tropical dry forest in southwestern Madagascar. Biotropica 26: 241-254. crossref(new window)

96.
Takahashi K, Mitsuishi D, UemuraS, Suzuki JI, Hara T. 2003. Stand structure and dynamics during a 16-year period in a sub-boreal conifer-hardwood mixed forest, northern Japan. For Ecol Manage 174: 39-50. crossref(new window)

97.
van den Berg E, Chazdon R, Correa BS. 2012. Tree growth and death in a tropical gallery forest in Brazil: understanding the relationships among size, growth, and survivorship for understory and canopy dominant species. Plant Ecol 213: 1081-1092. crossref(new window)

98.
Venkateswaran R, Parthasarathy N. 2005. Tree population changes in a tropical dry evergreen forest of south India over a decade (1992-2002). Biodivers Conserv 14: 1335-1344. crossref(new window)

99.
Verwijst T, Telenius B. 1999. Biomass estimation procedures in short rotation forestry. For Ecol Manage 121: 137-146. crossref(new window)