Study on Traditional Folk Wine of Korea -In the Southern Region of Korea-Chulla-do, Kyungsang-do and Cheju-do-

Title & Authors
Study on Traditional Folk Wine of Korea -In the Southern Region of Korea-Chulla-do, Kyungsang-do and Cheju-do-
Yoon, Sook-Ja; Park, Duck-Hoon;

Abstract
This study aims at exploring the nature of the traditional Korean wines brewed throughout the Southern Region of Korea-Chulla-do, Kyungsang-do and Cheju-do describing their varieties and brewing methods and also comparing the similarities and differences of their features. When compared with the wines produced in the Central Region, the Southern varieties are very fastidious and complex in their brewing methods, which in turn show a wide range of diversity. First of all, all the 29 kinds of wines investigated, not a single one shows any resemblance to any one of the remaining, each exhibiting peculiar and particular characteristic features of its own. Especially, the distilling methods demonstrate very complex processes. Secondly, the majority of the Southern spirits are made from grains, added with fragrant flavor of pine tree, wormwood, chrysanthemum leaves and other medicine herbs such as Chinese matrimony vine and tankui. Thirdly, they are brewed with yeast made from wheat into kodupap(steamed rice) type of spirits, emerging as in the form of blended liquor. Fourthly, in brewing, different fermenting temperature and duration are required. Typewise, the temperature required for the basic spirit is $\small{15{\sim}20^{\circ}C\;or\;25{\sim}30^{\circ}C}$ : in the case of blended secondarily fermented liquor, from the minimum of $\small{0{\sim}5^{\circ}C}$ to the maximum of $\small{75{\sim}80^{\circ}C}$. The brewing duration is $\small{3{\sim}5}$ days for the basic spirits. In some cases, from the minimum of 3 days to the maximum of 100 days are consumed for fermenting. Fifthly, the wine extraction gadgets are yongsu (wine strainer), the sieve, filter paper, Korean traditional paper, the utilization of which implies that the brewers endeavor to observe and preserve the traditional and indigenous methods of wine making.
Keywords
Language
Korean
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