JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Budget and distribution of organic carbon in Quercus serrata Thunb. ex Murray forest in Mt. Worak
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Budget and distribution of organic carbon in Quercus serrata Thunb. ex Murray forest in Mt. Worak
Lee, Seung-Hyuk; Jang, Rae-Ha; Cho, Kyu-Tae; You, Young-Han;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The carbon cycle came into the spotlight due to the climate change and forests are well-known for their capacity to store carbon amongst other terrestrial ecosystems. The annual organic carbon of litter production, forest floor litter layer, soil, aboveground and belowground part of plant, standing biomass, net primary production, uptake of organic carbon, soil respiration, etc. were measured in Mt. Worak in order to understand the production and carbon budget of Quercus serrata forest that are widely spread in the central and southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The total amount of organic carbon of Q. serrata forest during the study period (2010-2013) was 130.745 ton C ha-1. The aboveground part of plant, belowground part of plant, forest floor litter layer, and organic carbon in soil was 50.041, 12.510, 4.075, and 64.119 ton C ha-1, respectively. The total average of carbon fixation in plants from photosynthesis was 4.935 ton C ha-1 yr-1 and organic carbon released from soil respiration to microbial respiration was 3.972 ton C ha-1 yr-1. As a result, the net ecosystem production of Q. serrata forest estimated from carbon fixation and soil respiration was 0.963 ton C ha-1 yr-1. Therefore, it seems that Q. serrata forest can act as a sink that absorbs carbon from the atmosphere. The carbon uptake of Q. serrata forest was highest in stem of the plant and the research site had young forest which had many trees with small diameter at breast height (DBH). Consequentially, it seems that active matter production and vigorous carbon dioxide assimilation occurred in Q. serrata forest and these results have proven to be effective for Q. serrata forest to play a role as carbon storage and NEP.
 Keywords
allometric equation;biomass;deciduous forest;net ecosystem production;temperate seasonal change;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Berg B, Agren G. 1984. Decomposition of needle litter and its organic chemical components: theory and field experiments. Long-term decomposition in a Scots pine forest III. Can J Bot 62: 2880-2888. crossref(new window)

2.
Binkley D, Stape JL, Ryan MG, Barnard HR, Fownes J. 2002. Age-related decline in forest ecosystem growth: an individual-tree, stand-structure hypothesis. Ecosystems 5: 58-67. crossref(new window)

3.
Black CA. 1965. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, pp 1562-1565.

4.
Bond-Lamberty B, Wang C, Gower ST. 2004. Net primary production and net ecosystem production of a boreal black spruce wildfire chronosequence. Glob Cahnge Biol 10: 473-487. crossref(new window)

5.
Bray JR, Gorham E. 1964. Litter production in forests of the world. Advance in Ecological Research 2: 101-157. crossref(new window)

6.
Buchmann N. 2000. Biotic and abiotic factors controlling soil respiration rates in Picea abies stands. Soil Biol Biochem 32: 1625-1635. crossref(new window)

7.
Cannell MGR, Dewar RC, Thornley JHM. 1992. Carbon flux and storage in European forest. In:Responses of Forest Ecosystems to Environmental Changes (Teller A, Mathy P, Jeffers JNR, eds). Elsevier, New York, NY, pp 256-271.

8.
Chae N, Kim J, Kim DG, Lee D, Kim RH, Ban J, Son Y. 2003. Measurement of soil CO2 efflux using a closed dynamic chamber system. Korean J Agric For Meteorol 5: 94-100.

9.
Chang NK, Kim IJ. 1983. A study of the matter production and decomposition of Quercus serrata and Carpinus laxiflora Forest at Piagol in Mt. Jiri. Korean J Ecol 6: 198-207.

