Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Study on Nutrition Knowledge, Perception, and Intake Frequency of Milk and Milk Products among Middle School Students in Chuncheon Area
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Study on Nutrition Knowledge, Perception, and Intake Frequency of Milk and Milk Products among Middle School Students in Chuncheon Area
Han, Ji Min; Min, Sung Hee; Lee, Min June;
  PDF(new window)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the nutrition knowledge, perception, and intake frequency of milk and milk products among middle school students as well as provide the basic data needed for increasing milk and milk product consumption. To achieve the purpose of this study, a survey with 385 students of four middle schools located in Chuncheon was conducted. The level of nutrition knowledge of milk and milk products in females was slightly higher than that in males (p<0.01). Flavored milk and ice cream were preferred the most in each category, and `taste` influenced the selection of milk and milk products the most. The intake frequency of whole milk was the highest, and that of flavored milk was lowest among various milks. Ice cream showed the highest intake frequency while cheese showed the lowest among milk products. Male students showed higher intake frequency of milk and milk products. Groups having high level of nutrition knowledge showed the highest intake of whole milk, whereas groups having a low level of nutrition knowledge preferred processed milk, low fat or non-fat milk, and cheese the lowest.
Middle school student;milk and milk product;nutrition knowledge;perception;intake frequency;
 Cited by
Cho E, Smith-Warner SA, Spiegelman D, Beeson WL, van den Brandt P, Colditz GA, Folsom AR, Fraser GE, Freudenheim JL, Giovannucci E, Goldbohm RA, Graham S, Miller AB, Pietinen P, Potter JD, Rohan TE, Terry P, Toniolo P, Virtanen MJ, Willett WC, Wolk A, Wu K, Yaun SS, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Hunter DJ. 2004. Dairy foods, calcium, and colorectal cancer: a pooled analysis of 10 cohort studies. J. Natl. Cancer Inst., 96(13):1015-1022 crossref(new window)

Cox B, Sneyd MJ. 2011. School milk and risk of colorectal cancer: a national case-control study. Am. J. Epidemiol., 173(4):394-403 crossref(new window)

Dong JY, Zhang LJ, He K, Qin LQ. 2011. Dairy consumption and risk of breast cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Breast Cancer Res. Treat, 127(1): 23-31 crossref(new window)

Eichholzer M, Stahelin H. 1993. Is there a hypocholesterolemic factor in milk and milk-products. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res., 63(3):159-167

Elwood PC, Pickering JE, Fehily AM, Hughes J, Ness AR. 2004. Milk drinking, ischaemic heart disease and ischaemic stroke I. Evidence from the caerphilly cohort. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 58(5):711-717 crossref(new window)

Farlow DW, Xu X, Veenstra TD. 2009. Quantitative measurement of endogenous estrogen metabolites, riskfactors for development of breast cancer, in commercial milk products by LC-MS/MS. J. Chromatogr. B. Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci., 877(13):1327-1334 crossref(new window)

Haug A, Hostmark AT, Harstad OM. 2007. Bovine milk in human nutrition - a review. Lipid Health Dis., 6(9):1-17 crossref(new window)

Heraclides A, Mishra GD, Hardy RJ, Geleijnse JM, Black S, Prynne CJ, Kuh D, Soedamah-Muthu SS. 2011. Dairy intake, blood pressure and incident hypertension in a general British population: the 1946 birth cohort. Eur. J. Nutr., 51(5):583-91

Hong KJ, Lee JW, Park MS, Cho YS. 2007. A Study on the Promotion of adolescent's milk consumption (I)-Milk preference and intake patterns of urban adolescents. J. Korean Diet. Assoc., 13(1): 61-72

Kang EJ. 1998. The effect of nutrient intake and past diary products consumption on bone mineral density of postmenopausal of Korean women. Korean J. Food Nutr., 11(1):87-98

