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Effect of Flooding and Soil Salinity on the Growth of Yam (Dioscorea batatas) Transplanted by Seedling of Aerial Bulblet in Saemangeum Reclaimed Tidal Land
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Flooding and Soil Salinity on the Growth of Yam (Dioscorea batatas) Transplanted by Seedling of Aerial Bulblet in Saemangeum Reclaimed Tidal Land
Sohn, Yong-Man; Song, Jae-Do; Jeon, Geon-Yeong; Kim, Doo-Hwan; Park, Moo-Eon;
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 Abstract
The effect of flooding and soil salinity on the growth of yam (Dioscorea batatas) were studied on the experimantal site temporally established in the south-eastern part of Saemangeum Reclaimed Tidal Land (near Gwanghwal myun, Gimjae-gun, Jellabukdo, Korea). Yam seedlings planted by using aerial bulblet as alternative of sliced tubers, were grown for 20-days and transplanted in black-vinyl mulched ridges (about 20 cm in height) at 70cm interval by spacing in the of May, 2010. Soil salinity was maintained at lower than 1.2 ds during the growing period and did not result to salt injury in all plants. However, flooding injury very seriously led to plant death and plant mortality rates at and of yam plants in the compost and no compost treatment, respectively, died by heavy flooding during the rainy summer season. The main reasons of the flooding injury included the decreased rainfall acceptable capacity (RAC) after the rising of water table and a slowdown of water infiltration rate after the formation of an impermeable soil crust in the furrow bottom with continuous and heavy downpour during the rainy summer season. The effect of compost treatment was not statistically observed because of the severe spatial difference caused by wet injury, although yam tuber yield was higher at 30 kg in the compost treatment than in the no-compost treatment at 20 kg . However, the size of tuber ranged at 1.23 to 1.60 cm in diameter and 3.7 to 5.0 cm in length in all both treatment, which means they are still reproducible for the next cropping season. Conclusively, proper counter-flooding measure and soil salinity control critically important for successful yam production in Saemangeum Reclaimed Tidal Land.
 Keywords
Yam;Aerial bulblet;Wet injury;Soil salinity;Flooding;Soil crust;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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