10.
Chen H, Harmon ME, Griffiths RP. 2000. Effects of temperature and moisture on carbon respired from decomposing woody roots. For Ecol Manag 138: 51-64. crossref(new window)

11.
Choi HJ. 2007. Organic carbon distribution and budget in Quercus variabilis and Quercus mongolica forests at Mt.Worak National Park. MS Thesis. Kongju National University, Gongju. (In Korean)

12.
Chung TH, Lee WC. 1965. A study of the Korean woody plant zone and favorable region for the growth and proper species. Thesis Collect SungKyunKwan Univ 10: 329-435.

13.
Ciais P, Sabine C, Bala G, Bopp L, Brovkin V, Canadell J, Chhabra A, DeFries R, Galloway J, Heimann M, Jones C, Le Quéré C, Myneni RB, Piao S, Thornton P. 2013. Carbon and other biogeochemical cycles. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner GK, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgley PM, eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 465-570.

14.
Cole DW, Rapp M. 1981. Elemental cycling in forest ecosystems. In:Dynamic Properties of Forest Ecosystems (Reiche DE, ed). No. 23. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 341-409.

15.
Dulohery CJ, Morris LA, Lowrance R. 1996. Assessing forest soil disturbance through biogenic gas fluxes. Soil Sci Soc Am J 60: 291-298. crossref(new window)

16.
Houghton RA, Hobbie JE, Melillo JM, Moore B, Peterson BJ, Shaver GR, Woodwell GM. 1983. Changes in the carbon content of terrestrial biota and soils between 1860 and 1980: a net release of CO2 to the atmosphere. Ecol Monogr 53: 235-262. crossref(new window)

17.
Hu H, Wang GG. 2008. Changes in forest biomass carbon storage in the South Carolina Piedmont between 1936 and 2005. For Ecol Manag 255: 1400-1408. crossref(new window)

18.
IPCC. 2007. Climate change 2007: Mitigation Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

19.
Jeong HM, Kim HR, Shin DH, Lee KM, Lee SH, Han YS, Jang RH, Lee SK, Kim TK, You YH. 2013. Litter production and soil organic carbon dynamincs of Pinus densiflora, Quercus mongolica and Robinia pseudo-acacia forests in Mt. Nam. Korean J Environ Biol 31: 87-95. crossref(new window)

20.
Jeong JH, Lee WK, Kim CS. 1998. Soil organic carbon content in forest soils of Korea. For Res Inst J For Sci 57: 178-183.

21.
Johnson FL, Risser PG. 1974. Biomass, annual net primary production, and dynamics of six mineral elements in a post oak-blackjack oak forest. Ecology 55: 1246-1258. crossref(new window)

22.
Jones PD, Wigley TML, Wright PB. 1986. Global temperature variations between 1861 and 1984. Nature 322: 430-434. crossref(new window)

23.
Kang SJ, Kwak AK. 1998. Comparisons of phytomass and productivity of watershed forest by allometry in South Han River. J Kor For Energy 17: 8-22.

24.
Katagiri S. 1988. Estimation of proportion of root respiration in total soil respiration in deciduous broadleaved stands. J Jap For Soc 70: 151-158.

25.
Katagiri S, Ishii H, Miyake N, Fukuyoshi T. 1979. Studies on mineral cycling in a deciduous broad-leaved forest at Sanbe forest of Shimane University. VII. Rate of soil respiration and a few factors affected. Bull Fac Agric 13: 50–56.

26.
Kawamura K, Hashimoto Y, Sakai T, Akiyama T. 2001. Effects of phenological changes of canopy leaf on the spatial and seasonal variations of understory light environment in a cool-temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest. J Jap For Soc 83: 231-237.

27.
Kim CS, Lim JH, Lee IK, Park BB, Chun JH. 2013. Annual variations of litterfall production in a broadleaved deciduous forest at the Mt. Keumsan LTER site. J of Korean For Soc 102: 210-215.

28.
Kim JH. 2012. Global warming through the eyes of a biologist. Seoul National University Press, Seoul.

29.
Kim JH, Yoon SM. 1972. Studies on the productivity and the productive structure of the forests - II. Comparison between the productivity of Pinus densiflora and of Quercus mongolica stands located near Choon-Chun City. J Plant Biol 15: 71-78.