Kim AL. 2010. The comsumption pattern of milk and dairy products of junior high school students in Kyeongbuk Province. Master's degree thesis, Yeungnam University, Korea, pp1-3

Kim JH. 2007. Analysis of the awareness of the value and the consumption pattern on milk of elementary middle and high school students. J. Korean Home Econ. Assoc., 45(1):23-33

Kim SH. 2010. A review on the relationship of milk consumption, dietary nutrient intakes and physical growth of adolescents. Korean J. Dairy Sci. Technol., 28(1):9-16

Kim SO. 2012. A survey on milk intake and satisfaction of school milk program of middle school students in Goseong, Gyeongnam. Master's degree thesis, Gyeongsang National University, Korea, pp28-31

Kim TY, Kim HS. 2009. Comparison of calcium intake status among elementary students by participation in the school milk program. J. Korean Soc. Food Cult., 24(1):106-115

Larsson SC, Andersson SO, Johansson JE, Wolk A. 2008. Cultured milk, yogurt, and dairy intake in relation to bladder cancer risk in a prospective study of Swedish women and men. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 88(4):1083-1087 crossref(new window)

Lee MH. 2012. Consumption of dairy products and nutrition education associated with milk intake. Master's degree thesis, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea, pp47-53

Livingstone KM, Lovegrove JA, Cockcroft JR, Elwood PC, Pickering JE, Givens DI. 2013. Does dairy food intake predict arterial stiffness and blood pressure in men evidence from the caerphilly prospective study. Hypertension, 61(1):42-47 crossref(new window)

Melnik BC, John SM, Carrera-Bastos P, Cordain L. 2012. The impact of cow's milk-mediated mTORC1-signaling in the initiation and progression of prostate cancer. Nutr. & Metabol., 9:74 crossref(new window)

Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. 2014. 2014 Korean Youth Health Risk Behavior On-line Survey

Ministry of Health & Welfare, Korea Centers for Disease control & Prevention. 2015. Korea Health Statistics 2014: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI-2)

Nam ES, Kim HJ, Park SI. 2011a. Survey of middle school students' intake of milk and satisfaction with school milk program. Korean J. Food & Nutr., 24(1):17-27 crossref(new window)

Nam ES, Kim HJ, Park SI. 2011b. A study on consumption behavior for milk and dairy products among middle school students. Korean J. Culin. Res.,17(3):236-258

Park MY, Lee SH, Rhie SG. 2011. The needs of nutrition education and eating attitudes of middle school students in Hwaseong city, Gyeonggi province. Korean J. Commun. Living Sci., 22(2):299-310 crossref(new window)

Park TE, Choi YJ. 2014. Influence of animal products on public health nutrition: focused on misconceptions and facts. Korean J. Food Sci. Ani. Resour., 3(2):2-14

Shin MS. 2008. The survey of milk preference and intake patterns of middle school students in Jeonju area. Master's degree thesis, Wonkwang University, Korea, pp10-12

Smedman AEM, Gustafsson IB, Berglund LGT, Vessby BOH. 1999. Pentadecanoic acid in serum as a marker for intake of milk fat: relations between intake of milk fat and metabolic risk factors. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 69(1):22-29 crossref(new window)

The Korean Nutrition Society. 2015. Dietary reference intakes for Koreans. Ministry of health and welfare, Seoul, Korea, pp590-591

Warensjo E, Jansson JH, Berglund L, Boman K, Ahren B, Weinehall L, Lindahl, B, Hallmans G, Vessby B. 2004. Estimated intake of milk fat is negatively associated with cardiovascular risk factors and does not increase the risk of a first acute myocardial infarction. A prospective casecontrol study. Brit. J. Nutr., 91(4):635-642 crossref(new window)

Yoon HS, Lee GO. 2005. Perception and consumption pattern of middle and high school students on milk and milk products in Geochang area. J. Korean Diet. Assoc., 11(4):449-461

IDF Korea. 2014. Nutrition and Health in Milk. Available from:, [accessed December 29, 2015]