30.
Kim KD, Kim CM. 1988. Research trends on forest biomass production in Korea. J Korea For Energy 8: 94-107.

31.
Kim YS, Ko SC, Oh BU. 1981. Distribution Atlas of Plants in Korea (V)-Atlas of Fagaceae in Korea. Korea University Press, Seoul.

32.
Kimmins JP. 1987. Forest Ecology. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, NY.

33.
Kirschbaum MUF. 1995. The temperature dependence of soil organic matter decomposition, and the effect of global warming on soil organic C storage. Soil Biol Biochem 27: 753-760. crossref(new window)

34.
Kittredge J. 1944. Estimation of the amount of foliage on trees and stands. J For 42: 905-912.

35.
Koh SD. 2002. Ecological studies on the community structure and productivity of Quercus Forests of Munjangdae valley in Mt. Sokni. Bull Sci Educ 18: 33-43.

36.
Koo JW, Son YH, Kim RH, Kim J. 2005. A Study on methods of separating soil respiration by source. Korean J Agric For Meteorol 7: 28-34.

37.
Korea Meteorological Administration. 2010. Climate past data of Korea http://www.kma.go.kr/weather/climate/past_table.jsp?stn=221&yy=2010&obs=07&x=20&y=3. Accessed 3 January 2014.

38.
Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. Climate past data of Korea http://www.kma.go.kr/weather/climate/past_table.jsp?stn=221&yy=2011&obs=07&x=14&y=16. Accessed 3 January 2014.

39.
Korea Meteorological Administration. 2012. Climate past data of Korea http://www.kma.go.kr/weather/climate/past_table.jsp?stn=221&yy=2012&obs=07&x=13&y=5. Accessed 3 January 2014.

40.
Korea Meteorological Administration. 2013. Climate past data of Korea http://www.kma.go.kr/weather/climate/past_table.jsp?stn=221&yy=2013&obs=07&x=7&y=9. Accessed 3 January 2014.

41.
Kwak YS, Hur YK, Song JH, Hwangbo JK. 2004. Quantification of atmospheric purification capacity by affo restation impact assessment of Kwangyang Steel Works. RIST Res Pap 18: 334-340.

42.
Kwak YS, Kim JH. 1992. Secular changes of density, litterfall, phytomass and primary productivity in Mongolian Oak (Quercus mongolica) Forest. J Ecol Environ 15: 19-33.

43.
Lee EH. 2009. Analysis of soil carbon flux using the automatic long term measurement of soil respiration in the temperate deciduous forest at Gwangneung. MS Thesis. Konkuk University. Seoul, Korea.

44.
Lee EH, Lim JH, Lee JS. 2010. A Review on soil respiration measurement and its application in Korea. Korean Soc Agric For Meteorol 12: 264-276. crossref(new window)

45.
Lee JY. 2014a. Carbon budget and nutrient cycling in the Pinus densiflora forest at Mt. Worak. PhD Dissertation. Kongju National University, Gongju, Korea.

46.
Lee MS, Mo WH, Koizumi H. 2006. Soil respiration of forest ecosystems in Japan and global implications. Ecol Res 21: 828-839. crossref(new window)

47.
Lee MS, Nakane K, Nakatsubo T, Koizumi H. 2003. Seasonal changes in the contribution of root respiration to tota soil respiration in a cool-temperate deciduous forest. Plant Soil 255: 311-318. crossref(new window)

48.
Lee NY. 2010. Carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems-net ecosystem production (NEP) in a forest. J Natl Park Res 1: 163-168.

49.
Lee NY. 2011. Estimation of carbon storage in three cool-temperate broad-leaved deciduous forests at Bukhansan National Park, Korea. J Natl Park Res 2: 53-57.

50.
Lee SH. 2014b. Carbon distribution and budget of the dominant deciduous plant communities in Worak National Park. MS Thesis. Kongju National University, Gongju, Korea.

51.
Lee SH, You YH. 2012. Measurement of ecological niche of Quercus aliena and Q. serrata under environmental factors treatments and its meaning to ecological distribution. J Ecol Environ 35: 227-234.

52.
Leirós MC, Trasar-Cepeda C, Seoane S, Gil-Sotres F. 1999. Dependence of mineralization of soil organic matter on temperature and moisture. Soil Biol Biochem 31: 327-335. crossref(new window)

53.
Li ZA, Zu B, Xia HP, Ren H, Mo JM, Weng H. 2005. Litterfall dynamics of an evergreen broadleaf forest and a pine forest in the subtropical region of China. For Sci 51: 608-615.

54.
Lim HJ. 1985. A study on the production structure of a Quercus serrata forest at a ridge in Songkwang experiment forest. Thesis of Suncheon National University 4: 51-57.

55.
Lim JH, Shin JH, Jin GZ, Chun JH, Oh JS. 2003. Forest stand structure, site characteristics and carbon budget of the Kwangneung Natural Forest in Korea. Korean J Agric For Meteorol 5: 101-109.

56.
Liu Q, Edwards NT, Post WM, Gu L, Ledford J, Lenhart S. 2006. Temperature-independent diel variation in soil respiration observed from a temperate deciduous forest. Glob Change Biol 12: 2136-2145. crossref(new window)

57.
Lousier JD, Parkinson D. 1976. Litter decomposition in a cool temperate deciduous forest. J Bot 54: 419-436.

58.
Marks PL. 1974. The role of pin cherry (Prunus pensylvanica L.) in the maintenance of stability in northern hardwood ecosystems. Ecol Monogr 44:73–88 crossref(new window)

59.
Matsumoto A, Kominami Y, Makita N, Kanazawa Y. 2009. Direct measurement of heterotrophic decomposition respiration from root litter in warm-temperate secondary deciduous forest in Japan. http://asrr.boku.ac.at/fileadmin/files/RRcd/session04/poster/102.pdf. Accessed 3 January 2014.

60.
Meentemeyer V. 1978. Macroclimate and lignin control of decomposition rates. Ecology 59: 465-472. crossref(new window)

61.
Meentemeyer V, Box EO, Thompson R. 1982. World patterns and amounts of terrestrial plant litter production. Bio-Science 32: 125-128.

62.
Min YK. 2006. Characteristics on the soil carbon flux in the cool-temperate deciduous forest at Gwangneung. MS Thesis. Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea.

63.
Mun HT. 2004. Decay rate and nutrients dynamics during decomposition of Oak branches. J Ecol Environ 27: 97-98.

64.
Nakane K, Kohno T, Horikoshi T. 1996. Root respiration rate before and just after clear-felling in a mature, deciduous, broad-leaved forest. Ecol Res 11: 111-119. crossref(new window)

65.
Namgung J. 2010. Production and nutrient cycling in the Quercus variabilis forest in Mt. Worak. PhD Dissertation. Kongju National University, Gongju, Korea.

66.
Namgung J, Mun HT. 2009. Litterfall and nutrient input via litterfall in Pinus densiflora forest at Mt. Worak National Park. Korean Soc Environ Biol 27: 261-265.

67.
National Institute of Environmental Research. 2013. The Third Stage Report (2010-2013) of KNLTER. National Institute of Environmental Research, Incheon.

68.
Oh KK, Park SK, Shim HY, Kim TH. 2005. Actual vegetation and management in the Woraksan National Park. Korean J Environ Ecol 19: 119-129.

69.
Ohtsuka T, Shizu Y, Nishiwaki A, Yashiro Y, Koizumi H. 2010. Carbon cycling and net ecosystem production at an early stage of secondary succession in an abandoned coppice forest. J Plant Res 123: 393-401. crossref(new window)

70.
Ovington JD, Heitkamp D. 1960. The accumulation of energy in forest plantation in Britain. Ecology 48: 639-646. crossref(new window)

71.
Park GS, Lee SW. 2002. Biomass and net primary production of Quercus serrata natural stands in Kwangyang, Muju and Pohang areas. J Korean For Soc 91: 714-721.

72.
Park IH, Kim DY, Son YH, Yi MJ, Jin HO, Choi YH. 2005. Biomass and net production of a natural Quercus Mongolica forest in Namsan, Seoul. Korean Soc Environ Ecol 19: 299-304.

73.
Park IH, Moon GS. 1994. Biomass, net production and biomass estimation equations in some natural Quercus forests. J Korean For Soc 83: 246-253.

74.
Pyo JH, Kim SU, Mun HT. 2003. A study on the carbon budget in Pinus koreansis plantation. Korean J Ecol 26: 129-134. crossref(new window)

75.
Rochow JJ. 1974. Litter fall relations in a Missouri forest. Oikos 25: 80-85. crossref(new window)

76.
Rodin LE, Bazilevich NI, Fogg GE. 1967. Production and Mineral Cycling in Terrestrial Vegetation. Olover and Boyd, London.

77.
Sabine CL, Feely RA, Gruber N, Key RM, Lee K, Bullister JL, Wanninkhof R, Wong CS, Wallace DWR, Tilbrook B, Millero FJ, Peng TH, Kozyr A, Ono T, Rios AF. 2004. The oceanic sink for anthropogenic CO2. Science 305: 367-371. crossref(new window)

78.
Shidei T. 1960. Studies on the productivity of the forest. Ⅰ. Essential needle-leaved forest on Hokkaido. Kokusaku Pulp Industry Co., Tokyo.

79.
Shin CH. 2012. Carbon budget and nutrient cycling in the Quercus mongolica forest at Mt.Worak National Park. PhD Dissertation. Kongju National University, Gongju, Korea.

80.
Shutou K, Nakane K. 2004. Change in soil carbon cycling for stand development of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) plantations following clear-cutting. Ecol Res 19: 223-244. crossref(new window)

81.
Singh JS, Gupta SR. 1977. Plant decomposition and soil respiration in terrestrial ecosystems. Bot Rev 43: 449-528. crossref(new window)

82.
Smith FW, Long JN. 2001. Age-related decline in forest growth: an emergent property. For Ecol Manag 144: 175-181. crossref(new window)

83.
Takahashi A, Hiyama T, Takahashi HA, Fukushima Y. 2004. Analytical estimation of the vertical distribution of CO2 production within soil: application to a Japanese temperate forest. Agric For Meteorol 126: 223-235. crossref(new window)

84.
Tans PP, Fung IY, Takahashi T. 1990. Observational constrains on the global atmospheric CO2 budget. Science 247: 1431-1438. crossref(new window)

85.
Triska FJ, Cromack Jr K. 1980. The role of wood debris in forests and streams. In: Forest : Fresh Perspectives from Ecosystem Analysis (Waring RH, ed). Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR, pp 171-190.

86.
Vitousek PM. 1991. Can planted forest counteract increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide?. J Environ Qual 20: 348-354. crossref(new window)

87.
Wang G, Qian J, Cheng G, Lai Y. 2002. Soil organic carbon pool of d soils on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau and its global implication. Sci Total Environ 29: 207-217.

88.
Waring RH, Schlesinger WH. 1987. Forest Ecosystems: Concepts and Management. Academic Press, London.

89.
Whittaker RH, Marks PL. 1975. Methods of assessing terrestrial productivity. In:Primary Productivity of the Biosphere (Lieth H, Whittaker RL, eds). Springer, Berlin, pp 55-118.

90.
Witkamp M. 1969. Cycles of temperature and carbon dioxide evolution from litter and soil. Ecology 50: 922-924. crossref(new window)

91.
Yim MH, Joo SJ, Nakane K. 2002. Comparison of field methods for measuring soil respiration: a static alkali absorption method and two dynamic closed chamber methods. For Ecol Manag 170: 189-197. crossref(new window)